ANALYSIS: Macron’s dilemma over the Franco-British fishing spat

With talks continuing - for now - on the vexed issue of post-Brexit fishing licences, John Lichfield looks at what happens next and the political risks for the French president.

Emmanuel Macron on a visit to a French fish market in 2018.
Emmanuel Macron on a visit to a French fish market in 2018. Photo: Stephane Mahe/AFP

The promised Franco-British war has been cancelled or maybe postponed. The row over 186 fishing licences (or 80 or 137) has not been resolved but there are signs that progress is being made below the surface.

The British Brexit minister Lord Frost and the French Europe minister Clément Beaune agreed in Paris on Thursday to meet again next week. Officially, they didn’t agree on much else, not even how many licences for small French boats to fish in English and Channel Islands inshore waters are disputed.

They would make a good double act – “Frosty and Beaune”. Frosty would have to be the funny one because his lordship’s presentation of the facts is never quite straight.

He peddles the claim that “98 percent” of post-Brexit fishing licences have been delivered by the UK to EU boats. The real figure for French boats in the inshore waters (6 to 12 miles) in dispute is nearer to 50 percent.

READ ALSO Why are France and the UK fighting about fish?

France has suspended its threatened sanctions against Britain, including lengthy administrative checks on all freight arriving at the Chunnel and Channel ports. Britain says that France was forced to back down because it had no support in Brussels. France says that all possible measures of ‘rétorsion‘ remain on the table but Britain has, finally, agreed to look at the licence row at high, political level.

One important advance, I understand, is that the British and Jersey governments have agreed to reconsider the question of licences for “replacement vessels” – new boats bought by French fishers which don’t have the required track record of fishing close to the English and Channel Islands shores in recent years. About 48 extra licences are involved.

There is no doubt that France wants a solution but is also wants more licences. It is unclear whether Boris Johnson’s government wants a solution or cares very much about fish either way.

There are senior figures in Paris and Brussels who fear that on fish – and on a fundamentally more important issue, Northern Ireland – the British government wants constantly to pull the bandages off Brexit wounds. It would much rather have the propaganda value of constant rows with Europe – and especially France – than patiently build a new relationship with the continent and Ireland.

My own guess is that the fish dispute can be resolved – I don’t say WILL be resolved – in the next few days. Northern Ireland is another matter. A big UK-EU confrontation on the Irish Sea trade border now looks likely, with Britain pulling the Article 16 “emergency brake” on the Brexit treaty.

In the context of a very serious UK-EU confrontation on Northern Ireland, which could unravel the whole Brexit treaty, it’s difficult to imagine a Franco-British “side deal” on fish.

But what does French public opinion make of the fish war (temporarily postponed)? It directly affects, at most, 1,000 people and an infinitesimal part of French GDP.

The suggestion in pro-Brexit British media that President Emmanuel Macron has invented the row for political reasons – just to be seen to be bashing the British before next April’s presidential election – is absurd. There are few French votes in fish and almost none in bashing Britain.

The licence dispute has been covered in reasonable detail by the French national media – and much greater detail by Ouest France and La Voix du Nord, the excellent regional newspapers which circulate in Brittany, Normandy and the Pas de Calais.

There has been none of the jingoistic and misinformed  nonsense which has occupied the front pages of even once serious British newspapers like the Daily Telegraph in recent days.

On the other hand, Macron has put himself in an exposed position with the threat to disrupt, in effect, British truck traffic to the continent if no agreement is reached.

Legally, France has a right to do so. Individual EU member states decide how to implement the European rules for trade with “third countries” (which is what Britain now is).

The allegations that France is already imposing onerous checks on the southern side of the Channel are, I’m told, untrue. There are many other finnicky EU rules which France has chosen to ignore or suspend. Paris would be within its legal rights to “work to the rule book” in retaliation for a no-deal on fish licences.

It would not take much of an extra check on each lorry arriving in Calais or Dieppe or Ouistreham to create huge queues on the English side of the Channel.  By immobilising trucks, this would rapidly also gum up EU exports to Britain – just before Christmas and at a time when UK supply chains are already stretched to breaking point.

Hence Macron’s dilemma – or trilemma. He has a legal right to carry out the threat if Britain fails to resolve the fish licence row. But it would be a big political escalation to do so. Brussels and other EU governments might not be happy (especially while there is still some hope of resolving the Northern Ireland sea border dispute).

On the other hand, Macron has also placed himself in a position where there would be domestic and electoral political risks in NOT going ahead with his threat to impede UK trade.

There may be few French votes in fish but Macron’s rivals in next year’s election would be delighted to accuse him of talking tough and acting weak. They don’t care a sprat for French fishers but they would be delighted to accuse him of betraying them.

Oh what a lovely war.

Member comments

  1. No point in UK rushing to issue more licences, or indeed any. If A16 is implemented and , according to the EU, that risks the whole Agreement unravelling, then all fishing rights will fall by the wayside. So, it seems, fish and the Protocol are kind of linked.

