ANALYSIS: Why coronavirus could cause an outbreak of very nasty politics in France

We are all fighting ‘flu now and some of us are fighting it better than others. This is true of governments as well as individuals, writes John Lichfield.

ANALYSIS: Why coronavirus could cause an outbreak of very nasty politics in France
The health crisis could well lead to a political crisis. Photo: AFP

The initial politics of Covid-19 (yes, I know that it’s not quite the same as influenza) are the politics of look-what-the-neighbours-are-doing.  They may yet become something much nastier.

Many people in Britain, especially pro-Europeans, say that Emmanuel Macron reacted quicker and better than Boris Johnson. Many people in France, especially opponents of Emmanuel Macron, believe that the President was slow and evasive and made some incomprehensible choices.

For the latest on the situation in France, click here.

Was Macron too slow to impose a lockdown on France? Photo: AFP

Everyone thinks that Germany is getting it right, without being able to say what exactly they got right (not even the Germans). Everyone thinks that Spain’s reaction went seriously astray, without being able clearly to identify why.

Everyone thought that the Italians over-reacted two weeks ago. Now many people accept that the Italians got it right but may have been a little slow off the mark.

Many people criticised the scattered and selfish initial European Union responses. They may not have noticed that the EU is, belatedly, getting some things right. Germany is taking an overspill of French patients; a multi-billion Euros joint EU economic rescue programme is under discussion.

Everyone in Europe (and not just Europe) thinks that Donald Trump has performed disgracefully for weeks. Now, finally, Trump seems to have grasped that Coronovirus cannot be defeated, or exploited, with lies, bluster and appeals to racism.

Opinion polls in all countries have shown an immediate “crisis dividend” for governments. Macron has zoomed in the approval ratings by 13 points to 51 percent  – his highest for two years.

This will not last. After less than a week of confinement, public patience in France is already wearing thin. Opposition politicians are looking for opportunities to pounce.

Anger is growing – towards wealthy people who fled to their second homes; or towards multi-racial suburbs of French cities where the lock-down has been defied by a fringe of young people who consider themselves beyond the law.

There are reasons enough to criticise our leaders. There are also good reasons to support and sympathise with them as they fight a crushing, invisible enemy with faltering enthusiasm from their front line troops.

By front-line troops, I do not mean the heroic doctors and nurses who are risking their own lives, sometimes without adequate protection. 

I mean the rest of us. We have the prime responsibility to fight the greatest and scariest enemy of our lifetimes by doing what many find to be the hardest thing of all – nothing.

READ ALSO These are the rules of lockdown in France

Not everyone has been following the 'stay home' advice. Photo: AFP


Consider how agonising are the decisions which have confronted all our governments in the last month. Emmanuel Macron tried desperately to avoid the Italian doomsday solution of complete lockdown. He probably waited a few days too long.

He finally took the decision to close down large parts of the fifth largest western economy and place 60,000,000 people under house arrest (essential workers apart).

He came up with a vast state-funded economic programme which is intended to keep businesses afloat until the crisis passes.

The man elected to roll back the French state has imposed a programme of state control and de facto nationalisation which would have made Franklin D Roosevelt jealous and brought a smile to the lips of Joseph Stalin.

No business will be allowed to go bust. The state will fund generous unemployment pay for this laid off temporarily. Taxes and charges on all business will be suspended.

There is a bailout fund for freelances and owners of small companies. The state will guarantee €300bn of loans for bigger businesses.

In Britain, the Johnson government blustered and blathered but finally came up last Friday with an economic programme which looked remarkably similar to Macron’s (help for small businesses and freelances apart).

It may in the next couple of days be forced to follow France in imposing a legally enforceable lockdown.

Johnson is reported to believe that such things – state-enforced quarantine, written permission to go to the shops, fines – are fundamentally unBritish.

He believes that they cannot easily be imposed on the nation of Magna Carta and Habeas Corpus. As we are discovering, they cannot easily be imposed on any country.

Even those voluntary restrictions which are in force in Britain, such as closure of pubs and restaurants, followed a frank telephone call from Macron last week.

Unless Britain imposed more social distancing to slow the advance of Covid19, France would close the tunnel and Channel Ports – to trade not just people.

Johnson has got many things wrong. But Macron’s initial approach was also culpably passive  – and in some respects still is.

Why is France still testing so little for Covid19, less even than the UK?

READ ALSO Coronavirus testing in France – how does it work and who gets tested?

Health minister Olivier Véran says that testing the sickest is the priority. Photo: AFP

The official policy is that tests are rationed for the elderly, the pregnant, those with underlying health problems and pregnant women.

This runs counter to World Health Organisation advice.

Several explanations have been given. They include a lack of lab capacity in France and the pointlessness of general testing once the virus is known to be running amok.

The mystery remains.

As a result the daily bulletins on the advance of the virus  from the French government have to be read with caution. (The nightly announcements have become a grim kind of sports results, in the absence of sports.)

