With neighbouring Italy having confirmed more than 370 cases of the coronavirus, French Prime Minister Edouard Philippe convened an emergency meeting on Thursday morning to prepare for a similar scenario in France.
Where are we at?
So far, France has had 18 confirmed coronavirus cases in total. Six of these were discovered within 24 hours.
Two people have died of the virus. One of them, a French teacher, died on Wednesday morning. The man had been transferred from his hometown Creil to the Pitié Salpêtrière hospital in Paris.
French President Emmanuel Macron visited Pitié Salpêtrière on Thursday morning, before leaving for Naples, Italy, for a crisis meeting with the Italian government.
The case has been particularly worrying to French health authorities as the 60-year-old had not been to any of the coronavirus infected zones. An investigation into how he was infected has been launched.
The other death was an 80-year-old Chinese tourist who died on February 14th.
Eleven people have been released from the hospital.
A 55-year-old man, one of the six new cases, is still in “serious condition” in Amiens.
What precautions is the government is taking?
French authorities have been stepping up preparations ever since the major outbreak of coronavirus over the border in Italy was reported over the weekend.
One of the latest measures the government has taken is setting up a “green number” that people can call for any non-medical coronavirus-related questions. The line will be open all week from 8am until 9pm. The number is 0 800 130 000.
The operators will not be able to answer any questions of medical nature. On its website, the government advised anyone experiencing any signs of an infection “in the 14 days after returning from China, Hong Kong, Macao, Singapore, South Korea, Iran or the Italian regions affected by the virus” to call number 15 (the French emergency ambulance number).
Other precautionary measures include preparing 70 extra hospitals to receive coronavirus patients and tripling the resources for the country's testing programme.
The government has also placed orders for tens of millions of protective masks for health workers.
Some of the supporters at a football game on Wednesday evening in Lyon were wearing protective masks. Photo: AFP
Nice carnival canceled
Some events have been canceled to avoid large gatherings of people.
Nice canceled its annual carnival on Saturday. Menton, a city on the Italian border, made the same decision for its Lemon Festival.
In Paris a major trade event which usually attracts thousands of people from around the world has been cancelled because of coronavirus fears.
Anyone who has recently returned from Italy or China has been told to self-isolate for two weeks in an attempt to contain the spread of the virus.
On its website, the French government urged those returning from the listed places to “avoid all non-essential outings”, giving as examples “big gatherings, restaurants, the cinema”, for two weeks after their return and to keep their children home from daycare or school.
They were also told to monitor their temperatures twice a day and watch for symptoms of respiratory infection (coughing or breathing difficulties).
Will not close border
The French government has remained adamant that it will not close down the border with Italy, shrugging off criticism from Marine Le Pen, leader of the far-right party Rassemblement National.
However closing down borders has been deemed an inefficient mesure by several health authorities. The Director of Global Health Institute at the University of Geneva, Antoine Flahault, said it would be “inefficient and illusory.”
“It doesn't make much sense,” said Jérôme Salomon, director general of the French health authority, earlier this week.
“Not to mention that you can travel by land, sea and air, or go through Italy and Austria.”
The people who have died so far have generally been elderly or with underlying health conditions and the World Health Organisation says that 80 percent of people who get the virus will experience only mild symptoms.
Fièvre – fever
Maux de tête – headache
Courbatures – aches
Toux – cough
Difficultés respiratoires – breathing difficulties
Un rhume – a cold
La grippe – the flu
Coronavirus – coronavirus
SAMU – the French ambulance service, or service d'aide médicale urgente, to give them their full name