How easy is it to move to France if you don’t speak French?

France has a bit of an international reputation for being very protective of its language - but how easy is it to move here if your French is still at beginner level?

How easy is it to move to France if you don't speak French?
What are your options if your French is still at beginner level? Photo: AFP

Daily life

How much French you will need for your daily life very much depends on your personal circumstances, but also where you are – in tourist hotspots like the French Riviera English is fairly widely spoken and in Paris plenty of people speak at least some level of English.

But don't expect everyone to speak English, especially in areas off the tourist trial – France regularly comes out towards the bottom of levels in English-language competency in countries around Europe and older people in particular often don't speak any English.

It's considered quite rude to just start talking to a French person in English and assuming they understand you so it's always better to have looked up in advance a phrase to cover your request – if the person you are talking to does speak English they will generally be happy to switch languages and help you out.

And always remember the one crucial French word – bonjour. Starting any interaction with the courtesy of a bonjour (or bonsoir if it's evening) is important if you don't want to come across as rude.  

READ ALSO EXPLAINED Why bonjour is the sacred word to French people

Depending on where you are, it's possible to stay within a 'bubble' of fellow Anglophones, although we would suggest that's less fun and less interesting than trying to immerse yourself in the local culture.

READ ALSO Where in France do all the Americans live?

Official information

Moving countries does require some paperwork and France is famous (infamous?) for its bureaucracy.

READ ALSO From dossier to notaire – what you need to know about French bureaucracy

Unlike in countries such as Sweden or Denmark where official information is regularly published in English as well as the local language, it's rare to find much official information in France in any language other than French.

There are some exceptions to this – the tax office has this page in English for foreign residents and certain sections of the government's visa website can also be found in English.

If you have questions about French healthcare, the state healthcare provider Ameli also has an English-language helpline on 09 74 75 36 46.

The newly created online portal to allow British residents in France to apply for post-Brexit residency is available in English, and France is also running a campaign called Choose France to lure new businesses and tech investors to the country which has resources in English.

Ski resorts offer jobs where speaking French is not a priority. Photo: AFP


But if you want to move to France to work you're likely to need more complex language skills than bonjour, une baguette s'il vous plaît.

Our sister title The Local Sweden runs articles on whether you really need to learn Swedish at all, given how widely English is spoken in Sweden, but that's not really an issue in France, where 99 percent of jobs will require you to speak at least some French.

That said, there are some options for work while you are improving your French – here are some of the most popular;

Au pair – this is a popular option for younger people. In exchange for domestic chores and childcare you get accommodation and time off during the day to go to language school. If you're coming from outside Europe there is a specific au pair visa.

English teacher – France has a lot of language schools and English is a sought-after skill. Some language schools offer packages where you teach English and get some free French lessons in exchange, but because of the abundance of candidates the pay is often pretty low.

Ski instructor – you obviously need to be able to ski before considering this one, but if you are a qualified instructor there are plenty of resorts in France that cater largely to British or American tourists so you won't need much French. If you are not a qualified instructor there are also plenty of seasonal jobs in ski resorts that don't require much French. Doing a ski season in France is popular with younger people but these jobs are generally pretty badly paid – albeit good fun. 

Bartender – unless you're working in a bar frequented only by English-speakers this is quite a hard job to do if you don't know any French at all. If you have the basics and are looking to improve, however, it's a great option and you will learn lots of colloquialisms and hear French as the locals speak it.

Freelance writing/editing – in an increasingly technological world it is of course now possible to live in France while working remotely for a company back in the USA/UK/Ireland. The pandemic has seen a big rise in remote-working for certain types of job so if you've been working from home since March, now might be the time to ask your company whether you couldn't equally well work remotely from a cute French village.

International Organisations – Global organisations like the OECD and the UN have offices in France and these generally have a very multinational staff and use both English and French as working languages so it's possible to work without being a fluent French speaker.

Tourist business – a lot of new arrivals also set up their own businesses in the tourist sector – running gîtes, B&Bs, bike hire etc and this is also possible to do if you're catering to a largely English-speaking clientele. You will need some French to ensure you've done all the complicated bureaucracy necessary to register your business though – find out more on that here

Slogging through a bit of French grammar is unfortunately unavoidable if you want to learn the language. Photo: AFP

Language learning 

But if you see your long or even medium term future in France, then you will want to learn French. While in certain areas of Spain it's quite common to find British immigrants who don't speak a word of the local language, in France this is more unusual and if you meet someone who speaks very little French it's likely they've not been here very long.

There are exceptions of course, but most people make at least some effort to learn French, even if they never quite master the the correct pronunciation of serrurerie (locksmith) or the city of Rheims.

READ ALSO The 9 French words that foreigners never quite pronounce right

And the good news is that there are plenty of resources to help you learn. In the cities – especially Paris – there are dozens of language schools doing either intensive tuition or evening classes and many also offer online programmes for those in rural areas.

As a native English speaker, you also have a valuable skill to offer in return and there are plenty of 'language swap' or 'French exchange' groups where you spend half the time speaking French and having a French native correcting you before switching to English and offering help and tips. 

French people – especially Parisians – have a bit of a reputation for being unhelpful to beginner French-speakers but that's really not been our experience. The majority of French people are keen to help if you are making a genuine effort with their language. You will often find your grammar or pronunciation corrected in everyday exchanges, but 95 percent of the time this is done with a helpful intent – just think of it as free language tuition and say merci



Member comments

  1. If you are working for a multinational, are self employed or retired, you can get by but the faster you pick up the language (to whatever degree you are able to) the easier life will be. My French is still terrible but with the various translation apps and human translators that can be hired as needed, I get by well enough.

