Post-Brexit deal announced for holders of UK driving licences in France

Once of the more painful post-Brexit sagas for Brits living in France appears to have been resolved with an announcement on Thursday of an agreement on the recognition of UK driving licences.

Post-Brexit deal announced for holders of UK driving licences in France
Photo: Adrian Dennis/AFP

For several years UK driving licence holders living in France have been in limbo – told that they need to exchange their licence for a French one but unable to complete the exchange due to the lack of a post-Brexit agreement between the French and UK governments.

However, on Thursday the British Embassy in Paris announced that an agreement had finally been reached.

The announcement from the UK government stated: “The UK and France have agreed new arrangements for recognising and exchanging UK driving licences in France.

“Under the new arrangements:

“If your UK driving licence was issued before January 1st 2021 – Your licence is recognised in France for as long as it is valid.

“If your UK licence has expired, or is due to expire, you will be able to exchange it for a French licence. When you have applied you will receive your attestation de dépôt sécurisée. You can use this document to drive in France until your new licence arrives.

“If your UK driving licence was issued on or after January 1st 2021 – You will be able to continue using your licence for up to 1 year from the date of issue of your residency permit. If you intend to stay in France longer than 1 year, you must exchange your UK licence for a French licence during this first year. You will not need to take a driving test.”

For a detailed breakdown of the new rules and system, click HERE.

This information refers to both the expiry of photo card and original paper driving licences issued in the UK (more info below).

The system to exchange for people who do need to do so is not yet live, but this is expected to be so in the next few weeks.

This applies only to UK licence holders living in France, British tourists and visitors can continue to drive on their UK licence, do not need to exchange it and do not need an International Driver’s Permit.

UK licence holders living in France had previously been told they would need to exchange their licence by the end of 2021 in order to avoid having to take a French driving test.

The new arrangements appear to mean that the majority of Brits living in France will now not have to make an exchange immediately, and can instead wait until their licence is near to expiry to make the swap.

More detail was provided by Kim Cranstoun, who runs the Facebook group Applying for a French Driving Licence.

She said: “Licences and Photocards issued before December 31st 2020 will continue to be recognised as legal and will be eligible for exchange six months before the expiry date of :

  • Photocard 4b
  • Photocard column 11
  • Original paper UK licence at 70

“A WARP Withdrawal Agreement Residence Permit (Article 50 Tue) will be required for UK citizens, or a carte de séjour if you are required to hold one for application. If you hold EU citizenship, no changes to existing exchange procedure.”
There was also relief for the many who have been left in limbo and unable to drive after their licences expired before the new announcement was made.
She added: “All Licences and Photocards issued before December 31st 2020 but which have now expired, whether before December 31st 2020 or since whilst waiting for the new system to go live, will be eligible for exchange.”
“This won’t be a quick process but once your application moves to the request to submit your licence you will receive an Attestation de Depot de Permis de Conduire (temporary licence) whist your French licence is being finalised.”

The driving licence issue has been a long, confusing and highly frustrating saga, marked by several changes in the official advice.

In the aftermath of the 2016 Brexit referendum, the British government told all British people living in France that they would need to exchange their driving licence for a French one.

Thousands of people did so, completely overwhelming officials in the small department at Nantes préfecture which processes all requests for foreign licence exchanges. It resulted in a massive backlog of applications as well as many “lost” ones.

In 2019, French authorities issued a new directive – only people who fell into certain categories (such as those whose licence was lost or about to expire) needed to exchange their licence, everyone else could carry on driving on their UK one.

They then began work on clearing the backlog and also created a new online process to make applications easier. 

This meant that anyone who moved to France after 2019 has never been allowed to make an application to exchange their licence.

When the Brexit transition period ended on January 1st, 2021 a complete block came in on exchanging licences while the two governments attempted to agree a reciprocal agreement.

This left people whose licence was about to expire trapped, unable to either renew their UK licence or exchange it for a French one.

The Local heard from many people, often elderly, who were left stranded in rural France with no driving licence.

Member comments

  1. if my uk driving license expires next year do i have to apply for a french one or can i renew my uk license?

    1. No because it will be issued after December 2020, you will have to exchange your UK licence for a French one. That’s how I read it.

