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HEALTH

Why Paris’ northern suburbs have had such a high coronavirus death rate

New French data on excess mortality during the outbreak has shown a stark picture for département in the Paris region, where deaths have more than doubled.

Why Paris' northern suburbs have had such a high coronavirus death rate
Photo: AFP

The département of Seine-Saint-Denis on the northern edge of Paris shows an increased death rate of 130 percent for March 1st to April 20th, compared to the same period last year.

Meanwhile some French départements have actually shown a decreased rate of deaths compared to last year and the nationwide excess mortality – which encompasses all deaths not just those attributed to coronavirus – is 27 percent higher than 2019.

The highest single increase is in the eastern French département of Haut-Rhin, where the outbreak first began, and the next highest five are all in the greater Paris Île-de-France region with the département of Seine-Saint-Denis showing an increase of 130 percent on 2019.

The Paris region is still a red zone for coronavirus and has been hard hit by the outbreak, with the excess deaths also more than double in Hauts-de-Seine (+ 122 percent), Val-de-Marne (+ 104 percent), Essonne and Val-d'Oise (+ 99 percent each).

So why has Seine-Saint-Denis been so hard hit? French health authorities say there are three main factors that together have created a 'perform storm' for the area.

Many of Paris' low paid but essential workers live in the suburbs. Photo: AFP

Keyworkers

While millions of people stayed at home during the lockdown, those in essential jobs were still travelling to and from work every day, and Seine-Saint-Denis has a high number of essential workers.

Sky-high property prices in Paris mean that many people who do low-paid but crucial jobs such as nursing staff, transport operators, supermarket workers and street cleaners live outside the city in the cheaper suburbs and commute in.

Of the working population in Seine-Saint-Denis, 12 percent continued to travel to work during the lockdown, compared to seven percent in Paris.

Of the 560,000 keyworkers in Île-de-France, Seine-Saint Denis has the highest number of cashiers and salespeople (18.7 percent), cleaners (25.2 percent), postmen (16.5 percent), delivery drivers (21.6 percent) and public transport drivers (22.8 percent).

During the lockdown, when the Paris public transport network saw just four percent of its usual traffic, the highest passenger numbers were in Seine-Saint-Denis as people travelled to work.

Isabelle Grémy, director of the Île-de-France regional health authority, said: “They are all those who have ensured the smooth running of the system during this period of confinement.

“They are the people who work in transport, they are the people who collect waste, they are all the people who are in contact with the food trade, they are the delivery people, the postal workers, the police and, of course, the care workers.”

Crowded housing, such as this block in Clichy-sous-Bois, makes social distancing difficult. Photo: AFP

Cramped living conditions

Seine-Saint-Denis, often known by its département number as le neuf trois, is the most deprived département in France, with high levels of poverty, crime and poor housing.

And it is the housing conditions that have proved disastrous during the coronavirus outbreak, with crowded living conditions meaning that anyone who did get the virus was highly likely to infect others.

In the département more than a third of people live in housing with less than one room per person.

“There are smaller dwellings, more people in the housing, less space per person, more children,” Grémy explained.

“In these circumstances barrier gestures are much more difficult to put in place.

“And even when they are respected, the many common areas that are very busy are unquestionably risk factors for transmission.”

Crowded living conditions made the lockdown particularly difficult and tensions also flared over police enforcement of the lockdown, with several nights of running battles between police and locals after a motorcyclist was seriously hurt during a police stop.

Poor health

The two factors above explain why so many people contracted the virus, but to explain the death rate there is an important third aspect – poor overall health.

Since well before the coronavirus epidemic Seine-Saint-Denis residents were in poor overall health, with many of the problems often associated with poverty such as diabetes, obesity and hypertension – all major risk factors for coronavirus.

The area has also been identified as a 'medical desert' where a shortage of doctors means that people struggle to access care and life expectancy in the département was up to eight years shorter than in more well-off areas.

“The inhabitants of disadvantaged neighbourhoods had been in poorer health than in well-to-do neighbourhoods,” Grémy added. 

Even within the département there was a wide variation on the death rates with the more deprived northern areas of Plaine Commune and Paris terres d'Envol recording excess death rates of 169 and 154 percent, while the eastern part of the département saw a 56 percent increase.

 

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LIVING IN FRANCE

Traffic warnings for France ahead of holiday weekend

This weekend represents the first chance to 'faire le pont' and have a long holiday weekend - and the French seem set to make the most of it with warnings of extremely heavy traffic from Wednesday.

Traffic warnings for France ahead of holiday weekend

Thursday, May 26th marks the Christian festival of Ascension and is a public holiday in France.

More importantly, it’s the first time this year that French workers have had the opportunity to faire le pont (do the bridge) and create a long weekend.

In France, most public holidays fall on different days each year and if they happen to fall on the weekend then there are no extra days off work.

This year that happened on New Year’s Day (a Saturday) and both of the early May public holidays (the workers’ holiday on May 1st and VE Day on May 8th, which both fell on a Sunday).

READ ALSO Why 2022 is a bad year for public holidays

But as Ascension is on a Thursday, workers have the option to take a day of annual leave on Friday and therefore create a nice four-day weekend.

And it appears that many are planning on doing just that, as the traffic forecaster Bison futé is predicting extremely heavy traffic from Wednesday evening, as people prepare to make their after-work getaway and head to the coast, the countryside or the mountains to fully profit from their holiday weekend.

According to Bison futé maps, the whole country is coloured red – very heavy traffic – on both Wednesday and Thursday as people take to the roads to leave the cities.

Map: Bison futé

Meanwhile Sunday is coloured black – the highest level, meaning extremely heavy traffic and difficult driving conditions – across the whole country. 

Map: Bison futé

If you were hoping to take the train instead you might be out of luck, SNCF reports that most TGV services are sold out for over the holiday weekend. 

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