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HEALTH

CovidTracker: Who is the 24-year-old behind France’s most viewed Covid graphs?

For nearly a year, the French public has been counting on a 24-year-old data-wiz to explain the latest Covid-19 developments. We sat down to chat with Guillaume Rozier, to ask why he spends his spare time creating Covid-charts for free.

CovidTracker: Who is the 24-year-old behind France's most viewed Covid graphs?
Guillaume Rozier. Photo: Guillaume Rozier

When Guillaume Rozier in October got a phone call from a hospital director in the south of France who wanted to thank him for his daily updates on the Covid-19 situation in France, it gave him pause.

“My first reaction was that I was very proud to have created something that is useful to people,” Rozier told The Local.

“My second reaction was: am I legitimate? Is it normal that hospitals lean on the work of a student?”

Rozier is better known as CovidTracker, the website on which he analyses the development of Covid-19 in France through colourful, self-made maps and graphs.

He shares his findings on his Twitter account, GRZ-CovidTracker, alongside bite-sized analysis, so that everyone – not just those with a particular eye for number crunching – can keep à jour with the epidemic.

With more than 30,400 followers, Rozier has become something of a celebrity in France since the pandemic hit last spring. 

But it was never his intention to become Monsieur CovidTracker, it just sort of happened. 

It started in March, 2020, before France really knew what Covid-19 was and what disastrous impact the novel coronavirus would have on its health system, economy and collective mental health.

“There was little talk of Covid in France at the time. But the situation in Italy was very tense. I wanted to see if we were headed in the same direction,” Rozier said.

Photo: Private

Back then Rozier was completing a graduate degree in computer science in Nancy, northeast France. He had specialised in big data, and mastered the practice of gathering large datasets to reveal patterns and trends. So he collected open data on France and Italy from the Johns Hopkins University in the United States and transferred them into what would become his first of many Covid charts.

“What surprised me was that we had exactly the same explosivity, the same rise in cases,” he said.

France mirrored Italy, by a delay of just eight-nine days. That meant Italy’s sufferings from Covid-19 would soon be felt in France. 

In retrospect this seems obvious, but at the time no one knew how the first wave of Covid-19 infections would unfold.

Rozier shared the graphs with family, friends and published them on Twitter.

As the virus gained in strength, spreading across the country at an increasingly rapid pace, people wanted more graphs. 

Eventually, the website CovidTracker was born.

Since the spring, the French public health agency Santé Publique France has published detailed breakdowns of case numbers and hospitalisation rates broken down by area, but the data is dense and not always presented in a user-friendly fashion.

“I never intended for this to become so big,” said Rozier. “Initially, I’d say to myself, ‘next week I’ll close down the site’. I really didn’t think I was the best person to do this, I thought someone else, more competent than me, would come along and do something better.”

But no one did and the project continued to grow. Rozier’s Twitter followers increased tenfold, until, that day in October, a hospital director called to thank Rozier for his work.

“Now that I know that hospitals are leaning on the information I provide, there’s a lot more pressure. If there is an error or a bug on the site, I know that it needs to be fixed straight away,”  he said.

“But it’s very important that it remains an amateur website. It’s important to keep that in mind when consulting the site.”

Rozier now works full time as a data science consultant and runs CovidTracker on his spare time – weekends and evenings – together with five other volunteers who joined the project later.

The website CovidTracker is open to everyone and free from ads, although Rozier recently opened up for people to give donations if they want.

When 78-year-old Mauricette became the first person to receive the Covid-19 vaccine in France on December 27th, CovidTracker got a sister tool, VaccineTracker, which tracks the progress of France’s vaccine programme.

But before long one big problem arose: “There was no data available,” Rozier said.

To find out how many people were vaccinated each day during the first couple of weeks of the programme he ransacked local newspapers, searching for updates on which nursing homes had injected their first doses. It was a tedious, slow process, and there was no way he would manage to compile an exhaustive dataset.

Then, one day, the health minister’s office contacted him directly to ask if he wanted the full data sent to his inbox. He said yes.

“But by the end of the week, I thought ‘this is wrong’,” he said.

The whole idea behind VaccinTracker was to build trust through transparency, providing everyone – not just Rozier – with full insight into France’s vaccination programme, a crucial service in a country that has a historically high level of vaccine scepticism. 

ANALYSIS: How worried does France need to be about its vaccine-sceptics?

He told the health ministry he would not update VaccinTracker until they opened up the data for everyone to access. That same night, the ministry sent out a press statement saying they would make the data open to the public. It is now updated daily on the TousAntiCovid track and trace app.

“There’s still a lot of data lacking,” he said.

