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HEALTH

Has coronavirus really been found in the water in Paris?

Reports of coronavirus being found in the Paris water system have sparked concern, here's a look at exactly what happened.

Has coronavirus really been found in the water in Paris?
The Canal Ourcq, which runs through Paris. Photo: AFP

On Sunday, Paris City Hall announced that small traces of Covid19 had been found in the city's water.

While this sounds quite alarming, there are some things to be aware of.

1. It's not in the drinking water supply

The authorities were clear that the tests that found traces of the virus were in the city's eau non potable – non-drinking water.

The tests were done on water from the supply points for the city's street-cleaning trucks.

This water is taken from the river Seine or the Ourcq canal which runs through the city and is partially treated, but not to the same standard as drinking water. The water from these supply points is also used to supply ornamental fountains and ponds in the city's parks – although most of these are closed at present.

Paris authorities say they have stopped using this water for street cleaning while they run more tests.

Paris street cleaners are no longer using the non-drinking water network. Photo: AFP

2. The amounts detected are very small

Samples were taken from 27 water points and in four of them very small amounts of the virus were found.

“We are at the limit of detection points,” Laurent Moulin, microbiologist at the Eau de Paris research and development laboratory told BFMTV.

“We were able to find and confirm the faint trace of viral genome… We found 1,000 small pieces of virus genome per litre of non-drinking water, which is 3,000 to 5,000 times lower than the concentrations in raw sewage.”

It's actually not unusual to find traces like this in the water during an epidemic, as the virus enters the sewage system via the toilets of infected people.

Treatments plants remove most of it, but non-drinking water doesn't get the same level of treatment as tap water so some traces can remain.

“This is the case with every epidemic, which is why people say that you shouldn't bathe in rivers during major gastroenteritis epidemics, for example,” Paris deputy mayor Emmanuel Grégoire told France Info.

“There is no reason why coronavirus should escape the rule.”

3. There is extra testing 

The water in Paris is fairly regularly monitored, but testing has been stepped up in the context of the health situation.

The traces would not have been found under the normal testing regime, but were picked up by the extra level of testing.

“If we hadn't looked, we wouldn't have found it,' added Grégoire.

4. Use of the non drinking-water network was suspended

Despite saying that the amounts are tiny, Paris authorities have temporarily suspended the use of the non-drinking network for street cleaning, over fears that the fine spray of water thrown up by cleaning trucks could be inhaled.

The drinking water network is completely separate to the non-drinking water network, city authorities have stressed.

 

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HEALTH

French lawmakers push for abortion rights to be enshrined in constitution

After the seismic decision of the US Supreme Court on Friday, French MPs are calling for the right to abortion in France to be protected by the constitution.

French lawmakers push for abortion rights to be enshrined in constitution

Lawmakers from French President Emmanuel Macron’s Renaissance party are to propose a parliamentary bill on Saturday that would enshrine the right to abortion in the constitution. 

The move comes after the US Supreme Court overturned the landmark 1973 “Roe v. Wade” decision on Friday.

“In France we guarantee and advance the rights of women. We protect them,” said Aurore Bergé – the head of Renaissance in the Assemblée nationale and one of the key sponsors of the bill. 

Another co-sponsor, Marie-Pierre Rixain tweeted: “What happens in elsewhere cannot happen in France. We must protect the right to abortion for future generations. 

In 2018 and 2019, Emmanuel Macron’s party – which back then was known as La République en Marche – refused to back bills proposed by left-wing party, La France Insoumise, to enshrine abortion rights into the constitution. 

In a Saturday interview with France Inter, Bergé suggested that the success of Marine Le Pen’s Rassemblement National during parliamentary elections earlier this month had created a sense of newfound urgency. 

She described the far-right MPs as “fierce opponents of women’s access to abortion” and said it was important “to take no risk” in securing it. 

READ MORE France’s Macron condemns US abortion ruling

French Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne has come out in support of the bill. 

The left-wing opposition block, NUPES, also backs it and had planned to propose an identical piece legislation of its own on Monday. 

Macron is seeking parliamentary allies to pass reforms after his formation lost its majority in legislative elections earlier this month.

The legal timeframe to terminate a pregnancy in France was extended from 12 to 14 weeks in the last legislature.

Changing the constitution requires the National Assembly and Senate to adopt the same text, then a three-fifths majority of parliament sitting in congress. The other option is a referendum.

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