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HEALTH

What are the new rules in France for reopening cafés and restaurants?

French bars and restaurants will reopen in France from June 2nd although things won't be the same as before. Here's a look at some of the new rules and measures as well as what dining out might look like in the future.

What are the new rules in France for reopening cafés and restaurants?
AFP

The French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe confirmed on Thursday that bars, cafés and restaurants around France will be able to reopen from June 2nd.

The PM confirmed that the country’s bars and restaurants will only be able to fully reopen as normal in “green zones” – areas with low circulation of the coronavirus – as of June 2nd, the date that marks the beginning of the second phase.

But in the greater Paris region of Île-de-France, which is designated an “orange zone”, due to the higher circulation of the virus and higher number of hospital patients, things won't quite return to normal.

In Paris and the surrounding départements only the outside terraces of bars, cafés and restaurants will be allowed to open from June.

The French PM also announced a number of rules for restaurants:

  • All staff will have to wear masks
  • Customers must wear masks when moving around inside
  • Tables will be limited to a maximum of 10 people
  • All tables must be spaced at least one metre apart
  • Drinking at the bar will be forbidden as all clients inside the bars must be seated

 

Iconic Café de Flore in Paris might have to stay closed for the time being, while others reopen. Photo: AFP

Before the French PM's speech representatives from the restaurant sector thrashed out a 10-page manual mapping out guidelines for owners on how to safely reopen without putting their clients or staff at risk.

Here's a look at the main points of the industry guide:

Hand sanitiser and mask

Establishments to install hand sanitising gel at the entry so that customers can disinfect their hands before going in.

All customers to wear a mask when they enter a café, bar or restaurant or take it off once they have been seated.

Menus, tables, chairs and the like are to be disinfected between each customer.

Everyone will be asked to pay by card if they can.

One metre-distance

All tables will need to be spaced out by at least one metre and no table can seat more than 10 people.

Waiters will not be able to switch tables, so one table will be served by the same waiter throughout the meal.

Establishments will need to set up markers on the floor to space out of queues – bar queues, entry lines, toilet lines and so on – and more generally lower the limit of how many people they let in at once for these rules to be respected.

Buffets

There has been a lot of back-and-forth over whether buffets should be allowed to reopen or not, seeing as their self-serving nature increases the risk of spreading the virus.

In the document the restaurant representatives have sketched out strict rules for buffets, including introducing strict line systems and limiting how many people can serve themselves at once, plus installing “additional physical barriers” such as glasses or plastic walls protecting the areas.

Restaurants have been able to run a limited take-away and delivery service during the lockdown. Photo: AFP

Plastic barriers

Several bar and restaurant owners have already expressed desperation at the idea of having to install plexiglas or improvised plastic barriers between their employees and clients.

“It breaks the link, the contact (between people) that is so crucial to our business,” said Olivier Bertrand, who runs a group of 250 chain restaurants in France, to France Info.

But what exactly are these “physical walls” that are causing such a stir? 

The manual states that: “When it's needed, especially at entry points (receptions), extra physical barriers will be installed (glasses, temporary divisions).”

It does not specify the kind of barriers, probably to give some kind of leeway to the owners to find solutions suited to their establishment.

In Paris, one restaurant has prepared plastic cloches hanging from the ceiling that provide individual protection for each customer, as shown in the video below.

“I think everyone is adapting,” Matthieu Manzoni, who runs the restaurant H.A.N.D, told AFP.

“I have the weakness to think it could be amusing to some, and either way we don't have a choice, it's compulsory.”

 

People wearing a protective mask buy food to take away at a restaurant in Paris. Photo: AFP

Too expensive?

While owners are eager to get back in business, many worry for their future as the new rules will both imply extra costs to set up and reduce revenue due to the new limits on customers.

French chefs earlier warned that up to 40 percent of them might never reopen after the lockdown.

“And for those that do reopen, if they reopen at half capacity, how will they do it?
 
