French citizenship For Members

TEST: Is your level of French good enough for citizenship and residency?

The Local France
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TEST: Is your level of French good enough for citizenship and residency?
Photo by Fred TANNEAU / AFP

France has tightened up language requirements for citizenship and is proposing introducing a language test for certain types of carte de séjour residency card - so just how good does your French need to be?


From total fluency to just being able to order a baguette in your local boulangerie, there's a world of difference in the levels of French attained by foreigners in France, and of course most people improve the longer they stay here.

But there are certain processes that require formal qualifications, so we've put together some sample questions to give you an idea of the level required. This article relates solely to your language ability - if you're applying for citizenship there are several other requirements, including having to demonstrate knowledge of French culture and history.


READ ALSO Am I eligible for French citizenship?

Here are the new rules;

Those making their first application for a carte de séjour pluriannuelle (multi-year card, max duration of four years) will now need to demonstrate a French level of at least A2 according to the DELF/ CERL international language scale.

Those making their first application for a 10-year carte de résident (in most cases, available after five years of consecutive residency) will need to demonstrate at least B1 level in French - an increase from the previous requirement of A2.

Those applying for French citizenship will need to demonstrate at least B2 level in French, instead of the previous requirement of B1.

READ MORE: Quiz: Test your French language level on the A1 to C2 scale


Four tests are required for citizenship; a written test, reading tests, listening test and an oral test where you have a conversation with an examiner.

  • Oral comprehension – 25 minutes. This test involves listening to a tape and answering questions about the content, usually multiple choice answers
  • Oral discussion – 15 minutes. This is a one-on-one conversation with an examiner (either in person or on the phone) who asks you progressively more difficult questions, towards the end of the chat you are also given the opportunity to ask questions or start a debate with your examiner on the topic
  • Reading test - 45 minutes. Candidates are expected to read a selection of French texts (newspaper articles, memos, adverts etc) and answer questions about their content
  • Writing test - 30 minutes. Candidates must write a piece on a given topic in a specified style (formal letter, email, memo, news report etc)

Bear in mind that instructions for the exam - times allowed, which sections to answer etc - are all in French. 

You need to pass all four sections of the language test in order to apply for citizenship. Although you do not have to take all the tests at the same time, test certificates presented for citizenship cannot be more than two years old. 


Sample questions

We have put together some examples of the type of questions asked, based on past papers for B1 exams. Keep in mind, however, that based on the new rules you will need to show the B2 level.

Oral comprehension - for this section you will have to listen to audio of French people talking. The format varies, sometimes it could be a news report, an interview or a recorded discussion, and it will be played at least twice.

Here are some sample questions from a past B1 paper, after the candidates had listened to a short clip of Paul talking about his holidays - click here to listen to the audio. 

Quel a été le principal inconvénient du voyage de Paul ?

  • La nourriture
  • La chaleur 
  • La longueur du voyage

Combien de pays ont-ils visités ?

  • Cinq
  • Six
  • Seize

Quel sentiment éprouve Paul?

  • Il est déçu de son voyage et content d'être rentré 
  • Il est content de son voyage et regrette d'être rentré 
  • Il est content de son voyage et content aussi d'être rentré

Reading - you have 45 minutes to read two documents provided and then answer questions about them. The questions are usually a mix of multiple choice and longer answers.

Here are some sample questions from a past B1 paper, relating to a report about child soldiers, and the charity groups attempting to help them - you can read the document here.

1. Ce document a pour but de:

  • Dénoncer les horreurs de la guerre
  • Informer sur les actions pour les droits de l'enfant
  • Faire signer un texte pour les droits de l'enfant

2. Citez trois formes du soutien proposées aux enfants soldats par les ONG

3. Combien d'enfants sont membres du SPLA.

Oral discussion - the examiner will ask you questions about the documents that you have read for the reading section, you have an extra 10 minutes before the oral section begins to prepare your response.

You will begin by introducing yourself and talking about your work, family or hobbies - the examiner will then ask you some questions about yourself before moving on to questions about the document.


Written - in this section you have 30 minutes to write an answer to a question. You must respond in 160 to 180 words. Here is a sample of the type of question asked:

A votre avis, quels ont été le ou les changements les plus importants des vingt dernières années dans votre pays?

(In your opinion, what are the most important changes that have taken place in your country in the past 20 years).

You can find the full exam paper with the correct answers (at the bottom) HERE.


Comments (4)

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Anonymous 2022/08/26 01:05
My French is at best b2 and at times a1. However, towards the end of the conversation with Paul, first vocal exercise, he makes reference to "Quebequoise" when he talks about being out of touch with current events. But the transcript version says "française". Did I miss something?
Anonymous 2022/07/14 16:50
Your mistakes. La longUeur (the length) du voyage Il (he) (non non no It) est déçu les changements leS (plural here) votre payS your country. Your pay (English)
Anonymous 2022/07/14 16:50
Your mistakes (not a good idea when you write about French tests) La longUeur (the length) du voyage Il (he) (non non no It) est déçu (accent is a must é) les changements leS (plural here) plus importants votre payS your country. Your pay (English)
Anonymous 2022/07/14 13:42
Does this apply to EU Nationals wishing to reside in France? And, by extension, to their spouse? Or are they exempt because of EU rules?

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