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JOHN LICHFIELD

OPINION: The ‘oldie’ voters will give Macron a narrow victory

With the Emmanuel Macron v Marine Le Pen second round in the French election set to be a tight contest, John Lichfield unpicks the voting patterns to see who has the edge.

OPINION: The 'oldie' voters will give Macron a narrow victory
French voters queue to cast their ballot. Photo by JEFF PACHOUD / AFP

Hooray for the oldies. Without voters of 65 or older, the second round of the presidential election might have been a lose-lose contest for France: “Marine Le Pen versus Jean-Luc Mélenchon”.

Older French voters turned out in huge numbers on Sunday, as they always do. Four in ten of them – 41 percent – voted for Macron. In every other category of age, Macron came second or even third.

Mélenchon topped the poll among 18-24’s and 25-34’s. Le Pen came first in the 35-49 and 50-64 age groups.

The figures cast an odd light on Macron’s four-point victory in the first round of the presidential election. (And it was a considerable victory in my opinion).

Macron is supposed to be the candidate for a modern, forward-looking and prosperous France. He was rejected by the young and middle-aged voters who are the country’s future. He was overwhelmingly endorsed by people whose working lives are mostly over (and who would still be over if Macron lifts the standard pension age to 65).

This is quite the opposite of the political demography of Britain. In the 2016 Brexit referendum, the Leave vote was disproportionately an old vote. In France, the vote for the extreme nationalist Le Pen and the anti-EU, anti-Nato socialist-nationalist Mélenchon was disproportionately young.

Extreme nationalism is still offensive it seems to many French voters who were born during the war or in the 1940s or 1950s.  Younger French people are less immunized against the Far Right – especially Marine Le Pen’s dishonest Far Right Lite.

The age-pattern of Sunday’s vote is one of several fragile aspects of Macron’s position as he seeks in the next two weeks to become the first French president to be re-elected for 20 years. Another striking fact is that more than half the votes went to candidates who seek, one way or another, to tear down the status quo.

MAPS: How France voted in the first round of the presidential elections

Only the fact that they are divided between Far Right (31.5 percent of the total) and Hard or Far Left  (23 percent) will prevent Marine Le Pen from making the run-off a successful referendum against Macron, “les elites” and Brussels.

The second round will be a close-run thing. The instant polls put Macron’s lead as low as two points (51-49 percent) and no higher than 8 points (54-46 percent). I believe that he will win.

The second round of French presidential elections stress-test candidates’ qualifications to be head of state in more rigorous way than first rounds. How many people who voted for Le Pen as “that nice woman who is not Macron and likes cats and wants to cut taxes on food and fuel?”. How many had actually looked at her programme for government?

Le Pen’s allegedly less radical policies include: breaking EU laws and refusing €5 bn a year in payments to Brussels; discriminating against foreign residents (including EU nationals) in housing, social payments and jobs; banning the Muslim headscarf in public places; and making Russia France’s ally.

Her economic programme is an incoherent mess.

None of this seems to have cut through – to use the modern jargon – to ordinary voters so far. I expect that it will do so in the next two weeks.

READ ALSO Macron v Le Pen: What happens next?

Sunday was a roller-coaster day after a roller-coaster couple of weeks. Early turn-out patterns, including a collapse in the Paris vote, seemed to favour Le Pen, Belgian and Swiss news sites promoted an “exit poll” (illegal in France) showing Macron and Le Pen neck and neck on 24 percent.

Macron’s final score of 27.6 percent was 3.15 points higher than his first round vote in 2017 and the highest for an incumbent since President François Mitterrand in 1988. Le Pen narrowly outpolled her final opinion polls with 23.41 percent but still appeared to have undershot expectations – certainly the expectations of the right-wing UK media – by coming 4.2 points behind the President.   

It is worrying, nonetheless, that Macron’s higher-than-expected score has depleted the number of new votes that he can expect to capture in Round Two.  

