For members


These are the French sectors recruiting this summer

From picking wine grapes in Bordeaux to waiting tables at a Parisian bistro, France is looking to hire hundreds of thousands seasonal and full-time workers in 2021.

These are the French sectors recruiting this summer
Pickers unloading grapes at a vineyard in Espira-De-L'Agly, southern France in August 2020. Photo: Lionel BONAVENTURE / AFP

As restaurants across France prepare to fire up stoves after months of keeping closed as part of lockdown measures, owners are facing an unexpected challenge – many of their workers aren’t coming back.

“After the health crisis, restaurants are going to have a growth crisis,” Bernard Boutboul, a former restaurant manager who now advises owners worldwide at his Paris-based consultancy Gira, told AFP. “There’s going to be huge demand that they won’t be able to meet because they won’t have enough staff.”

Last summer, Parisians flocked to the capital’s café terraces when they reopened in June. Photo: BERTRAND GUAY / AFP

And restaurants are far from alone. Several French sectors have lost workers since the pandemic hit.

After a first two-month Covid lockdown last spring, France has kept restaurants, bars and cafés, but also cultural establishments, shut since October in a lockdown that will be lifted in stages starting May 19th.

IN DETAIL: France’s new calendar for reopening after Covid restrictions

So-called non-essential shops closed down in April during the partial lockdown that is now being eased, and other sectors such as wine and agriculture suffered the consequences of restaurants and bars keeping shut.

So as the country begins to reopen again, many employers are looking to hire.

Who’s hiring?

Restaurants are among the ones most desperate to fill their staff openings quickly, before the reopening of terraces planned for May 19th.

Of the 350,000 restaurant jobs normally in France, Boutboul expects that around a third have disappeared over the past year based on client surveys.

That figure is roughly in line with the 100,000 lost according to the UMIH restaurant and hotel lobby.

The wine sector is in the need of manpower for the upcoming grape harvest. Photo: FREDERICK FLORIN / AFP

A study by national employment agency Pôle Emploi, published on May 4th, sheds further light on the matter.

Based on the 1.9 million establishments included in the study, Pôle Emploi estimates that there are in total 2,723,286 job openings spread across several sectors in France – 30,000 more than in 2019, the last ‘normal’ work year.

Nearly 40 percent (963,815) of these jobs are in the service and tourism sector, including 90,899 waiter positions, 49,798 chef jobs, and 89,512 kitchen staff positions.

Some of these are full time positions, but most are seasonal job openings.

READ ALSO: What are the rules on short-term and seasonal work in France?

Hotel staff are in demand too with 43,806 job openings, and the winemaking sector is looking to fill 149,068 positions – of which nearly 143,000 are seasonal.

There are another 88,159 job openings in the agriculture sector (73,850 seasonal) for anyone eager to spend the summer working at a French farm.

Other than that, the health sector is still recruiting both home helps (83,088 jobs) and carers (85,683), and there are some 45,000 job openings for security agents.

Farms in France too will be looking to hire seasonal workers this year. Photo: Iroz Gaizka / AFP

Where are these jobs?

All of France’s regions are lacking manpower, as shown in the map below. But the ones with the most jobs to fill are the greater Paris region Île-de-France (477,333 jobs) and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes, in the south east, around Lyon (323,535 jobs).

The southern regions of Nouvelle Aquitanie, Occitanie and Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur all have over 245,000 job openings each.

READ ALSO: How easy is it to move to France if you don’t speak French

The darker the colour, the more job openings there are in that area:

Map: Pôle Emploi

Why are they lacking staff?

According to the study, 44.9 percent of the job openings will be difficult to fill because of a lack of qualified candidates.

This is because many people have switched sectors in the time since the pandemic hit last spring, for reasons that often include both the general economic situation and a rethinking of what they want in life.

The forced time off during the Covid-shutdown has given employees ample time to reconsider their choice of profession, which for restaurant workers meant working nights and weekends in a pressure-cooker environment is the norm, leaving little time for their own families and friends.

Scores of former chefs, sommeliers and room managers have expressed relief at finally taking off their aprons for good.

“I asked myself, apart from my job, what have I done with my life? Not much really. To tell the truth, I was 56 years old when I discovered the pleasure of eating with my family,” Thierry, who quit a head chef job in December, told Le Parisien daily on Thursday.

In the restaurant sector, chefs are also being lured away by “dark kitchens” that only prepare meals for delivery, which have seen a surge in demand during the lockdowns. 

“They’re really hurting us,” Felix Dumant, co-owner at the chic brasserie Aux Crus de Bourgogne in central Paris, told AFP.

“They can generate serious revenue with few employees, and they can pay chefs what we do but with much easier hours.”