  2. So if I read the article & information correctly all those British residents in France who applied by Ants site before December 2020 and who obtained official acknowledgment with a reference number are likely to be refused an exchange of licence. This is because of the new requirement (listed in article) to have a “Certificate of Entitlement” issued by the DVLA in UK. I have “googled” this document and cannot locate anything specifically applying to our position. As my DVLA licence expires in January 2022 I suppose I will have to submit a fresh application with the above additional document? If anyone has any information about where to locate this form on line I will appreciate that.

  3. This sounds good, but it leaves one problem. Our UK driving licences will show a British address. In my case this address is the one I moved from and sold when moving permanently to France. The DVLA insist on an address that you can be contacted at. However, I cannot change this address to a French one. Catch 22. This would make driving in the UK illegal. Any thoughts?

    1. DVLA is currently on strike. This possible requirement of a DVLA Certificate of Entitlement is strange. I still cannot find any applicable reference to this so called document and what purpose it serves ? After all you either have a valid DVLA Driving Licence or not to swap. I think the author of this article should explain in more detail and indicate why current applications to swap which have been acknowledged by e mail should not be processed ? Frankly The Local in this important matter is not serving subscribers well.

      1. When my wife and I exchanged our licences back in 2017 we applied to DVLA and received our certificate of entitlement, so this does exist. However, our tow sons are now going through the process and we as yet have found no reference to the certificate on the DVLA website. I can only assume that back in 2017 I just wrote to DVLA and that’s what we will be doing now.

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Revealed: The best cities in France to be a student

Every year, QS best student cities releases its ranking of the world's most student-friendly locations. This year four French cities made the list.

Revealed: The best cities in France to be a student

As a student, some cities are more attractive than others. Each year QS rankings assess 140 cities around the world based on what they have to offer students in terms of their affordability, quality of life, the opinions of former students who studied there, as well as general desirability, employer activity, and how many students live there. 

This year, for the 2023 ranking, five French cities – Paris, Lyon, Toulouse, and Montpellier – made the list, with Paris making the top 10. 

Paris, Lyon and Toulouse have been listed in the ‘best cities’ ranking for several years, but this will be the first year for Montpellier. In order to be included, the population must be a minimum of 250,000 people and the city must be home to at least two universities that have been listed in the QS World University Rankings.

READ ALSO 8 ways to save money as a student in France

This year, France’s cities have moved up in the list. Across the board, two factors improved: “student mix” and desirability. The former measures what proportion of the city is made up of students, as well as the diversity of students and the inclusivity of the city and country for students, while the latter measures general questions like safety, pollution, and how appealing the city is to respondents.

On the other hand, affordability and “student voice” – the rating students gave the city’s friendliness, sustainability, diversity, etc, as well as how many students continue to live there after graduation – went down this year. However, affordability has decreased across the board in student cities around the world. 

France’s cities

Paris – The French capital came in 8th place worldwide and remains an extremely attractive destination for potential students. Paris is home to nine institutions ranked on the QS World University Rankings, and scored well with employment prospects.

The city came in seventh place for “employer activity” this year. The ranking said this is due to Paris graduates being “highly respected by employers” and that “there are lots of international firms based in the city’s business district which frequently hire skilled graduates.” In the student survey, the prospect of being surrounded by “beautiful monuments, history and culture” was appealing, as well as Paris’ nightlife. 

READ ALSO These are the culture shocks you will experience as a foreign student in Paris

Lyon – The gastronomy centre of France ranked 45th in the world, scoring well in terms of “student mix” and affordability. Lyon was credited for low tuition fees for international students. In surveys, students reported enjoying the ‘diversity of students from across the world’ in Lyon.

Toulouse – La ville rose in France’s south west moved up eight places in the ranking this year. Making it into the top 100, Toulouse came out at 78th. Toulouse was praised for its cost of living, as the city offers significantly lower average costs for rent – for example, a one bedroom apartment in the city centre an average of €712 per month, compared to €1,410 in Paris.

Montpellier – This year was Montpellier’s debut on the list, ranking 199th. The city performed well for its first year, especially in terms of affordability – ranking 35th.  

What about the non-French cities?

An overall trend is that cities are becoming less affordable for students.

In terms of rankings, London, held onto its first place spot, which it has had for the past four years, while Seoul and Munich tied for second place. The other European cities to make the top 10 list were Zurich (4th) and Berlin (6th).