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JOHN LICHFIELD

OPINION: Macron’s Russian peace mission is genuine and we should wish him well

As the French president Emmanuel Macron continues his tour of Russia and Ukraine, John Lichfield looks at the background to his diplomatic mission and his chances of success.

OPINION: Macron's Russian peace mission is genuine and we should wish him well
Emmanuel Macron and Vladimir Putin give a joint press conference in Moscow. Photo by Thibault Camus / POOL / AFP

How is President Emmanuel Macron doing in his attempts to prevent the most dangerous war in Europe since World War II? That depends whom you listen to.

Macron was either “mauled  by a bear” on Monday (POLITICO) or won promises from the Russian President Vladimir Putin that could “de-escalate the Ukraine crisis” (Financial Times).

The second – more positive version – was given on Tuesday morning by Macron himself talking to journalists on the presidential plane flying  to Kiev.

“I obtained a commitment that there would no worsening or escalation of the situation,” he said.

I watched (from Paris) the whole of the hour-long Kremlin press conference that followed six hours of talking and eating by the two presidents on Monday. The confusion in the media is understandable.

There were quotes and sound-bites that suggest Putin is ready to play along with Macron’s attempts to defuse the immediate crisis. “I think it’s entirely likely,” Putin said “that some of (Macron’s) ideas and suggestions, even if it’s probably too early to talk about them, could become part of the basis for our next joint steps.”

There were also long passages in which Putin was at his belligerent, mendacious and mocking worst – accusing Ukraine and Nato of menacing poor, peace-loving, little Russia or quoting from a nasty Russian song about necrophiliac rape.

Macron’s officials said afterwards that Putin had promised that he would take no new “military initiatives” and that he would withdraw 30,000  troops from Belarus after the completion of current “exercises”. Neither of those things were mentioned in the press conference.

Much of the coverage in the English-speaking media of the French president’s self-appointed  peace mission seems to fall into two camps – not so much Pro-Putin or Anti-Putin as Pro and Anti-Macron. Either that or there is no coverage at all.

 BBC Radio Four did not mention the Putin-Macron talks this morning. The (London) Times led on Boris Johnson promising not to “flinch” on Ukraine.

Social media coverage of the event yesterday was dominated by mockery. Putin and Macron were pictured absurdly at the opposite ends of an elegant, white table as long as a tennis court. The Russians said this was for “health reasons”. Social media decided that it was a deliberate Putin joke. (Someone managed to animate the picture to make the two leaders looks as if they were on a see-saw.)

Should we take Macron’s efforts to prevent a Russia-Ukraine war seriously? Is he, as Macron-haters suggest, simply seeking ephemeral personal or electoral gain? Is he undermining the solidarity of the West by even looking for ways to pacify Vladimir Putin?

Some of the coverage in the English-speaking media has been misleading. This is no spur-of-the-moment, go-it-alone mission. Before leaving for Moscow, Macron spoke to President Joe Biden (twice), to Boris Johnson, the German Chancellor Olaf Scholz and the leaders of most of the European nations with Russian frontiers.

He will be speaking at length to the Ukrainian president, Volodymyr Zelensky, on Tuesday. Some of the Anglo-Saxon coverage of last night’s press conference complained that Macron did not push back against Putin’s mendacious and one-sided presentation of the origins of the crisis.

This is not so. Macron went out of his way to praise the Ukrainian president’s “sang froid” and good sense. He pointed out that having 130,000 Russian soldiers massed on the frontier would make any country “nervous”.

He defended the West’s rejection of Putin’s maximalist demand that Ukraine should be permanently excluded from Nato. He also dismissed Putin’s demand that the admission of former Soviet satellites into the western alliance more than two decades ago should, in effect, be reversed.

So what is there left to talk about? Lots of complex stuff which I won’t go into in detail. But Macron’s peace mission seems to have three main objectives.

One, to defuse the immediate tension and prevent a war, either deliberate or accidental. It remains to be seen whether Putin’s promises on troop movements yesterday are a step in that direction.

Two, to relaunch talks on a more permanent settlement of the dispute about the eastern parts of Ukraine – mostly Donbass – which are controlled by pro-Russian local forces and de facto by Russia. The Russian-Ukrainian-German-French forum for these talks, invented on the D-Day beaches in June 2014, has been revived in recent days at Macron’s urging (and with US blessing). But Putin – bad sign? – seems to have refused yesterday to agree to attend a  leaders’ summit in this so-called ‘Normandy Format’.

Three, to engage Moscow  in a long – preferably very long – process of negotiation on new security arrangements for the whole of Europe. This would not abolish Nato but try to lever Putin away from his Cold War obsession with it.

How this would work is unclear; maybe it cannot work. It would, in Macron’s view, mean a bigger European Union involvement in security matters. This makes some in Washington and London and eastern Europe suspicious of Macron’s motives.

Fair enough. But the Ukraine crisis has also exposed the contradictions and absurdities of the present security situation. Parts of media and political opinion in the US and Britain appear to be baying for a show-down with Russia but will make no commitment to a military intervention to help Ukraine.

