EXPLAINED: The economic help schemes that businesses and the self-employed in France can now benefit from

All businesses in curfew zones will get access to the economic aid schemes in place to ease the blow from the new Covid-19 restrictions, France's economy minister said on Thursday.

EXPLAINED: The economic help schemes that businesses and the self-employed in France can now benefit from
Economy Minister Bruno Le Maire. Photo: AFP
“It makes more sense to strengthen economic support for businesses rather than having to deal with thousands of bankruptcies and booming unemployment,” Bruno Le Maire said.

This came the day after President Emmanuel Macron had declared that nine cities would be placed under a nightly curfew, to stem the spiralling Covid-19 rates in their areas.

To account for the negative impact the government's new Covid-19 measures had on certain sectors, Le Maire said the government had decided to strengthen the public economic help schemes in place.


Solidarity fund available to all

To soften the economic blow the 9pm-6am curfew would have on businesses, the “solidarity fund” – which gives economic help to self-employed and small business owners – would be extended to all businesses in the curfew zones.

The fund was already bolstered last week together with the government's furloughing scheme, after the government placed 11 cities on “maximum alert”, the official label that entails swift new restrictions.

“We will continue to protect employees for as long as the epidemic is here,” Le Maire promised then.


The fund will be available until the end of 2020 for the businesses in the hotel, restaurant and other sectors that can access the most generous grants. For the rest – businesses in curfew zones – it will be available for the duration of the curfew.

What is the solidarity fund?

Set up in March, the solidarity fund was meant to be a temporary help scheme for businesses that saw their incomes drop dramatically during lockdown.

The grants were capped at €1,500 maximum per month, a relatively small sum that was meant to help small businesses and self-employed make it to the other side of lockdown without going bust.

As the gravity of the virus’ impact on the French economy became clearer, the government added several billions into the scheme, prolonged its longevity and extended it to include businesses with up to 20 employees (from 10 previously). 

Last week the government raised this limit to 50 employees.

Who can access the solidarity fund?

Until recently, the fund was reserved for the tourism and hospitality sector.

Last week the government opened up for another 75,000 additional businesses in other professions that suffered suffered the consequences that Covid-19 had for tourism, cultural and sporting activities.

In curfew zones – the greater Paris region and eight other cities – the solidarity fund will be made available to all companies, “regardless of the sector to which they belong” for the entire duration of the curfew, Le Maire said.

To apply for a grant, a business must have seen their incomes drop by more than by 50 percent of their normal monthly takings (down from 70 percent previously).

How big are the grants?

The grants are monthly and capped at €1,500 maximum, or €10,000 maximum for the tourism or hospitality sectors, such as bars, restaurants.

Le Maire also specified that the comparison would be the three best months of 2019, rather than the annual average or the same month the previous year, as was the case until now. That means both be easier to access grants and that businesses will be able to get bigger amounts.

Businesses apply via the online tax system – click here and log in to your espace particulier to fill out the required form. For more information on the exact steps of the application process, read our article on how to apply here.

Chômage partiel

France's furloughing scheme was set up in order to prevent mass-layoffs during the lockdown when businesses saw their incomes drop.
Like similar schemes in other countries, the French government incentivised businesses to keep their employees by registering them as “partially unemployed” and let the state foot the bill for their salaries. 
After things started looking more promising on both the health front and the economic front this summer, the government began to phase out the scheme.
Le Maire said the state would ensure a 100 percent coverage (up from 85 percent currently) for businesses in hard-hit sectors that furloughed their employees.
Businesses in sectors such as tourism, events, sports and culture will be able to benefit from this scheme until the end of the year.

Other businesses can still access the scheme at the 85 percent rate. This is not limited to any specific sectors, businesses just need to be able to show that their earnings have been impacted by the pandemic.

