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HEALTH

What we know about the 16-year-old girl who is France’s youngest coronavirus victim

Although the majority of the victims of coronavirus remain the elderly and people with pre-existing health conditions, on Thursday France announced that a 16-year-old girl had fallen victim to the illness.

What we know about the 16-year-old girl who is France's youngest coronavirus victim
Illustration photo: AFP

The girl, named as Julie by French media, becomes France's youngest victim of the illness.

Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon described her death as “tragic” and said that “severe forms of the virus in the young are extremely rare”.

 

As the death toll rose – on Thursday night a total of 1,696 people had died from the virus since the start of the outbreak – health authorities have stopped providing detailed breakdowns on each death, but say that it remains the case that the majority of people who have died in France have been elderly, had serious underlying health conditions or both.

But this was not the case for Julie.

The girl, a college student from Essonne in the greater Paris region, did not have serious underlying health problems, according to her older sister Manon.

“You have to stop thinking that this only affects the elderly. No one is invincible in the face of this virus,” her sister told French newspaper Le Parisien.

The family also told media that is happened very quickly, with Julie complaining of just a mild cough last week.

She got worse over the weekend and saw her general practitioner, who diagnosed respiratory illness.

She was taken to her local hospital in Essonne, then as her condition deteriorated she was transferred to the Necker children's hospital in Paris.

There she was intubated, but despite the best efforts of the medical team she died on Tuesday night.

Her case was unusual, doctors assured French media on Friday morning, saying she had been hit by an extremely aggressive variant of the virus.

Funerals in France are currently restricted to 10 people only, but her classmates are planning a memorial for her when schools resume after the lockdown.

A classmate described her as “very sociable, funny, kind, ambitious and a beloved young girl in school”.

 

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READER QUESTIONS

Reader question: Why does secular France have Catholic holidays?

You might not have thought about it too much as you enjoyed an extra day off work, but it is perhaps unexpected that France - proudly secular since 1905 - has so many public holidays based around Catholic festivals.

Reader question: Why does secular France have Catholic holidays?

Reader question: Why does France have Catholic holidays like Ascension, Assumption and Toussaints? I thought it was supposed to be a secular republic?

The French Republic is very proud of its secular principles but yet as some readers observed, many public holidays are linked to Catholic celebrations, a reminder of its religious history.

Roughly half of the public holidays in France represent Catholic events: Easter, Ascension (May 26th), Assumption (August 15th), Pentecost (for some people), All Saints’ day (November 1st) and of course Christmas.

If you live in Alsace-Moselle (formerly Alsace-Lorraine) you get two extra holidays, both religious ones – Good Friday (the Friday before Easter) and St Stephen’s Day (December 26th) – more on why that is later.

France’s secular stance takes its roots in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen of 1789 but was formally codified into law in 1905. 

France does not recognise, pay or subsidise any religion. So French local and national governments are not allowed to finance churches, mosques, synagogues or temples, and religious symbolism is not allowed in State buildings or for representatives of the State.

It is these rules that mean that, for example, French primary schools don’t perform nativity plays at Christmas and French female police officers are not permitted to wear the Muslim headscarf while on duty.

EXPLAINED What does France’s secularism really mean?

The flip side of this is that freedom of worship is also protected in the 1905 law, and everyone is allowed to practice whatever religion they choose in their private life.

The only exception to the secular rules are the three departments of Alsace-Moselle. When the 1905 law was passed the region was part of Germany and only became French again at the end of World War I. As part of the compromise agreed, today bishops, priests, rabbis and pastors have the status of civil servants and the state pays for the maintenance of religious buildings. Religious education in public schools is also preserved.

So all that seems to pretty strongly suggest that Catholic festivals should play no part in France’s holiday calendar and only the secular events – such as the Fête nationale on July 14th or VE Day on May 8th – should remain.

However, by the time secularism was formally codified into law in 1905 there was already a fairly fixed calendar of holidays and festivals – although this had already been slimmed down under the Napoleonic government in 1802 – and suddenly axing popular festivals was likely to go down pretty badly with the population at large.

Essentially then, this was a pragmatic compromise between tradition and secularism and over the years politicians have been understandably reluctant to tell the French they must lose their holidays.

But it’s noticeable that all the religious festivals in the calendar are Christian ones, and while this may reflect France’s history it’s not so representative of the current demographics, where an estimated 10 percent of the population either practice the Muslim faith or have a Muslim family background.

So could we see a scenario when we knock Ascension on the head but make Eid a public holiday?

It’s theoretically possible – in 2015 the French parliament voted through an amendment that would allow the départments of France’s Overseas Territories (Martinique, Gaudeloupe, Mayotte, Réunion and French Guiana) to switch a Catholic bank holiday for another religious celebration to suit different faiths in the local population.

However none of the overseas départements has yet made that move. 

A fresh amendment would be required to make the same move in mainland France, and there appears to be little political appetite for that at present.

What are France’s public holidays? 

  • January 1st: New Year’s Day
  • Good Friday (the Friday before Easter Monday, only a holiday in Alsace-Lorraine)
  • Easter Monday (movable date)
  • May 1st: May Day
  • May 8th: VE Day
  • May 26th: Ascension Day
  • Pentecost (movable date and no longer an official holiday)
  • July 14th – Bastille Day
  • August 15th – Assumption
  • November 1st – All Saints
  • November 11th – Armistice Day
  • December 25th – Christmas
  • December 26th – St Stephen’s Day (only a holiday in Alsace-Lorraine)
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