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FRENCH HISTORY

100-year-old US war veteran receives France’s highest honour

A 100-year-old African American veteran who was wounded shortly after D-Day has been awarded France's highest honour.

100-year-old US war veteran receives France's highest honour
Photo: HO / US ARMY/NATIONAL ARCHIVES / AFP

In a ceremony at France’s Manhattan consulate, General Consul Jeremie Robert presented Osceola Lewis Fletcher with the Légion d’honneur for his “utmost example of bravery and courage.”

Robert also highlighted the dedication of Black soldiers in World War Two, even in the face of discrimination.

Born on January 16th, 1922 to a poor family in Brooklyn, Fletcher joined the army at age 21, and served on supply missions on the beaches of Normandy, a week after the D-Day invasions of June 1944.

The general consul explained that while Fletcher was offloading cargo, he was repeatedly cut by debris in the water, and that in a separate event, his boat was hit by a German missile, leaving him with a large gash in the head.

“You risked your life to liberate my country, France, and to liberate Europe from the Nazis,” said Robert.

“Men such as you saved millions of lives. You saved our country. You saved our freedom, and you saved our values.”

Fletcher, sitting in a wheelchair, briefly spoke to the audience, and said the French “helped us to rescue them … they were fighters.”

Fletcher’s daughter, Jacqueline Streets, said  at the ceremony that her father “has always loved France, the country, the language and the people,” and noted that during his time in World War II, “he felt respected, befriended and appreciated by the French people.”

Speaking in French, she thanked the general consul for presenting the honour, as well as for “having shown to America that Black lives have always had importance.”

Founded by Napoleon Bonaparte in 1802, the Légion d’honneur includes 92,000 civilian and military members, chosen for their “eminent merits” in service of the French nation.

Member comments

  1. He is a brave person who served his country well and helped save the world from Nazi tyranny, bless his soul.

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FRENCH HISTORY

Malik Oussekine: Who is ‘France’s George Floyd’, portrayed in the new Disney+ series?

A new Disney+ mini-series tells the story of Malik Oussekine, the man often referred to as "France's Arab George Floyd". Here's what you need to know about him and his brutal death at the hands of French police.

Malik Oussekine: Who is 'France's George Floyd', portrayed in the new Disney+ series?

The latest French show to grab ahold of international audiences, “Oussekine” a Disney+ mini-series of four episodes, reinvestigates a dark part of France’s history. It became available for streaming worldwide on May 11th, and is available in English.

Long before Adama Traoré, whose death ignited Black Lives Matter protests across France, was the night of December 6th, 1986, when two police officers beat to death the 22-year-old French-Algerian on the sidelines of a student protest in Paris.

He had not been involved in the demonstration, and his killing became a turning point – triggering weeks of unrest and leading to the unprecedented conviction of the officers.

A march in memory of Malik Oussekine on December 4, 1987, a year after he was killed by the police (Photo by Jean-Loup GAUTREAU / AFP)

While Oussekine’s name has continued to reverberate among minorities, his story has never been adapted for the screen until now.

As if making up for lost time, two versions are being released this month: a film, “Our Brothers”, premieres at the Cannes Film Festival, and the Disney+ mini-series, “Oussekine.”

“He was attacked because of the colour of his skin. He is France’s Arab George Floyd,” historian Pascal Blanchard told AFP, referring to the African-American whose death at the hands of police in 2020 sparked massive international protests.

He said much of French society had allowed Oussekine’s story to be brushed under the carpet as with so much of its troubled history with immigrant populations.

“It’s not a question of whether Malik Oussekine has been forgotten, but by who?” said Blanchard.

France is still wrestling with the trauma of its colonial period, particularly the bloody war of independence in Algeria from 1954 to 1962.

Among its darkest moments was the massacre of up to 200 Algerian protesters by police in Paris on October 17th, 1961 — many of them shot dead and their bodies thrown into the Seine.

The events of that day went officially unacknowledged for decades until President Emmanuel Macron finally described them as “inexcusable crimes” at the 60th anniversary last year – though without apologising.

Oussekine’s death was crucial in marking the end of total police impunity – the first time that officers were convicted for this type of crime, according to the family’s lawyer, Georges Kiejman.

As the grandchildren of the original wave of North African immigrants come of age, there is increasing interest and willingness to address the past.

“For our generation, it is important to say that these individual stories form part of the French national story. They are not separate. These are French stories,” said Faiza Guene, 36 and born to Algerian parents, who helped write the screenplay for “Oussekine”.

Its director, Antoine Chevrollier, was part of the team behind hit spy series “The Bureau”, and the lauded political saga “Baron Noir”.

“The important thing is to make this name and this story resonate so that we never forget,” he told AFP.

Chevrollier, who grew up in a small village in the Loire Valley, says he only became fully aware of the power of Oussekine’s name when he moved to Paris and began to hang out with people from different backgrounds.

“I hope the series will help ease the tensions that are unsettling the country. It is time that we in France begin to treat these historical cancers.”

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