Paris and the petite couronne (Seine-Saint Denis, Val-de-Marne and Hauts-de-Seine) are among 12 areas have been declared areas of heightened risk or maximum risk on the government's new alert scale.
The government announced the measures on Wednesday, but the fine details of the restrictions are the responsibility of local authorities to thrash out.
Local authorities in Paris and its suburbs published their full plans over the weekend – here are the details.
#COVID19 | Le préfet de Police a pris ce jour un arrêté fixant les nouvelles mesures applicables à Paris, classé en zone rouge renforcée.
Consultez le détail de ces mesures ? pic.twitter.com/K3Wq9omLm7
— Préfecture de Police (@prefpolice) September 25, 2020
From Saturday, September 26th
- All gatherings of more than 1,000 people are banned
- Gatherings of more than 10 people are banned in public places including parks, gardens and the Bois de Vincennes and Bois de Boulogne.
- The 10-person limit also applies to private gatherings including weddings, yard sales and vintage markets. It does not apply to public transport or to funerals. Demonstrations or marches do not fall under the 10-person limit, but must be declared in advance to the authorities. Food markets can continue under the strict hygiene conditions that have been in place since June.
- All sports clubs and gyms are closed. The exceptions to this closure are school and after-school sports and open-air sports facilities and open air pools. Professional sports clubs can continue training.
- Contrary to earlier reports, swimming pools in Paris can stay open, with strict hygiene conditions. Paris' deputy mayor in charge of sports Pierre Rabadan, says he has also requested an exemption for children's sports clubs to continue.
From Monday, September 28th
- All bars must close at 10pm and remain closed until at least 6am. Restaurants are not affected by the closure. There has been some debate about what constitutes a bar and what is a restaurant, as the majority of bars and cafés in Paris do sell food. In their order the police have defined a bar as an establishment that holds only a IV category licence (to sell alcohol without food). The majority of Paris restaurants and cafés hold licences to sell alcohol with or without food – see more here. The health minister Olivier Véran justified this distinction by saying that customers in restaurants tend to stay seated and distanced. Authorities in Seine-Saint-Denis and Val-de-Marne have clarified that shisha bars will also be affected by the early closure rule.
- The sale and consumption of alcohol in public places is also banned between 10pm and 6am, so drinking in areas such as the banks of the Seine or the Canal-Saint-Martin – popular hangouts in good weather – will also be banned after 10pm.
- Playing music in a public place, or in a place audible to the public, is banned between 10pm and 6am.
- A ban on 'events of a festive or recreational character' including wedding receptions, students parties, festivals or organised gatherings in hired locations. Events of a cultural nature remain allowed, and the ban does not affect cinemas, museums or theatres which already have their own strict rules in place.
The restrictions are all in place for an initial period of 15 days – so restrictions that begin of Saturday last until October 9th and restrictions that begin on Monday last until October 11th – but they could be extended.
What happens after then depends on the Covid-19 situation and the risk level that the national government places Paris on. Risk levels are decided based on the number of new cases being reported and the situation in hospitals in the areas.
Paris police chief Didier Lallement added that officers would be on patrol in the city and surrounding suburbs to enforce the new restrictions, and fines would be issued for non compliance.
Restrictions in other cities
Paris and its suburbs are among the 11 areas in heightened alert along with the metropoles of Lyon, Lille, Montpellier, Bordeaux, Grenoble, Rennes, Rouen, Saint-Etienne, Toulouse and Nice.
The metropole area is a city and its surrounding suburbs and urban area.
Areas on heightened alert (red on the government's maps) must introduce a series of measures which the government has laid out the framework for, but local authorities can adapt the fine details to local conditions – for example bars must close by 10pm, but local authorities can impose an earlier closing time if they wish.
Restrictions mandated for red areas are;
- Maximum of 10 people gathering in public places
- Ban on events such as student parties and vintage sales
- Closure of community halls
- Closure of bars by 10pm (restaurants are not affected)
- Closure of sports halls and gyms. The closure of swimming pools is a decision for local authorities – Lyon and Lille have closed their pools but in Paris they remain open.
For the full details from your area, head to the website of you local préfecture.
The Aix-Marseille area – Marseille and its surrounding urban area – is so far the only part of France on maximum alert, which involves the complete closure of all bars and restaurants, along with the other measures mentioned above.
This measure has sparked protests from both bar owners and local authorities, some of whom have said that police will not enforce the measures despite the rapidly worsening situation in the area's hospitals.
The French government will be monitoring and updating the status of each part of France every week – we will keep this map updated with the latest on each area's status.