  2. If you are in a larger city, young or retired with other étranger around you, you can survive. Of course if you come over with an employer fine.

    Otherwise, don’t do it. Even simple things like getting cars serviced are very difficult and embarrassing. If you have children you will need to communicate with the school and other agencies. It is not easy.

  3. If you move for work then you need basic skills and your employer will/should help with aquiring the skills before transfer. But if you’re moving here for a change of culture and becoming part of the French community, go somewhere where nobody understands or speaks your own language, pitch in and suffer nightly headaches after each challenging day. It’s a tough experience, but’s that’s in my view the only way to discover your real desire rather than just embark on an extended version of some wonderful vacation experiences.

  4. What a strange question: why would you want to MOVE (so, permanently) anywhere if you don’t speak the language??? I know that there are thousands of British retirees living in Spain for decades not being able to speak Spanish beyond ooona cervethaaaa porrr favorr, but this is an odd why of envisageing life out of your linguistic area.

  5. We moved to France, after Retiring at 65, 9 yrs. ago. We both had very basic French. One of the first things we did was to join a local association which offered French classes from basic to more advanced, to conversational. 9yrs. later we are still going to classes BUT in the meantime I became a French Citizen so I have a reasonable conversational level for most everyday and less challenging communications. BUT, again, I want to improve my speed, breadth and understanding of the language. We love our life in France, and despite some challenging times, I am so glad we made the move – we feel much more settled here and each time we visit the UK (which is rarely), we are always glad to get back to our corner of France again.

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For members


How to get a summer job in France

As the summer holidays approach in France, many employers are looking for seasonal workers - so if you're looking for a summer job, here's how to go about it.

How to get a summer job in France

There are thousands of employment offers in France – a simple internet search for jobs d’été came up with numerous jobs boards offering work in France, while the government-backed Centre d’Information et de Documentation pour la Jeunesse (CIDJ) offers advice and information on all aspects of life for young people in France, including finding seasonal work and summer placements.

Sectors including agriculture, hospitality and tourism are always recruiting in the summer, seeking fruit-pickers, holiday camp workers and serving/hotel staff.

But what are the rules for people seeking summer jobs?

READ ALSO Vendange: What you really sign up for when you agree to help with the French wine harvest


Children from the age of 16 (under certain circumstances, the age limit drops to 14) who are legally resident in France can work as long as they have written authorisation from their parents or legal guardians. A model authorisation letter is available here

Those under the age of 18 cannot undertake certain jobs for health and safety reasons.

In the following circumstances, children as young as 14 or 15 can work during school holidays.

  • The holidays must last at least 14 days;
  • The child must work no more than half the days of the holiday – so, if a vacation period is two weeks, they can work for no more than one of those weeks;
  • The child is given ‘light duties’ that offer no risk to their safety, health, or development;
  • From the age of 15 and if the child has completed their troisieme education, a minor can register for an apprenticeship. 


Salary is usually paid monthly and will have a payslip. For those aged 18 and over, pay will be at least equal to the minimum wage.

 For those aged 14 to 17, who have less than six months’ professional experience, the minimum allowed rate is 80 percent of the minimum wage. For those aged 17 to 18, the rate rises to a minimum of 90 percent of France’s minimum wage.

  • The minimum wage in France is currently €10.85 gross per hour (€1,645.58 gross per month based on a 35-hour week);
  • the employment contract is fixed-term and can take different forms (fixed-term contract, seasonal employment contract, temporary employment contract, etc);
  • Seasonal employees are subject to the same obligations as the other employees of the company and have access to the same benefits (canteens, breaks, etc.).

Under 18s have certain additional protections:

  • between the ages of 14 and 16, during school holidays, employees on any contract cannot work more than 35 hours per week nor more than 7 hours per day;
  • They cannot work at night;
  • Those aged 14 to under 16 working during their school holidays can only be assigned to work which is not likely to harm their safety, their health or development.

Right to work in France

If you’re a French citizen or hold permanent residency in France then you have the right to work, but for foreigners there are extra restrictions.

Anyone who holds the passport of a EU/EEA country or Switzerland, is free to work in France or to travel to France seeking work without needing a visa or work permit.

Most other people will need permission to work in France – even if it’s only for a short period or for casual work such as grape-picking. Depending on your country of origin you may need a visa – everything you need to know about that is here.

In addition to the visa, you may also need a work permit, which is the responsibility of the employer.  To employ anyone in France for less than 90 days, an employer must get a temporary work permit – before the prospective employee applies for a short stay visa. This permit is then sent to the embassy at which the employee is applying for a visa.

If you come from countries including the UK, USA and Canada you can spend up to 90 days in France without a visa – but you may still need a work (convention d’accueil) if you want to work while you are here.

READ ALSO Six official websites to know if you’re planning to work in France

Certain countries have specific ‘seasonal worker’ visas on offer, for certain sectors which allows – for example – Canadians to come to France and work the ski season. 

Cash-in-hand jobs

Certain sectors which have a lot of casual workers – for example seasonal fruit-picking – do have cash-in-hand jobs, known in France as marché noir (black market) or simply travail au black (working on the black, or working illegally). 

This is of course illegal and working this way carries risks – as well as the possibility of losing your job if labour inspectors turn up you are also in a vulnerable position. If your employer suddenly decides not to pay you, or make unexpected deductions from your wages, there is very little you can do about it since you won’t have any kind of work contract.