‘Uncomfortable but vital’ – Why three quarters of French people support tough mask rules

As face masks become compulsory in more and more places in France, a national poll showed that three-quarters of French people support wearing them in public. Gwendoline Gaudicheau went out to ask Parisians how they are adapting to the city's new rules.

'Uncomfortable but vital' - Why three quarters of French people support tough mask rules
All photos: AFP

Since Friday, masks have been compulsory in all outdoor public spaces in Paris and its suburbs. Over the weekend, other major French cities such as Bordeaux, Strasbourg and Orléans followed suit, while Marseille, Nice and Toulouse had already done so.

Masks are already compulsory in all indoor public spaces in France and from Tuesday will be compulsory for anyone in a shared workspace, while pupils going back to secondary school will also be wearing them in the classroom.


Following the poll that showed three quarters of French people support the idea of wearing masks outdoors, we headed out to speak to some people.

Florine Santoro, a 41-year-old stay at home mom, agrees with the new rule. “It’s fine for me,” she told The Local, “but I worry about my children because wearing a mask for them is complicated – one has asthma and I am afraid he might get sicker by wearing it”.

“For my kids, it is hard to understand that, after so many months without seeing their friends, they only get to see their eyes and play with them from afar”, said father-of-two and RATP employee, Mathieu.

If it might be easier for adults to grasp the idea, it is probably due to the threat of the €135 fine you can get if you are caught heading through the Parisian streets without a face protection – although there is now exception made for joggers and cyclists.  

A free pass that 28-year-old graphic designer Iris does not use. The Local meet her while she was jogging along the Canal de l’Ourcq, with her mask on. “To me it is even more important to have it now because when we run, we tend to breathe heavily with our mouth wide open and at first it was compulsory,” she explains.

Indeed, when the Préfecture de Police announced face-masks would become an obligation in the French capital last week, no exceptions existed. For many, it is complicated to understand what to do when the rules are regularly changing.

“Honestly I am lost regarding all the recent contradictions that were made around the mask”, confesses Mario Lawson, a young teaching assistant.

Désirée, 37 and unemployed, is also angry at the government, but for a different reason. “The mask is a good idea for rich people maybe, as everything is with Macron.”

“It’s inappropriate to leave us with the cost of the masks, as if we were responsible for Covid-19”, agrees André, a retired salesman.  

“The State and the French taxpayers cannot finance masks for everyone all the time,” the French president declared in an interview for TF1 in late July. Since then, many politicians, particularly from opposing parties, have asked for the face-protections to become free.

Yet, according to father-of-two Mathieu, it is too easy to blame the government for everything: “They did great in managing a crisis that nobody could have predicted. It is easy to criticise but what would have people done in their situation?”

Disagreeing with how Emmanuel Macron and his ministers handled the situation is one thing, but refusing to wear a mask because you think it goes against your freedom of liberty is another.

For a few weeks now, anti-masks movements have appeared in various European cities. On Saturday, protests happened in Berlin, London and Paris.

“I can understand because it’s a bit restraining to have it. We can’t smile or even wear lipstick and it is just getting sadder and sadder”, argues Marine, a 19-year-old student.

“To me it just seems like nowadays it is trendy to be against the government’s decisions”, disagrees her friend Alice.

For waiter Léo, this needs to be taken seriously. “They scare me. Ignorance is a powerful weapon and can be damaging, I hope there will be actions taken against them”.

During the protest in Paris 123 people were fined and one was arrested according to Le Parisien. But while the French are known for their protesting skills, the anti-mask demo only gathered around 200 people.

In Berlin more than 18,000 people marched.

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Health insurance: France to roll out smartphone version of carte vitale

France has begun a trial in eight areas of a smartphone version of the 'carte vitale' - the card required to access the French public health system - with the eventual aim of rolling out the app across the country. Here's how it will work.

Health insurance: France to roll out smartphone version of carte vitale

What is happening?

France is making changes to the carte vitale – the crucial card that allows residents of France to access the public health system. If you don’t have the card – here’s how to get it.

The new project involves replacing the physical card with a virtual one that is stored on your smartphone via an app.

The French government is beginning a pilot project in eight départements with the intention of expanding the system to cover the whole country in 2023.

The trial areas are; Bas-Rhin, Loire-Atlantique, Puy-de-Dôme, Saône-et-Loire, Sarthe, Seine-Maritime, Rhône and Alpes-Maritimes and the trials are voluntary for people who want to sign up. 

How does it work?

At present, the app is only available to those living in the trial areas mentioned above, and it can only be used by people who are already registered in the French system and have a carte vitale. It is not an alternative to the current registration process. 

If you have a carte vitale, however, you can transfer it onto your phone, which saves you having to remember to carry your card around.

You first download the app MonCV and then begin the sign-up process. In order to do this you will need your current card and social security number and will also have to go through a series of security steps including uploading a scan of your passport or ID card and then making a ‘short film’ of your face in order to verify your identity. 

Once registered, you can then use it at the doctor, pharmacist, vaccine centre or any other situation in which you previously used your carte vitale. You will be able to either show a QR code to scan, or scan your phone using NFC technology (similar to Metro and train smartphone tickets, which works even if your phone is turned off or out of battery).

Can you still use a card version?

Yes. If you don’t own a smartphone or are just not a fan of apps you can continue to use the physical card with no changes.

What does this change for healthcare access?

It doesn’t change anything in terms of your access to healthcare or paying for it, but some extra functions are set to be added to the app once the scheme is rolled out nationwide.

The first one is to link up your carte vitale with your mutuelle (complementary insurance) if you have it, so you don’t need to show extra proof from your insurance company in order to get full reimbursement.

The second is to add a ‘trusted person’ to your carte vitale, allowing them to use your card to, for example, pick up a prescription for you or to allow grandparents to take children to medical appointments (normally children are included on their parents’ card). 

Is this replacing the biometric carte vitale? 

You might remember talk earlier this year of a ‘biometric’ carte vitale, in which people would have to register biometric details such as their fingerprints in order to keep using their carte vitale.

This seems to have now been kicked into the long grass – it was a parliamentary amendment to a bill proposed by the centre-right Les Républicains party and was intended to combat prescription fraud.

Experts within the sector say that the costs and inconvenience of making everyone register their biometric details and get a new card far outweigh the costs of prescription fraud and the idea seems to have been put on the back burner for now.