The French public health body Santé publique France and the French national cancer institute have reported on the detailed trends of cancer cases and treatment in the country from 1990 to 2018.
The eye-catching statistic is the huge increase in the number of cancer cases being reported compared to 30 years ago – for men the increase is 65 percent and for women 93 percent.
French women such as Brigitte Bardot were heavy smokers in the 1960s, and lung cancer rates have increased since. Photo: AFP
In 1990 there were 215,000 cases of cancer recorded, which had increased to 382,000 by 2018.
Although there was also some good news – success rates for treatment have also seen a dramatic improvement.
So what is behind this huge increase?
There are two main factors – an ageing population and a delayed effect from the big increase in women smoking from the 1960s onwards.
The rate of lung cancer among women has increased by five percent every year since 1990 and now 45 percent of all cancers among women in France are lung cancer.
“These are women who started smoking in the 1960s, when social marketing suggested that it was good,” Anne Gallay, director of non-communicable diseases at Santé Publique France, told BFMTV.
In the 1960s cigarettes were heavily marketed towards women and smoking developed a 'cool' image among French women.
Lung cancer can be very slow acting, so the lung cancer results being seen today are a delayed result of increased smoking levels in the 1960s.
The other factor is the ageing population.
In fact a closer look at the figures suggests that the risk to each person of getting cancer has only risen by six percent, it's simply that people are living longer and statistically older people are more likely to get cancer. The population of France is also growing, which leads to more cases being recorded.
So although more people are getting cancer, your chances of developing it are only slightly higher.
And some cancers are showing a decrease in cases – mostly thanks to screening programmes and early detection.
There was a 3.5 percent drop in the number of prostate cancer cases per year, along with a 0.6 percent fall in the number of colorectal cancer cases. Breast cancer cases saw a very small increase – just 0.6 percent.
And if you do get cancer, the chances of a successful treatment are considerably higher than they were in 1990. Overall, mortality has dropped by 54 percent in men and 25 percent in women.