On Friday, October 30th, most of French businesses have to close, just like they had to in March when France entered its first round of strict, nationwide lockdown.
As was the case back then, there are a few exemptions to the rule.
All schools will remain open although with compulsory masks for children over 6 years old. Universities will close, however their libraries may stay open if they respect a set limit of people allowed to enter.
Bars and restaurants
Just like in March, bars and restaurants can continue to function on a minimum delivery and/or takeaway service, but they will have to close down their in-house servings.
All non-essential shops must close.
Food shops, supermarkets, pharmacies and other shops deemed as “essential” including boulangeries, cheese mongers, butchers, wine stores and tabacs (full list on the government's website available here) can stay open. This list is the same as it was back in March, and it could change after the prime minister's speech.
Bookshops, florists, toy shops and all other boutiques that are not on the government list must however close down. Government spokesperson Gabriel Attal later clarified that florists may keep open until Sunday evening, because of the Toussaint holiday.
French bookshops have asked the government to consider them as essential, but for now their request has not yet been granted.
Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo has also asked the government to consider to keep bookshops open.
— Lauren Collins (@laurenzcollins) October 28, 2020
On Friday government spokesman Gabriel Attal confirmed that markets, both indoor and outdoor ones would be allowed to remain open, although the wearing of face masks will remain obligatory.
Hairdressers, aestheticians and barbers
All of these, along with nail salons and other wellness institutes must close down.
Cinemas, theatres, museums and other venues
Parks and gardens
To the huge relief of many, the country's parks and gardens will not close down during this lockdown, which they did this spring. That means good news for those living within 1km of a park or garden.
Prime Minister Jean Castex on Thursday evening confirmed that beaches would stay open.
Gyms and swimming pools
Gyms already had closed down in all areas on a high alert levels, but now they will have to shut their doors temporarily across the country, along with swimming pools, dance halls and all other covered sporting areas.
“Only individual activities practiced outside will be authorised. Sports halls and gyms will be closed,” Castex said.
Post offices and banks
Post offices will stay open together with banks.
“Exemptions will be granted to go to public services. The post office and bank counters will also remain open,” Castex said.
Mairies (Town Halls), préfectures and other public offices such as pôle emploi job centres will stay open during the confinement.
Graveyards and cemeteries
These will stay open.
Factories and farms
These will stay open.
“All businesses that are not administratively closed will be able to continue to function normally. I am thinking of the service industry, design, industry, construction and agricultural activities,” the prime minister said.
Places of worship
We understand that all places of worship such as churches and mosques will stay open but ceremonies such as masses will not be allowed to take place after the Toussaint weekend on November 1st.
Trains, metros, buses and other public transport services will keep open during the lockdown, although Paris reduced its evening transport as of Wednesday.
Anyone taking public transport will however need to bring an attestation – permission slip – stating that their errand is essential.
Hotels, gites and campsites
Hotels “and similar establishments” will be allowed to stay open, as during the first lockdown. However, many will be forced to close anyway due to a lack of customers. They will have to close down their restaurants, although they may continue room service.
To be reviewed in 15 days
The government will reevaluate the situation in 15 days and might loosen up restrictions if things are looking better by then.
Macron said the government was hoping to reopen shops in time for the Christmas season.
“Let's hold on with a lot of rigour for 15 days and.. hopefully we can reopen some shops especially during this pre-Christmas period that is so important,” he said.