Since France went into full coronavirus crisis management mode on March 17th, all l trips outside the home have been banned except few, listed activities.
Everyone leaving their home must bring a signed, timed and dated permission form (link here), which justifies their reason for being out and about. From April 6th a smartphone version of this will be available.
This form states the accepted reasons for leaving home during lockdown. Walking the dog is one such legitimate reason.
The paragraph below – the one that concerns brief physical activity – is the one of concern to dog owners.
It says that you are allowed out for “brief trips, limited to an hour a day and no more than one kilometre from the home, either for an individual physical purpose (..), either to a walk together with people of the same household, or to fill the needs of animals.”
Source: French government
This paragraph existed in the original form that was issued at the first day of lockdown, but the government specified the details of it the new form from March 23rd, following general confusion on the rules outlined in the previous form – especially regarding this paragraph outlining the rules on physical activity.
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So what are the rules?
All outdoor physical activity – be it to exercise yourself or your dog – must happen in you own area, not further than one kilometre from your home address.
You are not allowed to be outside for more than one hour.
Before stepping out the door you must write down the time on your mandatory form. Again, the rule here is the same for dog owners as for anyone wishing to go for a quick run – the government wants as few people as possible out of their homes at all times to give the virus fewer chances to spread.
Nice's Promenade des Anglais has been closed off during the coronavirus lockdown – that includes furry friends. Photo: AFP
Do you have to go alone (apart from the dog)?
This has been a source of confusion. While the government's form specifically states that people in the same household can go for a walk together, there is an “either/or” between the alternatives of walking together with someone in your household or your pet.
The reason people are allowed to walk together when in the same household is to give leeway for parents to accompany children who are too young to go outside alone. The purpose is not to have full families walking outside together.
Dog owners and people with other types of pet that need to be taken out must walk them alone, according to the coronavirus hotline set up to answer questions regarding the lockdown.
Again, the overreaching goal is to limit the number of people walking outside at all times. If you are several in the household, it should suffice that one adult takes the dog out for a walk at the time.
If you are a single parent in the household with a child and a dog, you should however be able to go together with your child and your dog at the same time.
What happens if you overstep these rules?
Police are patrolling on the streets and the roads and anyone who is out without a form, or who is out for a reason that doesn't fall into one of the essential categories faces a fine of €135, or €200 if you are caught twice within a 15 day period.
More on what you risk if you break the lockdown rules here.
Walk the dog – promener le chien
Fine – amende
Short activities – déplacements brefs