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HEALTH

Yes France’s coronavirus death toll is high, but that’s not the full story

The death toll in France from coronavirus is now above 15,000. But if you look a little closer at the statistics there is reason for hope.

Yes France's coronavirus death toll is high, but that's not the full story
The situation in France remains extremely serious but there is cause for optimism. Photo: AFP

French health authorities run daily briefings and the latest make for difficult reading – the death toll now stands at 15,729 – up from 10,000 a week ago and 4,000 the week before that.

This compares to 18,579 in Spain, 21,067 in Italy and 12,107 in the UK. 

Germany has recorded 3,495 deaths, Sweden 1,203 and Switzerland 1,190.

Every day in France hundreds more patients die in both hospitals and care homes.

READ ALSO ANALYSIS What next for the coronavirus epidemic in France

But while all that sounds relentlessly negative, looking closer at the data does provide some positives.

Death toll

While France appears to have one of the highest death tolls in Europe, many countries are at present only counting deaths in hospitals.

Italy and Spain only count hospital deaths, as does England and Wales (although Scotland does include care home deaths in its statistics).

But with elderly people with underlying health conditions proving the most vulnerable to coronavirus, France's Ehpad retirement homes have seen thousands of deaths.

Of the 15,729 deaths recorded in France, 10,129 were in hospital and 5,600 in care homes – suggesting that the real death toll in many countries could be a lot higher.

Care home deaths also account for the apparently huge jump in deaths from 4,032 on April 1st to 10,328 on April 7th.

At first France only recorded hospital deaths, then from April 2nd onwards began incorporating deaths in the country's 7,000 Ehpad nursing homes.

The nursing homes reported all deaths since the beginning of the outbreak, so many of the 'new' deaths recorded in that week had actually happened several weeks before.

 

The inclusion of data from nursing homes is not straightforward because many of their residents are already in a very fragile state, so it is not always possible to say that coronavirus was the cause of death. A programme of mass testing of Ehpad residents is now being rolled out.

It has also proved logistically difficult to collect data from nursing homes on a daily basis.

READ ALSO How coronavirus tore through France's nursing homes

On board one of the specially adapted trains taking patients out of the worst hit areas. Photo: AFP

Intensive care patients

There are currently 32,000 coronavirus patients in French hospitals and of those, 6,700 are so seriously ill that they require intensive care.

This has put massive pressure on the health system – which at the start of the outbreak only had 5,000 intensive care beds for the entire country.

 

Experts have repeatedly said that this is the key number to watch.

On average patients spend a week to 10 days in intensive care before they either recover or die, so the number of patients in intensive care provides the best indicator possible of the death rate for the coming days.

And while the number of the most seriously ill patients remains high, it has been steadily falling in recent days.

For the last six days in a row, France has recorded progressively fewer patients in intensive care.

“Although the situation is less tense now than some days ago, it's still tense,” said Célestin-Alexis Agbessi, a doctor working at the Bichat hospital in Paris, which now only takes coronavirus patients.

France's Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon added on Tuesday: “'We have seen a plateau for several days now, but the pandemic remains very active.”

The curve

There is much talk of 'the curve' compared between countries – or how the daily death tolls look when they are plotted on a graph.

 

Daily death tolls from France appear to have plateaued in recent days, although the daily death tolls remains high they are not significantly increasing.

The totals have stayed steady at 400-500 people per day, allowing for possible under-reporting over the long Easter weekend.

Graphs such as this tend to use hospital deaths because the data is updated every 24 hours and has been supplied since the beginning of the outbreak, so is easier to spot trends in.

Predicting trends is far from an exact science, but in Italy several days of similar death tolls were followed by a slow but steady drop.

However much depends on how strictly people obey the lockdown rules, with many worrying that the fine weather will encourage people to go out and about.

“A major factor in determining what happens next will be how the general public behaves.” said Daniel Camus, a professor at the Pasteur Institute in Lille researching the coronavirus.

“There's a tendency that some growth rates are slowing down, but that certainly does not mean that we have passed the peak and reached the second part of the epidemic curve.”

Nevertheless, the news is sufficiently good that the French government has laid out its roadmap for the end of the lockdown – although there will be no change before May 11th.

READ ALSO Lockdown in France – what happens next?

 

 

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POLITICS

‘Public opinion is ready’ – These French senators want to legalise marijuana

A group of 31 French senators of the Socialist, Green and Republican parties have come together to write a statement calling for the legalisation of marijuana in France.

'Public opinion is ready' - These French senators want to legalise marijuana

France is known for having some of the strictest laws regarding marijuana consumption in Europe – while simultaneously maintaining one of the highest rates of cannabis usage in the EU. 

A group of French senators – coming from the Socialist, Green and centre-right Les Républicains parties – are trying to change those laws, and have come together to call for marijuana to be legalised in France.

The group of 31 co-signed a statement published in French newspaper, Le Monde, on Wednesday, August 10th.

In the statement, the senators promised to launch a ‘consultation process’ to submit a bill to legalise marijuana “in the coming months.”

The proposition was headed by Senator Gilbert-Luc Devinaz, a member of the Socialist Party, and gained support from the party’s leader, Patrick Kanner.

READ MORE: The long and winding road towards changing France’s cannabis laws

A report by the Assemblé Nationale, which was published in May 2021, estimated that nearly 18 million French people (more than 25 percent of the population) had already consumed marijuana, and that an additional 1.5 million consume it regularly.

This, coupled with the 2019 finding that nearly one in two French people (45 percent) said they were in favour of legalisation, according to a survey by the French Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction (OFDT), helped strengthen the senators’ position.

“Public opinion is ready, the legislature must act,” they wrote.

Their senators argue that legalising marijuana in France will allow the authorities to better protect French citizens, saying that legalising would not require “minimising the health impacts of cannabis consumption” but rather would allow regulation similar to “public policies for tobacco, alcohol or gambling.”

For the group of 31 senators, the benefits of legalisation would involve a better control over the “health quality of products consumed,” “curbing trafficking in disadvantaged areas,” developing large-scale prevention plans,” and finally the taxation of cannabis products and redirection of law enforcement resources. Decriminalisation – in their opinion – would not be sufficient as this would simply “deprive authorities the ability to act,” in contrast to legalisation. 

READ MORE: Is France moving towards legalising cannabis for recreational purposes?

“In the long term, new tax revenues would be generated from the cannabis trade and from savings in the justice and police sectors”, which would make it possible to mobilize “significant resources for prevention as well as for rehabilitation and economic development,” wrote the senators.

In France, the conversation around cannabis has evolved in recent years – former Health Minister (and current government spokesman) Olivier Véran said to France Bleu in September 2021 that “countries that have gone towards legalisation have results better than those of France in the last ten years,” adding that he was interested in the potential therapeutic use of cannabis.

Currently, the drug is illegal in France. Previously, it fell under a 1970-law of illicit drug use, making it punishable with up to a year prison and an up to €3,750 fine.

However, in 2020, the government softened the penalties, making it possible for those caught consuming it to opt for an on-the-spot fine of €200.

There is also an ongoing trial involving 3,000 patients to test the impacts of medical marijuana usage, particularly with regard to pain relief. 

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