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Perfume and pipi: The 10 smells that tell you you’re in Paris

Think the whole of Paris smells delightfully of Chanel perfume and freshly-baked croissant? Here are the 10 smells that really let you know you're in the French capital.

Perfume, bread and cigarette smoke are the smells pf Paris
Paris is all expensive perfume, freshly-baked baguette and Hollywood actors, right? Sort of. Photo: AFP
1. Urine
Afraid so. It is an unpleasant but undeniable fact that large parts of Paris reek of urine. In enclosed places like under bridges and in alleyways – particularly in summer – the smell can be overpowering.
Not wishing to get involved in gender wars here, but this is mainly the fault of men, who seem to have little compunction about peeing in the street when caught short. Asking male Parisian friends about this provoked some feet-shuffling and muttering about cafés having too few toilets. Hmm.
Freshly baked baguette is one of the greatest smells in the world, no question. Photo: AFP
2. Bread
One of the clichés that is definitely true is the delicious smell of freshly baking bread. With an estimated 30,000 boulangeries in the city you are never far away from a baguette.
While eating in the street is generally frowned upon in France, even the most hardened Parisian will sometimes make an exception for munching on the end of their still-warm baguette as they carry it home.
Walking past a fromagerie is also a delicious sensory experience. 
3. Traffic fumes
While Paris is slowly weaning itself off its addiction to the car, there are still a lot of them about and it’s undeniable that the busier streets smell of traffic fumes. City Hall is bringing in a lot of initiatives including car free Sundays, banning older diesel vehicles and encouraging cycling, so maybe this won’t be a defining smell forever, but for the moment the air quality in Paris is not the best.
In fact a 2018 study revealed that breathing the polluted air of Paris for a year is the equivalent of smoking 183 cigarettes. Which brings us of course to . . .
The Paris café terrace is a popular hangout for smokers. Photo: AFP
4. Cigarette smoke
Smoking rates in France are actually declining and the country has lower rates of smoking than many other European countries. But despite that, you won’t walk far down a Paris street before you get a whiff of cigarette smoke.
Perhaps the reason that it seems more prevalent than it really is are the numerous café terraces dotted around the city, which is where the smokers congregate since the 2007 ban on smoking in the workplace. Although as vaping becomes more popular you’re also quite likely to notice the revolting sickly sweet smell of certain vape liquids.
5. Perfume
France is of course known for its luxury perfumes and French men and women are not shy of using one of their country’s most famous exports. Particularly if you’re in the smarter central areas of Paris, your nostrils will regularly be delighted by a trail of Chanel, Yves St Laurent or Dior fragrance wafting down the street.
6. Body odour
There are some unkind souls who suggest the French only wear perfume to cover up the fact they haven’t showered. A lack of washing seems to be a prevalent myth about the French, although it’s never been corroborated by any kind of scientific measure and the vast majority are squeaky clean.
However the enclosed space of the Metro, particularly in the evening rush hour at the height of summer, does provide a few choice whiffs. But maybe don’t get too self-righteous about this as no-one is at their freshest when the temperatures in Paris hit 42.6C.
On some Metro lines you will unavoidably be getting up close and personal with a stranger’s armpit. Photo: AFP
7. Metro
Speaking of the Metro, that too has its own special smell. Slightly hard to describe, but something like metal and smoke and exhaust fumes, it’s very particular to Paris.
Might not sound too appealing, but if it’s a sign that you’re on your way home after a long hard day then it can provoke some relaxed feelings.
8. Cannabis
And speaking of relaxing, many people in Paris apparently choose to do so with a little herbal help.
Despite some experiments on medical use, the recreational use of cannabis is illegal in France, which often comes as a surprise to people who have sniffed the air of Paris. Still, get caught smoking it and you can face a fine and the possibility of a jail term depending on the circumstances. Don’t say you weren’t warned.
Getting hungry just looking at this . . . Photo: AFP
9. Chicken
Got the munchies? You will never be short of chicken in Paris and the smell of a roasting rotisserie bird is one of the joys of the city. Many butchers, supermarkets and market stalls have racks of ready-roasted birds being slowly basted in their own juices, sending out delicious aromas.
In fact markets in general are good for nice smells. Often thought of as a small-town or rural thing, Paris in fact has hundreds of markets, from the smaller neighbourhood or suburban markets to the big ones at Bastille or Belleville, they provide delicious whiffs of cheese, olives, sausage and freshly cooked delicacies.
10. Sewage
Sorry to end on a downer, but unfortunately the sudden waft of sewage smell from an underground drain is a regular occurrence in Paris, particularly when it rains.
Still, you can always buy a baguette to cheer yourself up.

Member comments

  1. Yes.
    The actress is Carla Bruno Sarkozy.
    Wife of Nicolas Sarkozy former President of France.
    The movie is “Midnight in Paris,” a great film.

    1. It’s Carla Bruni (not Bruno) the famous Italian-French singer, songwriter, model, actress, and heiress to the Pirelli Tire fortune…

  2. It’s not a very politically correct thing to say, but the smell of pee in the streets/under the bridges/in the metro stations is a lot to do with the large homeless population in Paris who don’t really have the option of ducking into a café to go if they need to.

