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ECONOMY

France daily dilemmas: Should French shops stay closed on a Sunday?

It's an issue that is proving quite controversial in France at the moment, and has also divided readers of The Local.

France daily dilemmas: Should French shops stay closed on a Sunday?
In small town France most shops do not open on a Sunday. Photo: AFP

Traditionally, it was pretty much impossible to do any shopping on a Sunday in France, as most shops closed their doors on Saturday evening and did not reopen until Monday (or sometimes even Tuesday).

In recent years things have been changing, especially in the bigger cities, but is that really a good thing?

The issue is back in the news because of a trial run by supermarket chain Casino – which is opening some of its hypermarché stores on a Sunday afternoon, albeit with automatic checkouts only.

Several big supermarkets already open on a Sunday morning, and the smaller city centre stores of Casino and Franprix also offer Sunday afternoon opening, but last weekend saw the first ever Sunday afternoon opening of a hypermarché.

And the event was enough to cause protests outside the store in Angers, lead by local unions and a small number of 'yellow vest' protesters.

We asked our readers whether they like the peace and relaxation of a no-shopping Sunday, or whether they just find it inconvenient and annoying, and the results were divided, with the majority plumping for a chilled-out Sunday.

 

The convenience of the Sunday shopping was a big draw for some.

Diandra Saunders said: “The supermarkets where I live are packed on Sunday mornings, all the checkouts are manned, and there are queues, all year round.

“It's very convenient for working families and provides work for students and parents that need to supplement their income…the world moves on and going by the popularity of it here, why not?”

Terri Morgan agreed, saying: “Surely if you don't like it, don't shop on Sundays! It's too handy for people that work all week, and Saturday it's always packed.”

Steve Wodger added: “Opening on Sundays gives other people jobs. What's bad about it? It's 2019 France needs to move with the times.”

But many others liked the idea of keeping Sunday as a special day for relaxation and spending time with family and friends.

Margaret Longworth said: “It's one of the many things I enjoy about living in France. A day for family, talking and reflection.”

Sally Wheeldon agreed, saying: “Love it that so few shops open on a Sunday morning and most shut for Sunday afternoon. Bliss!”

Sarah Waldgrave said: “In an age where consumerism is literally killing the planet whose resources are now in deficit, I fail to see how Sunday closing is a bad thing. Humans are the ultimate in selfishness.”

While Rajan Lad suggested a compromise, saying: “There should be some shops in nearby areas that should be open (especially pharmacies) based on rotation, so if anything is needed in an emergency, one can buy anything quickly from there.”


Galeries Lafayette in Paris is a popular shopping destination on a Sunday. Photo: AFP

Sunday shopping in France sill varies greatly according to where you are.

In Paris you will always be able to find something open on a Sunday, and that goes for many clothes shops, bookstores and leisure outlets as well as supermarkets – for example the famous Galeries Lafayette and Printemps stores have opened on a Sunday since 2017.

Stores in Paris benefit from the creation by François Hollande's government of special international tourism zones where shops are permitted to open on a Sunday.

For this reason you'll also find plenty of shops open on a Sunday in tourist hotspots like the French Riviera.

Move into rural or small-town France, however, and it's a very different story.

In smaller towns that are off the tourist trail there generally won't be much open on a Sunday, and what there is will usually only be open in the morning.

Boulangeries and patisseries often open on a Sunday morning, sometimes the tabac or a local bar will be open and some supermarkets do too, but that's about it.

In many towns you will also find plenty of places close on Monday as well, as staff work on a Saturday and then have a two day 'weekend' break on Sunday and Monday.

Casino has started the Sunday-afternoon openings as a pilot at its Angers store, but plans for others to follow suit. But if you are planning a Sunday afternoon shop, bear in mind that only automated checkouts are available meaning that you can only pay by card and you will not be able to buy alcohol.

 

 

 

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BUSINESS

What are the 26 French ‘unicorns’ hailed by the government?

France now has 26 'unicorns', something Emmanuel Macron's government sees as a major success. Here's what this means and how it affects France's future.

