The three conditions France needs to meet before coronavirus lockdown can end

The French presidency has already announced that lockdown will be extended beyond April 15th, but what needs to happen before restrictions can be loosened? This is what the country's scientific council says need to happen in France before restrictions can be eased.

The three conditions France needs to meet before coronavirus lockdown can end
Strict border controls are among the recommendations. Photo: AFP

The Conseil Scientifique (scientific council) that advises the government say that three conditions need to be fulfilled before restrictions can be loosened.

On Tuesday, the council's leader Jean-François Delfraissy, listed the main demands that needed to be fulfilled before the déconfinement (unwinding of the lockdown) could begin. The council is advisory, so these are not legally binding.

Even once these are fulfilled, there will likely be a gradual loosening of restrictions rather than a complete lifting of the lockdown.

Immunologist Jean-François Delfraissy, left, with health minister Olivier Véran. Photo: AFP

1. Reduced pressure on hospitals

Crucially, the pressure on hospitals – especially on the intensive care units – will need to be alleviated before an unwinding of the lockdown can begin.

“The short term goal of the lockdown is to ease the pressure on the intensive care units by reducing the number of serious cases,” the Council wrote in a statement released on April 2nd.

One of the biggest challenges the country has faced since the outbreak turned into an epidemic has been the surge in the number of people needing urgent hospital care.

At the start of the outbreak there were just 5,000 intensive care beds for the whole country, this was rapidly expanded and at present there are more than 7,000 patients needing the highest level of care.

Hospitals in eastern France and the greater Paris region have been particularly hard hit and the government has intensified the transfer of patients between regions and has built a military hospital in Mulhouse, the town that was hit the earliest and became the country's coronavirus epicentre.

IN NUMBERS The mass evacuation of coronavirus patients from the worst hit areas of France

Patients are being evacuated from the worst hit areas in specially adapted trains. Photo: AFP

While the country's intensive care rates have been slowing down over the past week  – Wednesday saw the smallest net jump yet recorded (17) – the current state in the hospitals was still very pressured, the Council said this week.

2. Reduction in the number of new cases

The council says there must be a “significant reduction” in the number of new cases reported.

This is actually more tricky to calculate than it might seem, as the number of confirmed cases depends heavily on the scale of testing.

France is in the process of widening out its testing programme.

READ ALSO Coronavirus testing in France – how does it work and who gets tested?

At present it is mainly people with severe symptoms (and healthcare workers) who get tested and authorities have admitted that the real number of cases is likely to be much higher than the official total of 112,000 as people with only moderate symptoms who do not go to hospital never appear in the official statistics.

So as testing is widened it is likely that numbers will climb quite steeply.

However the Council says that “ideally, this reduction should be sufficiently significant to make the systematic detection of new cases possible again.”

At the beginning of the outbreak, new cases were confirmed with testing and everyone they had been in contact with was then tested. As the numbers grew this became impossible, but it looks like the Council would like to see a return to this type of model.

France is expanding its testing programme. Photo: AFP

Health minister Olivier Véran says the target for testing is 100,000 people a day, but the deadline for this is not until the end of June.

3. A full post-lockdown strategy is in place

There is a separate working group looking specifically at how the lockdown can be eased, but the Council recommends that any strategy for easing restrictions must include

  •  maintaining social distancing measures
  • ensuring that there is sufficient hospital and medical capacity, especially in the most affected regions
  • the implementation of procedures for the isolation of patients and their relatives
  • protection measures for vulnerable people but also for populations most at risk because of their situation, such as prisoners or migrants, and a border control policy
Prime Minister Edouard Philippe has already warned the population of France that the release will be a gradual process, although which restrictions will be lifted first has not been confirmed.
Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon has also also confirmed that easing restrictions will be gradual, with large public gatherings the last thing to be brought back.
President Emmanuel Macron is set to address the nation on Monday evening on the subject of lockdown continuation and what happens next.
Restrictions could be lifted on a regional basis, but a number of maps circulating on social media claiming to show which regions will be released first have been dismissed by the government as fake news.
The below map is probably the most accurate reflection of the lockdown at present, with regions either advised to restez chez vous (stay home) or restez chez vous bordel (stay home, for fuck's sake).





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How to adopt a pet from a French animal shelter

Around 300,000 pets are abandoned every year in France, many of them during the summer months. So if you're looking for a pet there are many lovely cats and dogs in shelters looking for a good home - here's how to go about it.

How to adopt a pet from a French animal shelter

Where to look

French animal welfare charity the Société Protectrice des Animaux (SPA) is an excellent place to start – it currently lists nearly 4,500 animals available for adoption. 

But there are lots of other smaller, local organisations – it may be worthwhile dropping in to see a local vet as they will generally know of local groups seeking homes for abandoned pets.

There will be paperwork

First-time buyers of cats or dogs have to sign a ‘certificate of commitment and understanding’ before they will be allowed to buy an animal, and the same applies to those looking to adopt. 

After the signed document is delivered to the authorities, future owners have seven days to change their mind – the idea is to prevent people from ‘impulsively’ buying or adopting pets only to abandon them later. 

The SPA, certainly, demands that would-be adopters are of legal age and are willing to take part in a “responsible adoption process”.

These things take time – as you should expect for a commitment that can last more than a decade. As the SPA website says, it seeks to ensure “that each decision is carefully considered and that the adopted animal matches its new family and way of life”.

The process may include home visits, interviews and discussions to help adopters find the animal to which they are best suited – older people may not cope well with an energetic puppy, for example.

READ ALSO What you need to know about owning a dog in France

Shelter animals

Some welfare organisations ensure their animals spend some time with ‘foster families’ until they are adopted. This means that the organisation has a pretty good idea how that animal is likely to behave when it gets to its new adopted home.

It is more difficult to judge an animal’s character if it has been kept in a pen in a shelter.

It will cost money

A financial contribution will most likely be requested by the organisation from which you are adopting. The sum will depend on the age and type of animal being adopted. 

The SPA, for example, asks for a donation to cover vets’ fees of between €250 and €300 for a dog, depending on its age, and €150 for a cat or a kitten.

Another well-known animal welfare organisation in France, Les Amis des Animaux, has a slightly different scale of fees covering the cost of chipping, vaccinations – including rabies/passport in mature animals, sterilisation, worming, et cetera. 

READ ALSO What you need to know about microchipping your pet in France

What else you need to know

Under French law, pet dogs – and cats and ferrets – over a certain age must be identified and registered on a national database. 

The animal must be identifiable by a tattoo or microchip – the latter is the most common method these days – that is registered on the Identification des carnivores domestiques (I-CAD) database

The procedure to insert the microchip, or ink the tattoo, must be carried out by an approved professional. The procedure should be done by a vet and costs between €40 and €70, the shelter will tell you whether your new pet already has a microchip or not.

You might not believe it if you have walked along certain streets in Paris, but you can be fined if you fail to pick up after your pet. 

The standard fine is €68, but the mayors of some towns have imposed stricter rules in the street, in parks, gardens and other public spaces. 

The French government’s Service Public website lists other rules regarding the health and wellbeing of pets. Read it here.