The centre-right candidate Valérie Pécresse – once tipped as Macron’s greatest danger – was reduced to an embarrassing  4.79 percent because her so many of her voters moved to Macron (and maybe some to Le Pen).

Le Pen has another 9 points of far-right support to harvest in round two – the 7 percent who stuck with her rival Eric Zemmour and the 2 percent who voted for the perpetual also-ran Nicolas Dupont-Aignan.

 At first glance, Sunday’s voting pattern is unfavourable to Macron. Only 38.7 percent of voters supported candidates who were  clearly pro-status quo.

There is, however, another pattern in the results, which should prove more helpful to the President. The French electorate, as I have been predicting for weeks, has split into three camps.

If you tot up the scores, 32 percent voted yesterday for something close to Macronist, pro-European centrism; 31.5 percent for the Far Right and 32.3 percent for a scattered Left.

Left-wing voters – especially the 22 percent vote for Mélenchon – hold the key to the second round (as it was always likely they would). Which way will they lean on April 24th?

Many more will abstain or even vote for Le Pen than they did in 2017. Hence the poll findings showing a much tighter race than Macron’s 66-34 percent victory last time.

It will deeply pain many left-wing voters to do so but I expect that they will vote sufficiently anti-Le Pen to give Macron a second term. Nor do I expect Marine Le Pen to inherit all of Zemmour’s votes. The future of Zemmourism depends on Le Pen losing on Sunday week, not winning.

And then there are all those sensible, forward-looking old people. Macron’s grey legions will see him home.

Hear John discussing the latest on the results on the Talking France podcast, new episode out now.

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POLICE

France proposes getting rid of penalties for ‘minor’ speeding offences

The French government is considering changing speeding laws so that drivers will not lose points on their licence if they are caught going just a few kilometres over the speed limit.

France proposes getting rid of penalties for 'minor' speeding offences

France’s Interior Ministry is considering changing its current rules for minor speeding violations – proposing getting rid of the penalty for drivers who only violate the rule by going just a few kilometres over the speed limit.

The Ministry has not laid out a timeline for when this could come into effect, but they said they are currently in the preliminary stages of studying how the change could be carried out.

“The fine of course remains,” said the Interior Ministry to French daily Le Parisien.

That is to say you can still be fined for going five kilometres over the speed limit, but there might not be any more lost points for driving a couple kilometres over the posted limit. 

READ ALSO These are the offences that can cost you points on your driving licence

Of the 13 million speeding tickets issued each year in France, 58 percent are for speeding violations of less than 5 km per hour over the limit, with many coming from automated radar machines.

How does the current rule work?

The rule itself is already a bit flexible, depending on where the speeding violation occurs.

If the violation happens in an urban area or low-speed zone (under 50 km per hour limit), then it is considered a 4th class offence, which involves a fixed fine of €135. Drivers can also lose a point on their licences as a penalty for this offence. 

Whereas, on highways and high-speed roads, the consequences of speeding by 5 km per hour are less severe. The offence is only considered 3rd class, which means the fixed fine is €68. There is still the possibility of losing a point on your licence, however. 

How do people feel about this?

Pierre Chasseray, a representative from the organisation “40 Millions d’Automobilistes,” thinks the government should do away with all penalties for minor speeding offences, including fines. He told French daily Le Parisien that this is only a “first step.”

Meanwhile, others are concerned that the move to get rid of points-deductions could end up encouraging people to speed, as they’ll think there is no longer any consequence.

To avoid being accused of carelessness, France’s Interior Ministry is also promising to become “firmer” with regards to people who use other people’s licences in order to get out of losing points – say by sending their spouse’s or grandmother’s instead of their own after being caught speeding. The Interior Ministry plans to digitalise license and registration in an effort to combat this. 

Ultimately, if you are worried about running out of points on your licence, there are still ways to recover them.

You can recover your points after six months of driving without committing any other offences, and there are also awareness training courses that allow you to gain your points back. It should be noted, however, that these trainings typically cost between €150 and €250, and they do not allow you to regain more than four points.

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