Currently France – in common with most other European countries – publishes the total daily number of injections given without breaking them down by age, geography, or how many of the people have received a second dose – crucial information that Rozier hopes will soon become available.

While he still had no answer to the question he had asked himself back in autumn – is he the right person to be doing this – part of the response could maybe be found in what he called “the natural functioning of open data”.

The reasoning, offered by one of Rozier’s readers, goes like this: the state executes a task that it alone can do – collecting sensitive health data, anonymising it and publishing it in an exhaustive, daily manner.

“Then, it’s up to citizens to take that data and use it in a creative, innovative way that it them into something that has a real utility,” he said.

In a way, he explained, citizens went over the state’s work to highlight important information with colourful markers.

Whether it was the best solution, he did not know. 

“But it shows that transparency and open data is crucial to spur confidence in public institutions.”

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HEALTH

French vocab and prices: Your guide to visiting the dentist in France

From finding a dentist to treatment costs, plus the crucial bits of French vocab, here's everything you need to know about visiting the dentist in France.

French vocab and prices: Your guide to visiting the dentist in France

The dentist – as unjustly dreaded in France as they are anywhere else in the world.

But, while few, if any, of us enjoy visiting our friendly, neighbourhood chirurgien-dentiste, we all know that it’s important to care for our teeth and gums, so here’s what you need to know.

How to make an appointment

A simple web search for a dentiste or chirurgien-dentiste will bring up the contact details of local professionals. Then it’s a case of ringing up to make an appointment. There is no need to be registered with a dentist, you can visit anyone who has a free appointment, although you may prefer to keep your appointments with the same person if you are  having ongoing treatment.

Alternatively, sites such as Doctolib may allow you to book a slot online.

If you’re worried about remembering your French verb conjugation while you have a mouth full of blood, Doctolib also lets you know which languages your dentist speaks.

READ ALSO How to use the French medical website Doctolib

How much it costs

The government-set going rate for a dental check-up is €23 for dentists working in the public health system – which most do. As a result, 70 percent of that fee, paid at the time of the consultation, will be reimbursed for anyone who holds a carte vitale.

Check-ups last as long as the dentist needs to examine your teeth. If no additional work is required, it’s just a few minutes in the chair.

If you require additional work, then how much you pay goes up – along with the time it takes. A basic filling, for example, costs €26.97, of which €18.88 is reimbursed. Descaling adds €28.92 to the initial bill, but is again partially reimbursed.

The upfront cost of root canal work on a molar, meanwhile, is €81.94, while extraction of a permanent tooth costs €33.44. 

The full price list is available on the Ameli website.

For any procedure that costs more than €70, your dentist will provide you with a written estimate, along with a number of options. 

Remember, these prices are for dentists operating in the state sector. Fees at private practices are higher.

What about crowns, implants or dentures?

Your dentist might offer you the option of a crown or implant instead of the basic treatments of fillings and extractions, but these are expensive and are usually not covered on the carte vitale, so here whether or not you have a mutuelle is important.

The top-up health cover known as a mutuelle – find more details here – will generally offer dental cover, but exactly what is covered depends on your policy.

If you require special treatment, make sure to consult the price list, as you will often have to pay up front before you can claim anything back. 

Dental hygienist/teeth-cleaning

If you like to visit the dentist regularly for a scale and polish you will need to check whether your dentist’s cabinet employs a hygiéniste dentaire (dental hygienist).

Most practices do but not all. If you’re going to a new practice it’s generally better to make an appointment first with the dentist for a check-up, and then ask for regular hygienist appointments.

Useful vocabulary

Dental surgery – un cabinet dentaire

Emergency dentist – un dentiste de service

I would like to make an appointment – je voudrais prendre un rendez-vous

I would like a check-up – je voudrais une visite de contrôle

It is an emergency – c’est une urgence

A tooth – une dent

Wisdom teeth – les dents de sagesse

A filling – une plombage or un pansement

une dévitalisation – root canal

I have broken a tooth – je me suis cassé une dent

I have a toothache – j’ai mal aux dents

My gums are bleeding – Mes gencives saignent

I have a cavity – J’ai une carie

My gums hurt – J’ai mal aux gencives

This one hurts – Celle-là me fait mal

These ones hurt – Celles-là me font mal

An abscess – Percer un abcès

Nerve – le nerf

An extraction – une extraction

Injection – une injection/une piqûre

Local anaesthetic – une anesthésie locale

Denture/s – les dentier/s or une prothèse dentaire/les prothèses dentaires

A crown – une couronne

A bridge – un bridge

ARRRRRRGH – AIIIIIIIIE (hopefully you won’t need this one)

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