Officially, there are 16,018 known cases of Covid19 in France. The health minister Olivier Véran admits that true figure may be 90,000 – but that’s just a guess.

The only reliable running scores, therefore, are for the “gravely ill” (1,746 on Sunday night) and deaths (674). Both are advancing rapidly.

They are not – yet – exploding in the way that they did in Italy and now Spain.

The next few days will be crucial. An extension of the 15 day lock-down is, in any case, inevitable. If it seems the progress of the virus is being contained in France, it may be possible to imagine a return to something like normal life by May or June.

If the French figures for the dead and gravely ill spin out of control, we’re all facing a long sentence.

Deep anxiety and boredom are a toxic combination. Add dotty theories and simplistic solutions on social media. I fear that the politics of Covid19 may yet turn very nasty indeed.









Member comments

  1. I penned this observation at the time of Macron’s emergence onto the political stage;

    “Generalisation on my part.
    Those who once really cared (born into post- war hard times) are now grown old. Many of us did surprisingly well as a result of the caring structures of our formative times. We were quite lucky in some respects.
    Yet, we still utter and hear the phrase; “… in my day we had to… , blah, blah, blah…. . We’ve come to care less than we once did.
    Meanwhile, the new generation have been born into this less caring world. They joined the game hearing, and thus believing, “there’s no such thing as society.” This philosophy has made them selfish and indifferent to those less fortunate; until now.
    The only way today’s majority, middle populace, knows to secure or maintain their own social position is to diminish those who have less. They do this by not caring about or demeaning the impoverished, the unemployed, or the immigrant.
    We are a divided people in so many ways: not caring is but one manifestation of this division.
    We do need to take a long hard look at ourselves but we, also, need a new political way, new thinking, new expectations.
    “En Marche” may not appeal to our lost and deluded country, but it should, at least, be considered.”

    Precient perhaps?

  2. I should add; I was living in the UK at the time of this observation; in the thick of the appalling Brexit meltdown.
    Fortunately, I now live in France.
    Stay safe.

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‘Public opinion is ready’ – These French senators want to legalise marijuana

A group of 31 French senators of the Socialist, Green and Republican parties have come together to write a statement calling for the legalisation of marijuana in France.

'Public opinion is ready' - These French senators want to legalise marijuana

France is known for having some of the strictest laws regarding marijuana consumption in Europe – while simultaneously maintaining one of the highest rates of cannabis usage in the EU. 

A group of French senators – coming from the Socialist, Green and centre-right Les Républicains parties – are trying to change those laws, and have come together to call for marijuana to be legalised in France.

The group of 31 co-signed a statement published in French newspaper, Le Monde, on Wednesday, August 10th.

In the statement, the senators promised to launch a ‘consultation process’ to submit a bill to legalise marijuana “in the coming months.”

The proposition was headed by Senator Gilbert-Luc Devinaz, a member of the Socialist Party, and gained support from the party’s leader, Patrick Kanner.

READ MORE: The long and winding road towards changing France’s cannabis laws

A report by the Assemblé Nationale, which was published in May 2021, estimated that nearly 18 million French people (more than 25 percent of the population) had already consumed marijuana, and that an additional 1.5 million consume it regularly.

This, coupled with the 2019 finding that nearly one in two French people (45 percent) said they were in favour of legalisation, according to a survey by the French Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction (OFDT), helped strengthen the senators’ position.

“Public opinion is ready, the legislature must act,” they wrote.

Their senators argue that legalising marijuana in France will allow the authorities to better protect French citizens, saying that legalising would not require “minimising the health impacts of cannabis consumption” but rather would allow regulation similar to “public policies for tobacco, alcohol or gambling.”

For the group of 31 senators, the benefits of legalisation would involve a better control over the “health quality of products consumed,” “curbing trafficking in disadvantaged areas,” developing large-scale prevention plans,” and finally the taxation of cannabis products and redirection of law enforcement resources. Decriminalisation – in their opinion – would not be sufficient as this would simply “deprive authorities the ability to act,” in contrast to legalisation. 

READ MORE: Is France moving towards legalising cannabis for recreational purposes?

“In the long term, new tax revenues would be generated from the cannabis trade and from savings in the justice and police sectors”, which would make it possible to mobilize “significant resources for prevention as well as for rehabilitation and economic development,” wrote the senators.

In France, the conversation around cannabis has evolved in recent years – former Health Minister (and current government spokesman) Olivier Véran said to France Bleu in September 2021 that “countries that have gone towards legalisation have results better than those of France in the last ten years,” adding that he was interested in the potential therapeutic use of cannabis.

Currently, the drug is illegal in France. Previously, it fell under a 1970-law of illicit drug use, making it punishable with up to a year prison and an up to €3,750 fine.

However, in 2020, the government softened the penalties, making it possible for those caught consuming it to opt for an on-the-spot fine of €200.

There is also an ongoing trial involving 3,000 patients to test the impacts of medical marijuana usage, particularly with regard to pain relief.