So what are the chances of getting one of these jobs?

Travel restrictions last year left a gaping hole in sectors that depended on seasonal workers in the summer. This year, France is, together with the European Union, looking at using health passports to allow for international travel and hopefully boost tourism incomes in a sector that constitutes nearly 10 percent of its GDP.

That means qualified candidates that are allowed to travel to France are in demand, be it for picking grapes at a vineyard, working at a hotel by the coast or serving coffees at a Parisian café.

READ ALSO: How to write the perfect CV for getting a job in France

“There are lots of jobs available and not very many candidates,” Marc-Antoine Surand, the owner of Quedubon bistro, in a northeast corner of the capital, told AFP.

“It won’t be a problem at first but very quickly, when we open fully, it’s going to be problematic.”

“So we’re going to be looking very hard!”

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For members


How to get a summer job in France

As the summer holidays approach in France, many employers are looking for seasonal workers - so if you're looking for a summer job, here's how to go about it.

How to get a summer job in France

There are thousands of employment offers in France – a simple internet search for jobs d’été came up with numerous jobs boards offering work in France, while the government-backed Centre d’Information et de Documentation pour la Jeunesse (CIDJ) offers advice and information on all aspects of life for young people in France, including finding seasonal work and summer placements.

Sectors including agriculture, hospitality and tourism are always recruiting in the summer, seeking fruit-pickers, holiday camp workers and serving/hotel staff.

But what are the rules for people seeking summer jobs?

READ ALSO Vendange: What you really sign up for when you agree to help with the French wine harvest


Children from the age of 16 (under certain circumstances, the age limit drops to 14) who are legally resident in France can work as long as they have written authorisation from their parents or legal guardians. A model authorisation letter is available here

Those under the age of 18 cannot undertake certain jobs for health and safety reasons.

In the following circumstances, children as young as 14 or 15 can work during school holidays.

  • The holidays must last at least 14 days;
  • The child must work no more than half the days of the holiday – so, if a vacation period is two weeks, they can work for no more than one of those weeks;
  • The child is given ‘light duties’ that offer no risk to their safety, health, or development;
  • From the age of 15 and if the child has completed their troisieme education, a minor can register for an apprenticeship. 


Salary is usually paid monthly and will have a payslip. For those aged 18 and over, pay will be at least equal to the minimum wage.

 For those aged 14 to 17, who have less than six months’ professional experience, the minimum allowed rate is 80 percent of the minimum wage. For those aged 17 to 18, the rate rises to a minimum of 90 percent of France’s minimum wage.

  • The minimum wage in France is currently €10.85 gross per hour (€1,645.58 gross per month based on a 35-hour week);
  • the employment contract is fixed-term and can take different forms (fixed-term contract, seasonal employment contract, temporary employment contract, etc);
  • Seasonal employees are subject to the same obligations as the other employees of the company and have access to the same benefits (canteens, breaks, etc.).

Under 18s have certain additional protections:

  • between the ages of 14 and 16, during school holidays, employees on any contract cannot work more than 35 hours per week nor more than 7 hours per day;
  • They cannot work at night;
  • Those aged 14 to under 16 working during their school holidays can only be assigned to work which is not likely to harm their safety, their health or development.

Right to work in France

If you’re a French citizen or hold permanent residency in France then you have the right to work, but for foreigners there are extra restrictions.

Anyone who holds the passport of a EU/EEA country or Switzerland, is free to work in France or to travel to France seeking work without needing a visa or work permit.

Most other people will need permission to work in France – even if it’s only for a short period or for casual work such as grape-picking. Depending on your country of origin you may need a visa – everything you need to know about that is here.

In addition to the visa, you may also need a work permit, which is the responsibility of the employer.  To employ anyone in France for less than 90 days, an employer must get a temporary work permit – before the prospective employee applies for a short stay visa. This permit is then sent to the embassy at which the employee is applying for a visa.

If you come from countries including the UK, USA and Canada you can spend up to 90 days in France without a visa – but you may still need a work (convention d’accueil) if you want to work while you are here.

READ ALSO Six official websites to know if you’re planning to work in France

Certain countries have specific ‘seasonal worker’ visas on offer, for certain sectors which allows – for example – Canadians to come to France and work the ski season. 

Cash-in-hand jobs

Certain sectors which have a lot of casual workers – for example seasonal fruit-picking – do have cash-in-hand jobs, known in France as marché noir (black market) or simply travail au black (working on the black, or working illegally). 

This is of course illegal and working this way carries risks – as well as the possibility of losing your job if labour inspectors turn up you are also in a vulnerable position. If your employer suddenly decides not to pay you, or make unexpected deductions from your wages, there is very little you can do about it since you won’t have any kind of work contract.