Should these casualties – many of them in the Yellow Vests’ rural heartlands – be counted as victims of the longest protest movement in post-war French history?
Yes, they should. Over 75 per cent of the country’s radar speed traps have been destroyed or vandalised since the Gilets Jaunes protests began in November.
The figures for road deaths in February – a 17 per cent increase or 40 additional deaths – are calamitous. There were smaller increases in November, December and January. By my calculation, the Gilets Jaunes movement has now “killed” at least 110 people.
The National Observatory on Road Safety says that most of the extra deaths can be attributed directly to the absence of speed traps. “There has been a slackening of discipline on all types of roads,” the observatory said.
The government’s road safety tsar, Emmanel Barbe, reports a “truly stupefying” correlation between the destruction of radar traps and a boom in deaths on rural, two lane-roads since November. In other words, the Gilets Jaunes are killing their own people, not with bullets or bombs but with hammers, crow-bars and yellow paint.
The connection between yellow vests and radar traps is both visceral and existential. The government’s decision last year to lower the speed limit on most two-lane roads from 90 kph to 80 kph was a vital, and often overlooked, factor in the explosion of rural and outer-suburban fury.
There are good arguments for and against the new 80 kph limit. In rural France, if my experience in Calvados is typical, those arguments were rarely heard.
Everyone was convinced that the Metropolitan elite was imposing yet a new hidden tax – in the form of even more speeding fines – on a suffering and allegedly despised Peripheral France. The 80 kph limit was seen as an arrogant imposition by a remote technocracy. “They” had no conception of how frustrating and time-wasting it was to trundle along straight two-lane roads between towns 30 or 40 kilometres apart.
There is something brutally perverse about the planning, or lack of planning, of speed limits in rural France.
In one stretch of a Calvados D-road that I know well, the limit goes from 50 kph, to 80kph, to 70 kph, to 50 kph again, then 80kph, then 110kph in the space of three kilometres. At one point, according to the signs, the limit is 50 kph on one side of the road and 70 kph on the other.
I know from bitter experience that it is hard to adjust to the new 80 kph limit when you have a cruise device set in your brain at 90kph. I fell foul other day of what must have been the last functioning speed trap in Normandy.
There goes another €40 to keep Emmanuel Macron in limousines and gold-leaf dinner services. Where did I put my Gilet Jaune?
On the other hand, I’m constantly astonished by how aggressive and rude French rural drivers can be. If you try to observe the limit, you rapidly find another car taking up position 5 millimetres from your back bumper.
Much of this road rage is explained by the fact that enforcement of speed limits is relatively new. When I arrived in France 22 years ago, there were few radar traps. You could drive on motorways at 160kph with impunity.
In 2002, President Jacques Chirac decided to take a radical new approach to road safety. He would enforce the rules. The number of road deaths in France has plunged since then, falling from 7,242 in 2002 to 3,503 last year.
French roads are still almost twice as dangerous as British roads (6.4 deaths a year per 100,000 inhabitants, compared to 3.7 deaths in the UK.) They are much safer than roads in Italy or Spain and almost half as murderous as the roads in the United States (10.9 deaths per 100,000).
If you look at the small-print of the road statistics you see that members of the urban elite are unlikely to die in a car crash in France. Four fifths of road deaths happen in rural areas. Poorer people are more likely to die than richer ones.
There is another great irony in the Gilets Jaunes war on radar.
The French state is planning to replace all those smashed speed traps with a new generation of fixed speed cameras.
They will be able to trap up to 32 speeding cars at one time. They will be able to detect whether a driver is using a mobile phone or whether he or she has fastened his or her seat-belt.
And they will be set on higher poles to make them harder to vandalise.