As the former French ambassador to the UN and to Washington, Gérard Araud, said yesterday there are a lot of anti-Russian people out there who are ready to “fight until the last Ukrainian”.

Is Macron also exploiting the crisis for his own advantage?

There is no doubt that a successful peace mission would help him in the April election. There may not be too much downside if he is seen to have tried and failed. But Macron’s actions would have been no different if the French election was two years, rather than two months, away.

I think that we should all wish him well. Better the fog of peace (talks) than the fog of war.

Member comments

  1. No matter what you British think about us French and Macron, one can’t say that we are not trying. Last week we brought the two sides together, and they agreed to a de-escalation of the situation, this week the two leaders met. What has the British court jester done? A telephone call that didn’t happen, a photo opportunity trip to the Ukraine and sending Truss to inflame the conflict even more. Oh, and the threat of checking on money laundering because a few rich Russians have spent their money in London.

    1. Macron said this morning that he had a commitment from Putin that there would be no further escalation . Putin’s spokesman has now denied that. So, either the agreement was never made or it didn’t even survive the flight home. Meanwhile , the President of Ukraine has simply put out a statement saying that ‘appeasement doesn’t work’.

    2. Putin’s spokesman has already contradicted Macron and said there is no agreement not to escalate further. To that end, a new Russian fleet is currently assembling in the Med. Meanwhile, the Ukraine President has said simply that ‘appeasement only encourages aggression’.

  2. I think that monsieur Macron is doing an excellent job as a statesman for the European Union, he is in a very difficult negotiating position, he is engaging with EU member states and Russia to find an acceptable outcome for all parties. The only other EU leader with sufficient respect and standing in my opinion who could have tried to find a solution was Angela Merkel, however monsieur Macron is not afraid to step up to the plate, so bravo and good luck.

  3. Macron’s claim that Putin has given a commitment not to escalate is looking a little fragile. Not only has Putin denied there was any commitment given, he is now assembling a fleet of 140 ships and 10000 troops in the Med. The first of them passed through the Straits of Gibraltar a couple of hours ago and must have been at sea when Putin and Macron were having their chat. As the President of Ukraine said today ‘ Appeasement just encourages aggression’.

  4. Macron is doing the best he can to deescalate tensions over Ukraine, the Minsk agreement is a good blueprint for moving forward and both parties, Russia and Ukraine need to abide by it, it is the only way war or the threat of war can be averted on the European continent. The Brits and other NATO countrues are way too partisan in this conflict.

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POLICE

France proposes getting rid of penalties for ‘minor’ speeding offences

The French government is considering changing speeding laws so that drivers will not lose points on their licence if they are caught going just a few kilometres over the speed limit.

France proposes getting rid of penalties for 'minor' speeding offences

France’s Interior Ministry is considering changing its current rules for minor speeding violations – proposing getting rid of the penalty for drivers who only violate the rule by going just a few kilometres over the speed limit.

The Ministry has not laid out a timeline for when this could come into effect, but they said they are currently in the preliminary stages of studying how the change could be carried out.

“The fine of course remains,” said the Interior Ministry to French daily Le Parisien.

That is to say you can still be fined for going five kilometres over the speed limit, but there might not be any more lost points for driving a couple kilometres over the posted limit. 

READ ALSO These are the offences that can cost you points on your driving licence

Of the 13 million speeding tickets issued each year in France, 58 percent are for speeding violations of less than 5 km per hour over the limit, with many coming from automated radar machines.

How does the current rule work?

The rule itself is already a bit flexible, depending on where the speeding violation occurs.

If the violation happens in an urban area or low-speed zone (under 50 km per hour limit), then it is considered a 4th class offence, which involves a fixed fine of €135. Drivers can also lose a point on their licences as a penalty for this offence. 

Whereas, on highways and high-speed roads, the consequences of speeding by 5 km per hour are less severe. The offence is only considered 3rd class, which means the fixed fine is €68. There is still the possibility of losing a point on your licence, however. 

How do people feel about this?

Pierre Chasseray, a representative from the organisation “40 Millions d’Automobilistes,” thinks the government should do away with all penalties for minor speeding offences, including fines. He told French daily Le Parisien that this is only a “first step.”

Meanwhile, others are concerned that the move to get rid of points-deductions could end up encouraging people to speed, as they’ll think there is no longer any consequence.

To avoid being accused of carelessness, France’s Interior Ministry is also promising to become “firmer” with regards to people who use other people’s licences in order to get out of losing points – say by sending their spouse’s or grandmother’s instead of their own after being caught speeding. The Interior Ministry plans to digitalise license and registration in an effort to combat this. 

Ultimately, if you are worried about running out of points on your licence, there are still ways to recover them.

You can recover your points after six months of driving without committing any other offences, and there are also awareness training courses that allow you to gain your points back. It should be noted, however, that these trainings typically cost between €150 and €250, and they do not allow you to regain more than four points.

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