“The helicopters will give us a larger vision and a panoramic view of the situation in real time to help guide the patrols on the ground,” a national gendarmerie source said.
One helicopter was already in use on Saturday, hovering above major Paris parks to ensure that confinement rules were respected.
Drones will also be used to help keep people confined, in particular to keep an eye on the banks of the Seine.
France has been in lockdown since midday on Tuesday, with excursions from the home limited to buying food, visiting the doctor, walking the dog or going for a solitary jog.
The measures came as the government mulled expanding the two-week home confinement imposed on all residents in a bid to brake the epidemic that has caused 562 deaths in France.
No gatherings are allowed, and workers can only go to the office if their employer does not provide an option for working from home.
People who venture outside need to carry a certificate, which can be printed from the government website, to declare the reason for their trip, and risk a 135-euro ($145) fine if they cannot show one.
The government has deployed 100,000 police to monitor people's movements.
No curfew has been imposed.
Businesses are suffering from the restrictions. Many have been told to close with only key businesses like supermarkets and pharmacies allowed to keep their doors open.
“Here we are still making the bread but we're not giving out the change,” said one baker in the eastern Paris suburb of Montreuil.
Coins are laid out by denomination on the counter and customers take whatever is their due, in order not to spread the virus.
Ordinary citizens are also, increasingly, doing their bit to assuage the effects of the forced confinement.
A florists in the Sarthe region of western France is losing heavily as his stock of roses and tulips can't be preserved.
“Rather than throw them away we decided to send the flowers to hospitals throughout France to give a boost to the nursing staff,” said the florist, Philippe Bigot. “It's our contribution”.