During the spring lockdown, the range of shops that were open were very limited indeed – basically you could leave your house to buy food and drink, and not much else.
But the second lockdown which began on October 30th is a more relaxed version with more businesses remaining open. This has lead to some confusion on what is allowed, and which box on the attestation form you should tick when leaving your home.
This time around there are more shops open than in the spring, but the basic rule of thumb here is that if the shop is open you can shop at it.
The rules for 'essential businesses' list which types of shops remain open so it doesn't matter whether other people consider your shopping basket of six different types of cheese essential or not (and if they don't, we don't want to talk to them), if you're shopping at an essential business then your purchases are essential.
If you're in large supermarkets, however, you will see certain types of aisles cordoned off, including clothes, books, toys, jewellery and music/DVDs.
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Toy sections are closed off in French supermarkets as toy shops had to close as 'non essential'. Photo: AFP
For this you tick the second box on the attestation – déplacements pour effectuer des achats de première nécessité dans des etablissements dont les activités demeurent autorisées (trips to buy essential items in businesses that are authorised to open).
In good news for festive types, the French government says that Christmas trees will be counted as essential purchases.
As well as shops selling actual things, more businesses that offer services are open this time around too, for example garages are open and offering appointments for car services and côntrole techniques and in most areas the déchetterie (recycling centre) is open.
Again, these are legally allowed to open so you are legally allowed to visit them and you would tick the same box as for grocery shopping.
Also open this time around are the administrative offices of the French state such as mairies and préfectures and in good news for foreigners they are still processing applications for cartes de séjour residency cards. If you have an appointment with an official body such as the préfecture, you tick the third from last box on the form – convocation judiciaire ou administrative et pour rendre dans un service public.
Click and collect
Many of the shops not permitted to open, such as florists and book stores, have this time been allowed to operate a 'click and collect' service, where you order in advance online or by phone and then go down and collect your purchases.
You are allowed to go out and collect them, and here you tick the same box as for grocery shopping, which has a a sub category for le retrait de commandes et les livraisons à domicile – collecting pre-ordered items. This also covers going to pick up a delivery that has ended up in a different location.
Many people have also asked us if there is a limit to the time you can spend shopping or the distance you can go. The answer to this is no, only trips out for exercise have the one-hour, 1km limit, but you should exercise some discretion.
READ ALSO The rules on exercising during lockdown
If you live in Paris and you're 10km from your home on a trip to buy bread, a gendarme might reasonably ask whether you couldn't have bought your baguette a little closer to home. If you're in the countryside, however, it's entirely possible that your nearest store is 10km away.
Likewise with the time limit, there's no necessity to do all your shopping within an hour, but if you're stopped at 5pm with a shopping form timed at 9am, questions may again be asked.
There is no limit on how many times you can go out shopping during the day, provided you have an new attestation for each trip. However the government has asked that everyone reduces their number of daily outings as much as possible.
As with all articles concerning the lockdown, we would point out that the rules are in place for a reason – France's Covid death toll has topped 40,000 and over the last week a person has died of Covid every four minutes. As France's health minister pointed out, the closer that we all stick to the rules, the sooner the lockdown can end.