People dressed as unicorns attend a tech summit.
People dressed as unicorns attend a tech summit. France now counts 26 start-ups valued at more than $1 billion. (Photo by CARLOS COSTA / AFP)

In 2019, French President Emmanuel Macron set what seemed like an ambitious objective: having 25 French start-ups valued at over $1 billion by 2025. 

These companies are colloquially referred to as “unicorns” or licornes in French. 

The target was very on-brand. Macron had sold himself at a youthful, ambitious and liberalising president keen to lead France towards modernity. 

To achieve this goal, the government lifted regulations; hired liaison officers to manage relations between tech entrepreneurs and government ministers; created a new kind of visa to allow entrepreneurs, innovators and investors to move to France; and launched an incubator scheme known as the French Tech Tremplin (“French Tech Trampoline”) to help underrepresented groups such as women, poor people and those in the countryside to launch tech start-ups. 

Just three years later, it appears these efforts have paid off. 

“They told us that it was impossible – that creating a start-up nation was just an act. But collectively we have got there three years ahead of schedule,” said Emmanuel Macron on Monday, sporting a Steve Jobs-style polo neck as he celebrated the fact that France now had 25 ‘unicorns’. 

On Tuesday, La French Tech, a body run by civil servants aimed at creating a healthy environment for start-ups in France heralded another success – a 26th licorne

The latest addition is a company called Spendesk – it runs a platform that allows small and medium sized businesses to manage spending, expenses, budgets, payment approvals and invoices through a single integrated platform. It is already used by thousands of clients. 

Spendesk recently raised a further $100 million, pushing its overall value past the $1 billion mark. It plans to employ a further 700 people in France. 

La French Tech couldn’t contain its joy. 

“We don’t ask ourselves what is going on, we know it: #FrenchTech is booming #26unicorns”, wrote the organisation in its Twitter account. 

La French Tech claims that beyond the 25 ‘unicorns’ valued at $1 billion or more, there are a further 20,000 tech start-ups in France and that half of French people use their services daily. The organisation says that this sector has already created 1 million jobs – and that this figure should double by 2050. 

“French tech is obviously about more than these unicorns, but I see them as an example, a model for the rest of the ecosytem,” said Macron on Tuesday. 

So who are the other unicorns leading the way? 

Alan

This start-up was created in 2016 and offers health insurance coverage for individuals and businesses. What differentiates it from standard health insurance providers, or mutuelles, is that it functions through an easy-to-use app. Individuals can send medical bills directly from their smartphone and be reimbursed almost immediately. Doctors can be reached through the app’s messaging and video call services. Employers can manage arrêts de travail the comings and goings of poorly staff directly through the interface. It is currently available in France, Belgium and Spain, counting 230,000 members. 

Ankorstore

Ankorstore is an online marketplace aimed at supporting independent wholesalers – from florists to concept stores. It pitches itself as a platform to buy “authentic products and brands that e-commerce giants such as Amazon do not offer.” It is present in 23 European countries with offices in France, Germany, the Netherlands, Sweden and the UK.

BlaBlaCar

This carpooling service has more than 100 million members across 22 countries. It connects drivers with people looking for a lift on a highly accessible app and website based platform. BlaBlaCar allows people to save money on transport and said that it saves 1.6 million tons of CO2 emissions in 2018 through ride-sharing – the platform has grown significantly since then. This company has also started running a bus service, BlaBlaBus. 

BlaBlaCar launched BlaBlaBus in 2019.

BlaBlaCar launched BlaBlaBus in 2019. (Photo by PHILIPPE DESMAZES / AFP)

BackMarket

Backmarket is a website for buying used, unused or reconditioned electronic devices. The company sells everything from cameras, to laptops, to iPhones – at well below the market rate. Many of the products come with a warranty. The company is keen to emphasise its role in reducing electronic waste and carbon emissions involved in manufacturing new products.

Contentsquare 

This start-up has existed since 2012. It acts as a tool to allow website and app designers to monitor how their users behave while on their webpage/app. Contentsquare provides analytical information that can help to tailor websites to improve the digital experiences of users. 

Deezer

Deezer is an online music streaming services similar to Spotify. It was founded in 2007 and counts 16 million active users. 