  2. If The French do gum up the borders as the article mentions it will presumably affect imports to UK. But at a time when France is experiencing loss of productivity in wine output, holiday makers, restaurants etc DOES IT REALLY WANT TO REDUCE ITS EXPORTS TO UK. THE NOSE AND FACE COME TO MIND.

  3. It would be nice to see the French, and the EU, throw the book at the UK. Even when it was part of the EU it behaved like a petulant child, throwing tantrums and issuing threats to get its own way, and was blatantly obstructive when it came to votes on some very important issues. So yes, maybe it is time to call bullshit on the UK and actually cut them off, even if it hurts businesses this side in the short term.

      1. Take the Union Jack glasses off and you may see things differently…those of us that grew up in countries on the receiving end of British ‘exceptionalism’ know only too well how much nastiness lurks beneath the surface…one thing to say for the current British regime…at least some of that rot has been dragged out into the daylight.

  4. The idea that Macron is not using the fish dispute for political gain is ridiculous, especially after AUKUS. But it is a total sideshow compared to Article 16 and the implications for the TCA and NI. If/when the UK triggers article 16 then the only real and immediate consequence will be a go slow at European ports. Because if the Eu decides to terminate the TCA then the UK will have achieved its aims in NI and will have time to renegotiate from a different position.

  5. Quite interesting that the French government’s tactic of threatening to cut the electricity supplies to Jersey in order to pressure them on the issue appears to be being copied by President Lukashenko of Belarus to use against the EU. Nice work.

Log in here to leave a comment.
Become a Member to leave a comment.
For members


French government clarifies post-Brexit rules on pets for second-home owners

Brexit hasn't just brought about changes in passport rules for humans, pets are also affected and now the French government has laid out the rules for pet passports for British second-home owners.

French government clarifies post-Brexit rules on pets for second-home owners

Pre-Brexit, people travelling between France and the UK could obtain an EU Pet Passport for their car, dog or ferret which ensured a hassle-free transport experience.

But since the UK left the EU things have become more complicated – and a lot more expensive – for UK residents wanting to travel to France with pets.

You can find a full breakdown of the new rules HERE, but the main difference for people living in the UK is that that they now need an Animal Health Certificate for travel.

Unlike the Pet Passport, a new ACH is required for each trip and vets charge around £100 (€118) for the certificate. So for people making multiple trips a year, especially those who have more than one pet, the charges can quickly mount up.

UK nationals who live in France can still benefit from the EU Pet Passport, but until now the situation for second-home owners has been a little unclear.

However the French Agriculture ministry has now published updated information on its website.

The rules state: “The veterinarian can only issue a French passport to an animal holding a UK/EU passport issued before January 1st, 2021, after verifying that the animal’s identification number has been registered in the Fichier national d’identification des carnivores domestiques (I-CAD).”

I-CAD is the national database that all residents of France must register their pets in – find full details HERE.

The ministry’s advice continues: “If not registered, the veterinarian may proceed to register the animal in I-CAD, if the animal’s stay in France is longer than 3 consecutive months, in accordance with Article 22 of the AM of August 1st, 2012 on the identification of domestic carnivores.”

So if you are staying in France for longer than 90 days (which usually requires a visa for humans) your pet can be registered and get a Pet Passport, but those staying less than three months at a time will have to continue to use the AHC.

The confusion had arisen for second-home owners because previously some vets had been happy to issue the Passport using proof of a French address, such as utility bills. The Ministry’s ruling, however, makes it clear that this is not allowed.

So here’s a full breakdown of the rules;

Living in France

If you are living in France full time your pet is entitled to an EU Pet Passport regardless of your nationality (which means your pet has more travel rights than you do. Although they probably still rely on you to drive the car/book the ferry tickets).

Your cat, dog or ferret must be fully up to date with their vaccinations and must be registered in the national pet database I-CAD (full details here).

Once issued, the EU Pet Passport is valid for the length of the animal’s life, although you must be sure to keep up with their rabies vaccinations. Vets in France usually charge between €50-€100 for a consultation and completing the Passport paperwork.

Living in the UK

If you are living in the UK and travelling to France (or the rest of the EU) you will need an Animal Health Certificate for your cat, dog or ferret.

The vaccination requirements are the same as for the EU Pet Passport, but an ACH is valid for only 10 days after issue for entry to the EU (and then for four months for onward travel within the EU).

So if you’re making multiple trips in a year you will need a new certificate each time.

UK vets charge around £100 (€118) for a certificate, although prices vary between practices. Veterinary associations in the UK are also warning of delays in issuing certificates as many people begin travelling again after the pandemic (often with new pets bought during lockdown), so you will need to book in advance. 

Second-home owners

Although previously some French vets had been happy to issue certificates with only proof of an address in France, the French government has now clarified the rules on this, requiring that pets be registered within the French domestic registry in order to get an EU Pet Passport.

This can only be done if the pet is staying in France for more than three months. The three months must be consecutive, not over the course of a year.

UK pets’ owners will normally require a visa if they want to stay in France for more than three months at a time (unless they have dual nationality with an EU country) – find full details on the rules for people HERE.