Why did P&O ferries axe UK jobs but keep its French workers?

Cross-Channel ferry company P&O made a shocking announcement on Thursday - 800 of its UK staff have been dismissed with immediate effect. But the company's French employees are apparently not affected.

Why did P&O ferries axe UK jobs but keep its French workers?
Photo by Glyn KIRK / AFP

What’s happening?

All sailings from P&O Ferries are suspended for the next few days after a shock announcement on Thursday.

The company’s 800 UK staff were called back to port and then told via a video announcement that they were out of a job, effective immediately. UK media has reported that the company is instead bringing in Colombian staff to crew the ships, in an apparent money-saving exercise.

But as a cross-Channel company, P&O also has a significant contingent of French staff.

On Thursday French media reported staff representatives in France as saying they were not affected by the announcement.

So what next?

P&O Ferries says that its business is “not viable in its current form” and that it made a £100million loss last year.

Like many travel firms, it has been badly hit by the pandemic. Even after lockdowns were lifted, travel restrictions imposed by both France and the UK have led to a steep drop in cross-Channel traffic.

The company says that in total it employed 3,000 people – including the 800 UK staff who lost their jobs.

The remaining staff are made up of office-based UK roles (the redundancies only affect seafaring staff) and staff in France, Ireland and the Netherlands.

The company said in a statement: “In making this tough decision [to axe the 800 UK jobs] we are securing the future viability of our business which employs an additional 2,200 people and supports billions in trade in and out of the UK. And we are ensuring that we can continue serving our customers in a way that they have demanded from us for many years.”

What about French staff?

The statement from P&O doesn’t mention any further job losses, but it’s clear that the company is in trouble, so it cannot be ruled out.

However, French workers enjoy greater protection than their British colleagues thanks to the Code du Travail (labour code).

The Code du Travail is an enormous doorstep of a document that covers everything from eating lunch at your desk to having sex with a stranger on a business trip – and how bosses can get rid of their workers.

French redundancy

Concerning redundancies, the Code first sets requirements that businesses must fulfil in order to make employees redundant.

If the redundancies are for economic reasons, the company must be able to demonstrate a drop in orders or turnover for a minimum period – for businesses with more than 300 employees, the loss must be over four consecutive quarters.

The company must then select employees for redundancy, and must take into account factors like seniority and family burden. Once selected, the company must then demonstrate that it has looked for a different position within the company for the employee – this is important because if this step is not followed then the employee can claim unfair dismissal.

If the company has an employee representative group or unions, these too must be involved in the process. Where large numbers of employees are being made redundant, local political representatives would probably also be involved.

If the company has a convention collectif (collective agreement) which most large companies do, this may also cover the process around redundancies.

The company must then follow a strict process which includes calling a meeting with five days’ notice, offering retraining programmes then sending written notification of redundancy with at least seven days’ notice.

P&O’s practice of calling a same-day meeting and then telling employees via video that they were immediately out of work clearly meets none of the conditions for process.

What a company does next is also important – if employees are made redundant on the grounds of economic difficulty, but then new workers are quickly hired to fill the same roles, the original employee may have a case for unfair dismissal.

If the dismissal is found to be unfair by the Labour Court then the employee is entitled to damages – there is no legal maximum for these damages.

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‘IT problems’ blamed for cancellation of flights from French airports

The French holiday weekend of Ascension has been hit by travel problems after Easyjet cancelled dozens of flights.

'IT problems' blamed for cancellation of flights from French airports

Easyjet announced on Thursday that it would have to cancel several dozen flights, many of which were set to depart from French airports like Paris Charles de Gaulle, Lyon, Toulouse and Nice.

The British budget airline tweeted an apology to the customers impacted, explaining that ‘IT system issues’ were to blame. 

In total, 200 flights across Europe were affected, confirmed the British newspaper The Independent.

Several customers expressed frustration at the hours-long wait times, many taking to Twitter to vent, like this user below:

So what happened?

Easyjet has not been very specific about the issue aside from explaining that the root of the problem was a computer system failure. They announced quickly that they were working to restore their systems and that in the meantime customers should continue to check Flight Tracker in order to verify the status of their flight prior to leaving for the airport.

While flights were set to resume on Friday, Thursday’s cancellations have had a domino effect, bringing about further delays and cancellations for flights originally scheduled for Friday. 

If you have flights booked, it is best, as stated above, to keep an eye on Flight Tracker in order to avoid potentially long wait-times at the airport.

Will passengers be compensated?

While Easyjet initially explained the IT problem as “beyond [their] control” and an “exceptional circumstance,” the company eventually retracted these statements and released a new statement saying that “Customers can request compensation in accordance with the regulations.” Here is the link to their website to find out more.

If you plan to request a refund, be advised that under European regulation for air passenger rights, travellers should be entitled to compensation between €260 to €410 per person depending on the duration of the flight, with the latter representing flight distances of over 1,500 km. Read more here.

Since Brexit, passengers departing from the UK may no longer be covered by the European compensation rules.