    A lot of it too is thanks to the city government and the lack of public toilets. There’s more than there were before, yes, but there’s still large parts of Paris that have none, so where are you going to go then if all the cafés/restaurants say “toilets for customer use only”? Another example is down on the quais, people have been gathering there in their hundreds for aperos in the good weather since it was pedestrianised I don’t know how many years ago now, but it’s only this summer that they actually put toilets there. Before that, there were several trees there that were very well watered every night, due to lack of other options.

  3. Parmi les odeurs prédominantes à Paris se trouve Petrichor, l’odeur unique après la pluie. Avec 200 églises catholiques romaines, l’odeur des bougies, de l’encens et de la myrrhe est répandue. Plus poétiquement, l’odeur de la mode, de la cuisine et de la politique est partout.

  4. I am surprised that neither the author of this article nor the commentator referred to the greatest source of smell of pee in the streets of big cities in France, namely dogs’ pee!

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‘Painful’ – is Paris Charles de Gaulle airport really that bad?

Following a survey that said Paris Charles de Gaulle airport was the best in Europe, we asked Local readers what they thought...

'Painful' - is Paris Charles de Gaulle airport really that bad?

Recently, Paris Charles de Gaulle was voted the best airport in Europe by passengers.

The 2022 World Airport Awards, based on customer satisfaction surveys between September 2021 and May 2022, listed the best airport on the planet as Doha, while Paris’s main airport came in at number 6 – the highest entry for a European airport – one place above Munich. 

READ ALSO Paris Charles de Gaulle voted best airport in Europe by passengers

Given CDG’s long-standing reputation doesn’t quite match what the World Airport Awards survey said – in 2009 it was rated the second-worst airport in the world, while in 2011 US site CNN judged it “the most hated airport in the world” – we wondered how accurate the survey could be.

So we asked readers of The Local for their opinion on their experience of Europe’s ‘best’ airport. 

Contrary to the World Airport Awards study, users erred towards the negative about the airport. A total 30.8 percent of Local readers – who had travelled through the airport in recent months – thought it was ‘terrible’, while another 33.3 percent agreed that it was ‘not great’ and had ‘some problems’.

But in total 12.8 percent of those who responded to our survey thought the airport was ‘brilliant’, and another 23.1 percent thought it ‘fine’, with ‘no major problems’.

So what are the problems with it?


One respondent asked a simple – and obvious – question: “Why are there so many terminal twos?”

Barney Lehrer added: “They should change the terminal number system.”

In fact, signage and directions – not to mention the sheer size of the place – were common complaints, as were onward travel options. 

Christine Charaudeau told us: “The signage is terrible. I’ve often followed signs that led to nowhere. Thankfully, I speak French and am familiar with the airport but for first time travellers … yikes!”

Edwin Walley added that it was, “impossible to get from point A to point B,”  as he described the logistics at the airport as the “worst in the world”.

And James Patterson had a piece of advice taken from another airport. “The signage could be better – they could take a cue from Heathrow in that regard.”

Anthony Schofield said: “Arriving by car/taxi is painful due to congestion and the walk from the skytrain to baggage claim seems interminable.”

Border control

Border control, too, was a cause for complaint. “The wait at the frontière is shameful,” Linda, who preferred to use just her first name, told us. “I waited one and a half hours standing, with a lot of old people.”

Sharon Dubble agreed. She wrote: “The wait time to navigate passport control and customs is abysmal!”

Deborah Mur, too, bemoaned the issue of, “the long, long wait to pass border control in Terminal E, especially at 6am after an overnight flight.”

Beth Van Hulst, meanwhile, pulled no punches with her estimation of border staff and the airport in general. “[It] takes forever to go through immigration, and staff deserve their grumpy reputation. Also, queuing is very unclear and people get blocked because the airport layout is not well designed.”

Jeff VanderWolk highlighted the, “inadequate staffing of immigration counters and security checkpoints”, while Karel Prinsloo had no time for the brusque attitudes among security and border personnel. “Officers at customs are so rude. I once confronted the commander about their terrible behaviour.  His response said it all: ‘We are not here to be nice’. Also the security personnel.”


One of the most-complained-about aspects is one that is not actually within the airport’s control – public transport connections.  

Mahesh Chaturvedula was just one of those to wonder about integrated travel systems in France, noting problems with the reliability of onward RER rail services, and access to the RER network from the terminal.

The airport is connected to the city via RER B, one of the capital’s notoriously slow and crowded suburban trains. Although there are plans to create a new high-speed service to the airport, this now won’t begin until after the 2024 Olympics.

Sekhar also called for, “more frequent trains from SNCF to different cities across France with respect to the international flight schedules.”

The good news

But it wasn’t all bad news for the airport, 35 percent of survey respondents said the airport had more positives than negatives, while a Twitter poll of local readers came out in favour of Charles de Gaulle.

Conceding that the airport is “too spread out”, Jim Lockard said it, “generally operates well; [and has] decent amenities for food and shopping”.

Declan Murphy was one of a number of respondents to praise the, “good services and hotels in terminals”, while Dean Millar – who last passed through Charles de Gaulle in October – said the, “signage is very good. [It is] easy to find my way around”.

He added: “Considering the size (very large) [of the airport] it is very well done.  So no complaints at all.”