For members


The 10 French jobs most in demand over the next 10 years

France's national statistics body has published a report looking at which sectors will be doing the most recruiting between now and 2030 - so if you plan on working in France, here's who is hiring.

The 10 French jobs most in demand over the next 10 years
France's 'start-up incubator' Station F. Photo by Bertrand GUAY / POOL / AFP

The report, jointly published by research institute la Direction de l’animation de la recherche, des études et statistiques (Dares) and business group France Stratégie estimated that between 2019 and 2030 there will be a total of 8.4 million vacancies needing to be filled.

That works out at 760,000 jobs a year, and this only covers existing industries that need to recruit, the great majority – 89 percent – being replacements for workers who are retiring.

According to their calculations, the jobs most likely to be recruiting are;

  • Maintenance workers
  • Teachers
  • Home-carers for elderly or disabled people
  • Drivers of all types (eg hauliers, bus drivers, delivery drivers)
  • Administrative, accounting and financial services managers
  • Commercial and technical managers
  • Nurses and midwives 
  • Nursing assistants
  • Warehouse staff
  • Computer engineers

READ ALSO Jobs you can do in France if you don’t speak French

These roles are largely based on the replacement of retiring staff, with only the healthcare sector projected to grow, especially in the areas of nursing care and home helps, as an ageing population will require extra care.

In addition to this there are the sectors which are expected to grow and create new jobs, the main one being the IT and digital sector, which is projected to create 115,000 additional roles before 2030.

The French government has been pushing the creation of new tech-based roles including through the creation of start-ups and expanding the French gaming industry.

The report also lists the industries that are likely to shrink over the next 10 years, with public administration and finance expected to recruit fewer people as more administrative processes move online, together with the insurance sector.

Ask the expert: How to write the perfect French CV

The report also suggests that the impact of the pandemic on the arts and hospitality sectors will be long lasting, with just 80,000 vacancies expected between 2019 and 2030, compared to 300,000 between 2009 and 2019.

And if you have an idea to set your own business, there is government help available to set up new enterprises.

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For members


How to get a summer job in France

As the summer holidays approach in France, many employers are looking for seasonal workers - so if you're looking for a summer job, here's how to go about it.

How to get a summer job in France

There are thousands of employment offers in France – a simple internet search for jobs d’été came up with numerous jobs boards offering work in France, while the government-backed Centre d’Information et de Documentation pour la Jeunesse (CIDJ) offers advice and information on all aspects of life for young people in France, including finding seasonal work and summer placements.

Sectors including agriculture, hospitality and tourism are always recruiting in the summer, seeking fruit-pickers, holiday camp workers and serving/hotel staff.

But what are the rules for people seeking summer jobs?

READ ALSO Vendange: What you really sign up for when you agree to help with the French wine harvest


Children from the age of 16 (under certain circumstances, the age limit drops to 14) who are legally resident in France can work as long as they have written authorisation from their parents or legal guardians. A model authorisation letter is available here

Those under the age of 18 cannot undertake certain jobs for health and safety reasons.

In the following circumstances, children as young as 14 or 15 can work during school holidays.

  • The holidays must last at least 14 days;
  • The child must work no more than half the days of the holiday – so, if a vacation period is two weeks, they can work for no more than one of those weeks;
  • The child is given ‘light duties’ that offer no risk to their safety, health, or development;
  • From the age of 15 and if the child has completed their troisieme education, a minor can register for an apprenticeship. 


Salary is usually paid monthly and will have a payslip. For those aged 18 and over, pay will be at least equal to the minimum wage.

 For those aged 14 to 17, who have less than six months’ professional experience, the minimum allowed rate is 80 percent of the minimum wage. For those aged 17 to 18, the rate rises to a minimum of 90 percent of France’s minimum wage.

  • The minimum wage in France is currently €10.85 gross per hour (€1,645.58 gross per month based on a 35-hour week);
  • the employment contract is fixed-term and can take different forms (fixed-term contract, seasonal employment contract, temporary employment contract, etc);
  • Seasonal employees are subject to the same obligations as the other employees of the company and have access to the same benefits (canteens, breaks, etc.).

Under 18s have certain additional protections:

  • between the ages of 14 and 16, during school holidays, employees on any contract cannot work more than 35 hours per week nor more than 7 hours per day;
  • They cannot work at night;
  • Those aged 14 to under 16 working during their school holidays can only be assigned to work which is not likely to harm their safety, their health or development.

Right to work in France

If you’re a French citizen or hold permanent residency in France then you have the right to work, but for foreigners there are extra restrictions.

Anyone who holds the passport of a EU/EEA country or Switzerland, is free to work in France or to travel to France seeking work without needing a visa or work permit.

Most other people will need permission to work in France – even if it’s only for a short period or for casual work such as grape-picking. Depending on your country of origin you may need a visa – everything you need to know about that is here.

In addition to the visa, you may also need a work permit, which is the responsibility of the employer.  To employ anyone in France for less than 90 days, an employer must get a temporary work permit – before the prospective employee applies for a short stay visa. This permit is then sent to the embassy at which the employee is applying for a visa.

If you come from countries including the UK, USA and Canada you can spend up to 90 days in France without a visa – but you may still need a work (convention d’accueil) if you want to work while you are here.

READ ALSO Six official websites to know if you’re planning to work in France

Certain countries have specific ‘seasonal worker’ visas on offer, for certain sectors which allows – for example – Canadians to come to France and work the ski season. 

Cash-in-hand jobs

Certain sectors which have a lot of casual workers – for example seasonal fruit-picking – do have cash-in-hand jobs, known in France as marché noir (black market) or simply travail au black (working on the black, or working illegally). 

This is of course illegal and working this way carries risks – as well as the possibility of losing your job if labour inspectors turn up you are also in a vulnerable position. If your employer suddenly decides not to pay you, or make unexpected deductions from your wages, there is very little you can do about it since you won’t have any kind of work contract.