When do the changes come into effect?
The new rules came into effect on Monday, July 20th, and run until further notice.
Dès lundi, le port du masque sera obligatoire dans les lieux clos comme l’a annoncé @JeanCastex. Cela concerne les commerces, établissements recevant du public, marchés couverts, banques…
Gestes barrières et dépistage restent essentiels pour lutter efficacement contre le virus.
— Olivier Véran (@olivierveran) July 18, 2020
When first announcing the new rule, president Emmanuel Macron said he wanted it in place by August 1st, but that timetable was sped up by Prime Minister Jean Castex amid concern at the rising number of Covid-19 cases in France.
What do the rules say?
The new rule is in addition to the rule which is already in force for public transport, which says that all users of public transport (including taxis and Ubers) must wear a mask or face a €135 fine.
The new rule makes it compulsory for everyone over the age of 11 to wear a mask in any indoor public space.
This includes shops, banks, libraries, retail centres, covered markets, government buildings and offices, museums and tourist sites – in short any establishment that receives members of the public.
The list also includes places of worship, hotels (in communal areas), covered sports facilities and temporary structures such as marquees.
La liste des lieux concernés par l’obligation du port du masque ⬇️ pic.twitter.com/6roMIufE18
— Olivier Véran (@olivierveran) July 20, 2020
For people working in communal offices, the government has said employers can decide on a case-by-case basis.
Cafés, bars and restaurants have a protocol in place – although enforcement of it has varied depending on the business – which requires customers to wear a mask when they enter and remove it only when seated at a table. Trips away from the table, for example to the toilet, will require a mask and sitting at the bar or counter is not allowed.
Any business or tourist site which is not in an enclosed space – for example the Eiffel Tower or the Monet gardens at Giverny – is within their rights to continue to require visitors to wear masks and to refuse entry to anyone who does not.
The government has not made masks compulsory on the street, but several local authorities have imposed their own extra rules on masks on the street and in outdoor markets.
Why the rule?
After a strict two-month lockdown France has gradually reopened and eased most of its lockdown restrictions, but there are concerns that this is leading to complacency around hygiene precautions such as social distancing and infections are beginning to rise.
Health authorities have flagged an increase in cases in several areas and called for increased vigilance.
As schools have broken up and people headed off on summer holidays or to visit relatives there is also a concern that the general 'holiday mood' is encouraging people to forget vital rules on social distancing – such as stopping the custom of the double cheek kiss greeting.
It is hoped that the stricter mask protocol will also remind people of the need to be careful.
France's new Prime Minister Jean Castex said the decree will be published on Monday or Tuesday, and be effective immediately. Photo: AFP
Will there be a fine for people who don't comply?
Yes, people not wearing a mask in enclosed public spaces face a fine of €135. If you are caught without one twice within 15 days, the fine can increase to €1,500.
Health minister Olivier Véran said that he hopes fines will not be necessary and people will wear the mask.
From my decidedly unscientific observation in a small French town, it seems that just knowing new rules are coming in has lead to more people wearing masks https://t.co/JtnGHVY7W3
— Emma Pearson (@LocalFR_Emma) July 17, 2020
He told France Info: “As soon as we tell the French that it is necessary to wear a mask, that it is indispensable in a closed environment, the French will apply it in large numbers.”