Doctolib

Doctolib is a platform that connects patients to medical professionals. Creating an account is free and allows you to book medical appointments, with filters such as the kind of care you want, the area of the medical practice and the languages spoken by the doctor. It runs via a user-friendly app and website and is available in France, Italy and Germany. During the Covid-19 pandemic, it has become the main way that French people have booked vaccination appointments. 

Exotec

This company was founded by two engineers in 2014 and manufactures intralogistic robots. The technology is used in warehouses of retailers, supermarkets, e-commerce and industry. In essence, it is used to remove human labour from the supply chain. 

iad

iad is a network where people can sign up to learn how to become an independent real estate agent – it also serves as a site where people can look for property to buy or rent. 14 percent of all properties sold in France in 2020 went through this platform according to one study. 

Ivalua

Ivalua is a tool used by organisations to manage spending and supplies. It operates largely though Artificial Intelligence and provides a wide range of functions designed to improve collaboration and decision-making. 

Ledger

Ledger is a company that provides individuals and businesses an easy way to buy and sell cryptocurrencies and store these currency on USB-type hardware. If you get sick of that guy at work who never stops talking about Bitcoin, this is probably not one for you. 

Lydia

This is a payment app that allows people with French bank accounts to send and receive money with other users, and is often used by friends to reimburse each other with small amounts for dinner, drinks, holidays etc. If you hold your savings in the app, you can benefit from a 0.6 percent interest rate. It also allows you to pay for things overseas without incurring fees. 

ManoMano

ManoMano is an online marketplace specialised in DIY and gardening equipment. It employs 800 people in 4 offices and operates across 6 European markets: France, Belgium, Spain, Italy, Germany and the UK. It’s website sells products from more than 3,600 retail partners and stocks more than 10 million products. 

DentalMonitoring

Patients can download this app after undergoing dental work. They can then use the secured system to send pictures of their teeth to their dentist (if the dentist is subscribed to the service). The start-up boasts that it can allow dentists and orthodontistes to carry out remote consultations and that the AI technology embedded in the app can automatically detect dental problems. 

Meero

Meero is a company that connects professional photographers to clients and vice versa. It organises one photo shoot every 25 seconds and has more than 30,000 customers around the world. 

Mirakl

Mirakl is a cloud-based e-commerce company that allows retailers, manufacturers and wholesalers to access a single online market place. The start-up aims to help other businesses scale-up their operations rapidly and describes its staff as “Mirakl workers” (as in the French ‘miracle’ pronounced me-rackluh). 

OVHcloud

This start-up was founded in 1999 and is now Europe’s biggest cloud provider, offering both public and private information storage solutions. They also provide domain name registration, telecoms services and internet connection. 

PayFit

Payfit is an automated payroll service that allows employers to save time dealing with spreadsheets and other systems. It is an intuitive bit of software already being used by 6,500 small and medium-sized businesses.

Qonto

Qonto provides financial services to freelancers, self-employed people, small businesses, charities and new businesses. It provides solutions for managing expenses, accounting, invoices and payments. 

Shift

This company is based in Paris and helps global insurance companies to detect fraudulent insurance claims via artificial intelligence technology. 

Sorare

This is a fantasy football game where users build and manage squads, trading, selling and buying players. It makes use of blockchain technology. French footballer Antoine Griezmann is a major investor. 

A tradable player card from Sorare.

A tradable player card from Sorare. Credit: Sorare

Swile

This is a financial and networking service for businesses and employees. It essentially is a bank card with an app that allows employers to issue anonymous surveys to employees, facilitate communication via a messaging service, organise collections and plan events. 

Vestiare Collective

This is an online marketplace for second-hand luxury fashion. Be aware that some items still cost thousands of euros, so they’re only ‘bargains’ in relative terms. 

Veepee

This is an online and app-based service. Users can create an account for free to be alerted of upcoming sales of up to 70 percent on their favourite brands. It is available in eight European countries including the UK. 

Voodoo

Voodoo is a French mobile game developer and publisher. It provides help for video game developers to promote their work and councils them on the development process. In the past, Voodoo has come under fire for producing games that appear to be closely modelled on other games already on the market.

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