ANALYSIS: France enters lockdown again but how did we end up here?

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ANALYSIS: France enters lockdown again but how did we end up here?
Macron to speak to the nation, well to an empty bar in Paris. AFP

France has been being plunged back into a nationwide lockdown but who is to blame? Will the new confinement even work given schools and factories will stay open? John Lichfield looks at the reasons why France is suffering a nationwide deja-vu and if there's any way out.


It’s groundhog day. It’s a-whole-nation-grounded day for a second time. It’s déjà vu all over again.  

Despite multiple statements by the government that a new Covid lockdown was inconceivable, France has been plunged into lockdown once again and into a world of scribbled forms to leave home.

There will be significant differences from the first lockdown which began on March 17th. Schools will remain open. So will some factories and public offices. So will markets and parks.

But on Friday France became the first large country in the world to plunge into something approaching a full, second Covid-19 lockdown. Others may soon follow.

I fear that this lockdown will not be so passively accepted as the first. Already France has dissolved into multiple arguments and recriminations. 

It is too soon; it is too late. It is too harsh; it is too soft. It is not really a lockdown if schools and factories stay open. It’s the government’s fault for taking its eye off the ball in August-September. 

READ MORE: What are the rules for the France's second national lockdown?



It’s the fault of young people for enjoying themselves. It’s all our faults for talking a holiday from the virus in July-August and never properly coming back again.

There is some truth in all of these arguments. But this is not just a Franco-French epidemic. Please look around.  Spain, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and the UK – even disciplined Germany, even cautious Switzerland – are facing an uncontrolled second wave of a still poorly-understood and sly disease.

President Emmanuel Macron deserves some credit for taking the courageous decision last night to stand on his head in public and confess that his post-June strategy had failed. 

Test and trace was overwhelmed by a huge public demand for tests. Results were often slow, allowing infected people to continue to infect others. The Stop Covid mobile phone app was a flop. 

Looking back, the government took a wrong turning six weeks ago when it failed to take the advice of its scientific committee that “difficult new decisions” were urgently  needed. The Prime Minister Jean Castex was expected to announce a crackdown and – after a dramatic drumroll – he said nothing much.

The city by city or region by region curfews introduced two weeks ago have proved to be too little and too late.

The government – Macron included – was doubtless distracted by its €100 billion plan to relaunch the economy after the first wave. It was also misled – as many people were; as I was – by the comparatively benign shape of the early stages of the Second Wave. 

Cases began  to swell alarmingly from early September but over half of them had no symptoms. The number of deaths and acute cases remained small.


They have started to accelerate in the last three weeks. Deaths are averaging 230 a day. There are over 3,000 Covid patients in intensive care.. The government’s scientific committee fear that figure could triple in the next fortnight – overwhelming the 6,000 or so beds now available.

Is the government therefore wrong to keep some schools, factories and public offices open? Children, according to some  studies, are not spreaders of the virus. But what of the parents who must still congregate at school gates to collect them?

The consequence of the school closures from March to June was calamitous. A large cohort of children, especially in poorer areas, vanished from the radar. They were unwilling – or maybe in many cases unable – to follow the virtual teaching on-line.

There is an argument – mostly on the Left – that Macron is obsessed by the economy, rather than the nation’s health: that he is terrified by the prospect that France will be in the gutter economically when he fights the presidential election in 16 months’ time.

Schools must therefore be kept open so that parents can work. Factory workers must risk the virus so that France’s GDP – already likely to take a 5 to 10% hit this year - does not fall off a cliff. All pleasures  must be curtailed but work must go on. The nation is confined to a life of Boulot-Metro-Dodo (work-commute-sleep).

This is a foolish accusation. Of course, Macron is concerned for the nation’s prosperity. That’s what we pay him for. As he rightly said in his TV address on Wednesday night “there can be no successful economy in a health crisis with a virus spreading fast but there can be no state health system which survives without a strong economy to finance it.” 


He did not want, or expect, to have to close the country down again. He had counted on his €100 billion recovery programme to produce a robust rebound in the final months of this year and early next. He hoped that some of another €100 billion placed in savings by wealthier citizens since the health crisis began would pour back into the economy.

None of that will now happen. But Macron is surely right to try to prevent a complete shipwreck by keeping as much of the economy functioning as possible.

Politicians are politicians. No doubt the 2022 election is in Macron’s mind. But it will not help him to be re-elected if he has got the balance between lockdown and continued economic activity wrong. 

We will know in four weeks’ time.

You can follow John Lichfield on Twitter


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Anonymous 2020/11/18 15:46
I think it is the publique, ppl started like living like pendemic even don’t exist!
Anonymous 2020/10/30 07:07
Who is to blame? The public are. Those who go out ignoring social guidelines, especially people without masks!!! I see it every day. Trigger, you are to blame too for spreading misinformation. You sound like Trump. You an American?<br />
Anonymous 2020/10/29 23:43
Marcon is spineless politician. He rightly said that the great majority of those deaths are the very old with pre-existing conditions or people with a multitude of pre-existing conditions. Less than 0.3 percent of the population. Ie 99.97% of us all will be completely fine. Wearing masks is another problem. Many studies prove these are pointless, it gives people a false sense of security so they ignore social distancing and every time they adjust their mask they are infecting their hands and everything around them becomes infected. Marcon should have stated that he accepted the virus was uncontrollable and that continuous lockdowns were not a solution. He should with heavy heart say that hospitals will do what they can but that beds would be available only to those whom Doctors thought could be saved. Live must go on, people need to be treated for other problems they have, people have families to support and the mental stress of all this fear is causing lasting damage.
Anonymous 2020/10/29 17:38
Tough times. For my part I felt that, largely, the rules were being respected throughout the summer - mask wearing, distancing, restrictions indoors etc. We needed to open up the economy in the way that we did, carefully. But the reality is you cannot control behaviour in the private sphere and people will always relax when surrounded by friends and family for dinners and parties. I don't know that we could have done much differently aside from investing in more capacity for the health services to deal with this, and I think the 'second wave', as is generally the case with pandemics, was always going to come. Let's just hope that we turn the corner and next year resembles something much closer to normal.
Anonymous 2020/10/29 17:13
I agree with Karen. Thank you for providing a sensible view on this complex situation.
Anonymous 2020/10/29 15:18
I thought this was a very balanced and sensible article. Thank you.

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