Tax exemptions
All businesses that must close down due to the curfew will be exempt from what in France is called charges sociales (the social contributions that businesses make for each employee's pension, healthcare etc) for as long as these restrictions are in place, the economy minister said.
Businesses in the hospitality, tourism, events and sports sectors may also be exempt from these taxes if their incomes decrease by at least 50 percent during this period.
Businesses that suffered big economic losses this spring can also apply for a retroactive exemption for the period of February-May 2020.
State-backed loans
Special government-backed bank loans will be extended and made accessible until June 30th 2021.

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New French State aid to help older people make home improvements

A new accessibility scheme recently announced by the French government gives grants for home improvements such as installing a stair lift or widening a doorframe to allow wheelchair access - here is how you could benefit.

New French State aid to help older people make home improvements

According to a recent survey in France, the vast majority of retired people expressed a desire to stay in their homes long-term, rather than entering a care facility.

While there are several schemes by the French government to provide assistance for renovating homes in order to make them more accessible for elderly people, the newly announced “MaPrimeAdapt” seeks to streamline the process.

When was it announced?

MaPrimeAdapt was part of President Emmanuel Macron’s re-election campaign, with plans for it first announced by the president last November.

Most recently, the government aid was earmarked to receive funding in the upcoming 2023 budget, which also hopes to increase the number of nursing home employees, as well as boost public funding for care centres.

The budget is set to allocate €35 million to the National Housing Agency (ANAH) in 2023. In response, the ministry of housing said to Capital France that one of their top priorities is “a single aid for the adaptation of housing to ageing” that would replace several existing government subsidies.

What is the goal of Ma Prime Adapt?

Similar to Ma Prime Renov, this programme hopes to provide additional funding for home refurbishment.

But while Ma Prime Renov focuses on environmentally friendly home adaptations, Ma Prime Adapt aims to make it simpler for older people or those with disabilities to refurbish their homes in order to maintain their autonomy and avoid falls.  

The French government also aims to reduce the number of fatal or disabling falls of people aged 65 by at least 20 percent by 2024, and by 2032, the goal is for at least 680,000 homes to be adapted, particularly those of low-income older people.

Who can benefit?

According to reporting by Le Monde, this aid is not solely reserved for people who already have decreased mobility. 

Instead, it is intended for older people generally. When applying, the applicant must be able to demonstrate that they are an independent retiree and need (this could be based on income, age, health, etc) to adapt their housing in order to make it more accessible.

The amount of assistance offered will be means-tested based on financial status.

What types of work would qualify?

Some examples of work that might qualify for assistance might be:

  • adapting the bathroom (for example, adding grab bars or enlarging the door)
  • replacing the bathtub with a shower
  • installing a bathtub with a door
  • installing a stair lift
  • adding access ramps to the home

The benefit is not limited to those options – any project that aims to increase home accessibility for a senior could qualify, as long as it is not simply aesthetic-focused.

Can it be combined with Ma Prime Renov?

They have different criteria, but Ma Prime Renov and Ma Prime Adapt can be combined in order to provide maximum support to elderly people wishing to adapt and stay in their homes.

How can I apply?

In order to apply, you will be required to meet the conditions stated above, in addition to being able to demonstrate that the housing in question is at least 15 years old and that the amount of work being done would cost at least €1,500.

Keep in mind that the renovation will need to be carried out by a recognised building company or contractor – specifically one with the label “RGE.”

You will be able  toapply for the Ma Prime Adapt aid via France’s National Housing Agency (ANAH). A dedicated website will be created to facilitate the process, with a launch date TBC. 

On the site, you will submit an application form that includes the estimates of the work planned. According to Le Monde, €5,600 will be the maximum amount of aid to be offered, and the cost of work will be capped at €8,000. However, this information has not yet been published by the National Housing Agency. 

What have the other available schemes been?

Currently, retirees in France can apply for the “Habiter facile” scheme from the ANAH (Agence Nationale de l’Habitat), which also helps to finance work that promotes the ability of elderly people to remain in their homes.

“Bien vieillir chez soi” is a similar aid scheme which is offered by the CNAV (social security).

The elderly and disabled can also benefit from tax credits on accessibility or home adaptation work. 

These will likely be replaced by Ma Prime Adapt, which will combine all benefits into one package.