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Trêve hivernale: Why you can’t be evicted in winter in France

France has a lot of laws that protect the rights of ordinary people, and one of the most famous is the trêve hivernale, or winter truce. Here's what it means.

A homeless man sleeps on the streets in Strasbourg, eastern France.
A homeless man sleeps on the streets in Strasbourg, eastern France. Photo: Frederick Florin/AFP

Tenants in France who stop paying their rent obviously run the risk of their landlord losing patience and throwing them out – but only between the months of April and October.

That’s thanks to the trêve hivernale – the winter truce that means you cannot be thrown out onto the streets while the country is in the depths of winter. The trêve hivernale is enshrined in law and also applies to utility companies – your electricity and gas cannot be cut off in the winter no matter how badly you are in arrears.

Of course that doesn’t mean you are safe forever, because landlords can and will evict you once the truce ends on March 31st, so we’re not advising people to stop paying over the winter.

The winter truce was extended in 2020 because of the financial hardship caused to many by Covid lockdowns, but the 2021 winter truce began on its usual date of November 1st and will run – barring unforeseen circumstances – until March 31st 2022.

The law is not without its critics – landlords don’t like it for obvious reasons. And in France not all landlords are wealthy, many people inherit property and for some older people the rental income from a property they have inherited is a vital supplement to their pension.

And housing charities say it acts as a ‘sticking plaster’ rather than addressing the real issues of why people get into arrears in the first place or putting in place better financial support for less well off people.

But in general, the rights of tenants are better protected in France than in many other countries. Read more about your rights while renting here.

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The best banks for non-EU citizens living in France

Many foreigners in France - particularly pensioners - need to keep a bank account in their home country, but not all banks will offer accounts to people living abroad.

The best banks for non-EU citizens living in France

Most people who move to France get a French bank account – but many also maintain accounts with banks in their home countries to receive income in the form of pensions, property rentals, salary, or to hold savings and pay bills.

This is particularly key for pensioners, as some pension providers will not pay into a bank account in another country, but others just prefer the convenience of having a bank account and debit card to use on visits home in order to avoid extra transaction fees.

Banks within the EU benefit from ‘passporting’ arrangements that allow them to operate throughout the Bloc, but for those outside the EU it’s a little more complicated.

Here are the options.

International accounts

Many banks offer ‘international accounts’ aimed at those who have moved to other countries.

The major drawback is the cost; many accounts have a minimum deposit level or stipulate a minimum annual income, so they may not be suitable for pensioners, people on a low income, or those who just want to use their account for a few basic functions while keeping most of their income/assets in their French account.

Most expat/international accounts also charge a monthly fee and some charge transfer fees on top of that. 

They’re really aimed at ‘high net worth’ customers (ie rich) so they’re often not suitable for people who have lower means or have retired to France.

Internet banks 

The last few years has seen a proliferation of new internet banks, which offer online-only services and operate across Europe.

The advantage of these is that you can sign up with a French address and then carry out transactions in another country.

Many people use internet bank accounts – Wise (formerly the money-transfer service Transferwise, now set up as a bank), Revolut or Starling are notable examples – when they first move to France before they set up French accounts.

The disadvantage for some people is their lack of a physical presence so in case of a question or a problem contact can only be made by phone or – more usually – via email or chatbot. Many internet banks also do not issue cheque books or accept queues, which can be a problem for some customers.

Customers can set up accounts in different currencies and depending on the bank and its licencing you may also be account to get an account number and IBAN for your home country as well as a European IBAN.

READ ALSO The best UK banks for Brits in France

It means you can use the account for business back home, but also transfer money quickly and easily to/from France. It might give a better deal on exchange rates than receiving a pension in one currency and then spending in euros in France.

There’s a tendency to assume that internet-only banks are less secure, which isn’t necessarily the case, but if there are problems it can be harder to get redress. Make sure the bank you are using has a banking licence in your home country and France for peace of mind.

French banks

Most people living in France already have a French account for daily life, but can you use this for all your financial affairs?

It depends on your situation. Pension providers may only pay into a home account, while if you still have financial liabilities in another country, such as a mortgage, you may need to keep an account in that country. 

Keeping a home address

Many non-EU residents in France get around the problem by using a ‘care of’ address back home in order to retain their bank account – usually either the address of a property that they own or the home of a relative.

Whether this is allowed is a bit of a grey area. Opening a new account may be difficult, but existing accounts may be kept open. Some banks – especially British ones – seem to be keen on checking whether their customers are permanent residents while others don’t seem to care as much.

Basically you can’t lie to your bank if they ask you outright where your full-time residence or tax residence is, but not all banks ask this. 

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