Speaking to the lower house of French parliament, the prime minister said the vaccine “could be carried out from the last week of December,” if “all conditions are met”.
“We have favoured the most advanced vaccines, Moderna and Pfizer, others could arrive in the coming months despite the uncertainties,” he said.
The French government has ordered a total of around 200 million doses, which would be enough to inoculate 100 million people. The country has a population of just under 70 million.
France will receive around 1.16 million Covid-19 vaccine doses by year end, Castex said, adding another 2.3 million will arrive in the next two months.
Giving a breakdown, he said France will receive around 1.16 million doses by the end of the year, another 677,000 doses in early January, and around 1.6 million doses in February.
The prime minister also confirmed that vulnerable people would be the first ones to get the jab in France and that the general population would have to wait until a later phase of the vaccine programme.
“By targeting the most vulnerable groups, we are seeking to reduce mortality due to Covid-19 and prevent hospitalisations and, in particular, admissions into intensive care wards,” he said, adding:
“It is only at the end of spring that we will open the vaccination programme to the entire population.”
Castex said that the start of the vaccine campaign was conditional on approval from the European Medicines Agency, expected on December 21st.
France's Health Minister Olivier Véran previously laid out a detailed timetable for vaccinations, and the order they would be offered.
- Phase 1 – previously set to begin in January, the first phase could now start December. It will target the most vulnerable groups – residents in the country's Ehpad nursing homes, as well as Ehpad staff. This represents around 1 million people.
- Phase 2 – Beginning in February or March, this phase, which represents around 14 million people, and includes all those with risk factors for Covid-19. First will be people aged 74 or older, then the 65-74 age group, followed by healthcare workers and people aged 50 plus with risk factors for Covid-19 such as underlying health conditions.
- Phase 3 – from late spring, this will be opened up to the rest of the population (around 52 million people). This would begin with people aged 50 plus and keyworkers including teachers and retail staff before moving to people in precarious living situations such as the homeless, people who lived in a communal setting and then the rest of the population.