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HEALTH

France’s lockdown ‘should last at least 6 weeks’ as death toll tops 1,000

France's lockdown to stem the spread of the coronavirus epidemic should last for at least six weeks, says the country's scientific council, as the latest figures show that 240 more people have from the virus died in the past 24 hours.

France's lockdown 'should last at least 6 weeks' as death toll tops 1,000
Photo: AFP

The Comité analyse, recherche et expertise (CARE) set up to advise the French government has recommended a longer lockdown and stricter confinement as the death toll from the virus in the country continues to rise.

In the past 24 hours 240 people have died. This takes France's official death toll to 1,100 – but for the moment only counts people who have died in hospital, not people who died at home or in retirement homes.

There are currently 10,176 people in hospital, 2,516 of whom are in intensive care.

The daily death toll was also a sharp increase, from 186 on Monday and just over 100 a day over the weekend.

The council's role is advisory only and the final decision will be taken by the government, health minister Olivier Véran  said the figure of six weeks was an “estimation” and no one knew at this stage how long the confinement would last.

“They said that we need to be prepared that the confinement will last more than two weeks and that maybe it could be even more like five or six weeks,” he said.

“It (the lockdown) will last as long as it needs to,” he added.

The council of doctors, sociologists and mathematicians was created by the health ministry to advise President Emmanuel Macron and the government on the best way to combat the coronavirus.

The experts said that the lockdown was currently the “sole strategy that is realistic in operational terms,” adding that other strategies like mass testing or isolating all those who may have the virus were not realisable on a national scale.

It said three weeks of lockdown would be needed before an estimation of its impact can be made. It recommended the lockdown should continue until a post-confinement strategy was laid out and the pressure on hospitals had eased.

It also suggested a tightening of the restrictions may be necessary such as limiting non-essential work outside the home and imposing curfews.

France was put into lockdown on Tuesday, March 17th initially for 15 days, although a variety of ministers and health chiefs have said that is highly likely to be extended.

The lockdown orders all in France to stay inside except for essential trips outside such as shopping, exercise or visiting the doctor.

READ ALSO What are the rules of lockdown in France?

In neighbouring Italy the initial three-week lockdown has been extended, although the government has not said how long for.

Over the first week of lockdown in France, restrictions have been steadily tightened and fines for people caught outdoors without good reason have increased to €135.

Many local authorities have also added their own measures, with at least 20 towns declaring a curfew, some banning access to beaches and one département banning the sale of alcohol during the lockdown.

The scientific council also advised a much more widespread testing programme in France.

Currently only certain categories of people are tested, leading officials to say that the true number of cases in France is much higher than official figures.

READ ALSO Coronavirus testing in France – how does it work and who gets tested?

On Tuesday, Véran said that the country would be increasing its testing programme.

He said: “We are going to multiply the number of tests across the country.
 
“When the spread of the virus increased the recommendations were: test vulnerable people, test caregivers, test very sick people in hospital,” explained the minister.
 
“The World Health Organisation now says that we must be prepared to test more, especially when it is necessary to go out of the containment phase.”
 
Director General of Health Jérôme Salomon, giving his nightly briefing of the number of cases, also said that France would rapidly increase its testing programme.
 
He described the epidemic as “rapidly spreading”.
 

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POLITICS

‘Public opinion is ready’ – These French senators want to legalise marijuana

A group of 31 French senators of the Socialist, Green and Republican parties have come together to write a statement calling for the legalisation of marijuana in France.

'Public opinion is ready' - These French senators want to legalise marijuana

France is known for having some of the strictest laws regarding marijuana consumption in Europe – while simultaneously maintaining one of the highest rates of cannabis usage in the EU. 

A group of French senators – coming from the Socialist, Green and centre-right Les Républicains parties – are trying to change those laws, and have come together to call for marijuana to be legalised in France.

The group of 31 co-signed a statement published in French newspaper, Le Monde, on Wednesday, August 10th.

In the statement, the senators promised to launch a ‘consultation process’ to submit a bill to legalise marijuana “in the coming months.”

The proposition was headed by Senator Gilbert-Luc Devinaz, a member of the Socialist Party, and gained support from the party’s leader, Patrick Kanner.

READ MORE: The long and winding road towards changing France’s cannabis laws

A report by the Assemblé Nationale, which was published in May 2021, estimated that nearly 18 million French people (more than 25 percent of the population) had already consumed marijuana, and that an additional 1.5 million consume it regularly.

This, coupled with the 2019 finding that nearly one in two French people (45 percent) said they were in favour of legalisation, according to a survey by the French Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction (OFDT), helped strengthen the senators’ position.

“Public opinion is ready, the legislature must act,” they wrote.

Their senators argue that legalising marijuana in France will allow the authorities to better protect French citizens, saying that legalising would not require “minimising the health impacts of cannabis consumption” but rather would allow regulation similar to “public policies for tobacco, alcohol or gambling.”

For the group of 31 senators, the benefits of legalisation would involve a better control over the “health quality of products consumed,” “curbing trafficking in disadvantaged areas,” developing large-scale prevention plans,” and finally the taxation of cannabis products and redirection of law enforcement resources. Decriminalisation – in their opinion – would not be sufficient as this would simply “deprive authorities the ability to act,” in contrast to legalisation. 

READ MORE: Is France moving towards legalising cannabis for recreational purposes?

“In the long term, new tax revenues would be generated from the cannabis trade and from savings in the justice and police sectors”, which would make it possible to mobilize “significant resources for prevention as well as for rehabilitation and economic development,” wrote the senators.

In France, the conversation around cannabis has evolved in recent years – former Health Minister (and current government spokesman) Olivier Véran said to France Bleu in September 2021 that “countries that have gone towards legalisation have results better than those of France in the last ten years,” adding that he was interested in the potential therapeutic use of cannabis.

Currently, the drug is illegal in France. Previously, it fell under a 1970-law of illicit drug use, making it punishable with up to a year prison and an up to €3,750 fine.

However, in 2020, the government softened the penalties, making it possible for those caught consuming it to opt for an on-the-spot fine of €200.

There is also an ongoing trial involving 3,000 patients to test the impacts of medical marijuana usage, particularly with regard to pain relief. 

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