“I am pragmatic: my establishment serves 80 covers. If we go to 40, when I've organised my staff for double that, I'm going to have to let go of half the staff,” said Bordeaux-based chef Philippe Etchebest, who is also a judge on popular TV cookery competition Top Chef, told French media.
 

The government has promised financial help for the struggling sector, but many remain pessimistic about the future.

“The health rules change everything a little bit,” said Bertrand.

“Our whole business model is shaken up today.”

 

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POLITICS

Income tax, property grants and cigarettes: What’s in France’s 2023 budget?

France's finance minister has unveiled the government's financial plans for the next year, and says that his overall aim is to 'protect' households in France from inflation and rises in the cost of living - here's what he announced.

Income tax, property grants and cigarettes: What's in France's 2023 budget?

The 2023 Budget was formally presented to the Council of Ministers on Monday, before economy minister Bruno Le Maire announced the main details to the press. 

The budget must now be debated in parliament, and more details on certain packages will be revealed in the coming days, but here is the overview;

Inflation – two of the biggest measures to protect households from the rising cost of living had already been announced – gas and electricity prices will remain capped in 2023, albeit at the higher rate of 15 percent, while low-income households will get a €100-200 grant. The energy price cap is expected to cost the government €45 billion in 2023.

EXPLAINED: What your French energy bills will look like in 2023

Property renovations – the MaPrimeRenov scheme, which gives grants to householders for works that make their homes more energy-efficient, will be extended again into 2023, with a budget of €2.5 billion to distribute.

Income tax – the income tax scale will be indexed to inflation in 2023, so that workers who get a pay increase to cope with the rising cost of living don’t find themselves paying more income tax. “Disposable income after tax will remain the same for all households even if their salary increases,” reads the 2023 Budget.

Pay rises –  pay will increase for teachers, judges and other civil servants as inflation is forecast to reach 4.3 percent next year after 5.4 percent in 2022. Around €140 million is assigned to increase the salaries of non-teaching staff in schools. 

New jobs – nearly 11,000 more public employees will be hired, in a stark reversal of President Emmanuel Macron’s 2017 campaign promise to slash 120,000 public-sector jobs – 2,000 of these jobs will be in teaching. 

Small business help – firms with fewer than 10 employees and a turnover of less than €2 million will also benefit from the 15 percent price cap on energy bills in 2023. The finance ministry will put in place a simplified process for small businesses to claim this aid. In total €3 billion is available to help small businesses that are suffering because of rising costs. 

Refugees – In the context of the war in Ukraine, the government plans to finance 5,900 accommodation places for refugees and asylum seekers in various reception and emergency accommodation centres. The budget provides for a 6 percent increase in the “immigration, asylum and integration” budget.

Cigarettes – prime minister Elisabeth Borne had already announced that the price of cigarettes will rise “in line with inflation”.

Ministries – Le Maire also announced the budget allocation for the various ministries. The Labour ministry is the big winner with an increase of 42.8 percent compared to last year, coupled with the goal to reach full employment by 2027. Education gets an increase of €60.2 billion (or 6.5 percent more than in 2022), much of which will go on increasing teachers’ salaries, while the justice and environment ministries will also see increased budgets.

Conversely, there was a fall in spending for the finance ministry itself.

Borrowing –  the government will borrow a record €270 billion next year in order to finance the budget. “This is not a restrictive budget, nor an easy one – it’s a responsible and protective budget at a time of great uncertainties,” said Le Maire. 

The government is tabling on growth of one percent, a forecast Le Maire defended as “credible and pro-active” despite an estimate of just 0.5 percent GDP growth by the Bank of France, and 0.6 percent from economists at the OECD.

The public deficit is expected to reach five percent of GDP, as the EU has suspended the rules limiting deficit spending to three percent of GDP because of Russia’s war against Ukraine.

Parliament

The budget plans now need to be debated in parliament where they are likely to face fierce opposition. Emmanuel Macron’s centrist LREM party and its allies lost their majority in elections earlier this year.

Macron also plans to push ahead with a pension reform that would gradually start pushing up the official retirement age from 62 currently, setting up a standoff with unions and left-wing opposition parties.

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