Who is France’s ‘Madame Brexit’, the new European Affairs Minister?

French President Emmanuel Macron has appointed Amélie de Montchalin to be his new “Madame Brexit,” the European affairs minister who will be in place as Britain - possibly - pulls out of the EU.

Who is France's 'Madame Brexit', the new European Affairs Minister?
Amélie de Montchalin addresses the National Assembly on January 23, 2018. Photo: AFP

The 33-year-old relatively unknown politician has taken over from Nathalie Loiseau, who quit her job last week to lead Macron's party in the European election campaign.

Why haven’t we heard of Amélie de Montchalin before?

Only those following French politics closely would have known of the member of parliament for the Essonne constituency near Paris, who became a politician just two years ago when Macron tapped her on the shoulder and asked her to join his march to power.

What will her approach be to Brexit?

She hasn’t gone into any detail yet about how she will handle France’s approach to Britain’s withdrawal from the EU, but her attitude might well be summed up in what she has said generally about how she will tackle European affairs.

“You need a lot of pugnacity and and a lot of energy to work on European affairs,” she said after being appointed on Sunday, adding that she that she saw her new job as an “immense challenge in this time of Brexit.”

Campaigners for Britons in France will be keeping a close eye on the successor to Loiseau, who in an interview with The Local this year expressed her support for Britons worried about the impact of Brexit.

She said Brits were a “priority” for the French government and that in the case of a no deal Brexit they will be given enough time to secure their status.

Although Loiseau's eventual no-deal bill hardly calmed the fears of Britons, she was considered capable and supportive by campaigners and regularly spoke up for Brits. 


READ ALSO: UPDATED – the ultimate no-deal checklist for Britons living in France

Ex-Europe Minister Nathalie Loiseau at the launch of Macron’s LREM party European election campaign. Photo: AFP

What’s her background?

De Montchalin, whose name is an aristocratic one, is a classic example of Macron’s new army of members of parliament who entered politics for the first time in 2017, most of who came from business or the civil service.

De Montchalin gave up a glittering business career; she had studied at a top French business school, HEC, then at Harvard, before high-flying jobs at BNP Paribas bank and at the AXA insurance giant.

And her track record since she became a politician?

“When she wants something she gets it.” That was the assessment a fellow member of parliament gave when asked about her by Europe 1 radio.

She made a name for herself as an enforcer – her colleagues even used the British parliamentary term “whip” to describe her – when pushing through the budget, and is admired for her ability to get her head around arcane budgetary and policy detail. Which will be useful when she has to formulate French policy on Britain’s chaotic departure from the EU, if and when it happens.

She is also the vice-president of the parliamentary group of Macron's La République en Marche party.

READ ALSO: Blow for Brits in France as 'Brexit minister' quits French government

What about her private life?

De Montchalin is married to a business consultant and is the mother of three children, including twins.

She is a staunch Catholic, and it was in religious terms that she had described her arrival in the tempestuous world of politics.

“I responded to a call, not from the Angel Gabriel, but from a certain Emmanuel,” she said in a 2017 speech.

Does she have a cat called Brexit?

Her predecessor Nathalie Loiseau joked that she owned a very indecisive cat that she called Brexit. There have been no reports so far that the new Europe Minister owns any pets whose names are linked to Britain’s unhappy relationship with the EU.


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Brexit: Brits in EU feel European and don’t want to return home

The majority of Britons who live in the EU, Norway, Iceland or Switzerland and are protected under the Brexit agreement feel European and intend to remain in Europe permanently, but many have concerns about travel problems, a new survey reveals.

Brexit: Brits in EU feel European and don't want to return home

The research also shows that problems exist and “travel is where most issues relating to the new status currently occur”. For instance, border officials are still stamping passports of UK citizens with residence rights under the EU UK withdrawal agreement, even though they shouldn’t.

“There is constant confusion around passport stamping. I was ‘stamped in’ to France on a short trip… but could not find anyway to be ‘stamped out’ again. I think I can only spend 90 days in other EU countries, but have no idea how anyone can check or enforce that – until someone decides to try. It’s a mess,” was one of the answers left in an open question.

“Every time I go through a Schengen border control, I need to provide both my passport and Aufenthaltstitel card [resident permit in Germany] and watch to check that they don’t stamp my passport. As I am currently travelling a lot that’s been 20-odd times this year…” another respondent said.

The survey was carried out by Professor Tanja Bueltmann, historian of migration and diaspora at the University of Strathclyde in Glasgow, between October and November 2022. About 1,139 UK citizens replied.

Of these, 80 per cent found acquiring their new status easy or very easy, 60.7 per cent feel their rights are secure, while 39.3 per cent have concerns about their status going forward.

Staying permanently

More than three quarters (76.6 per cent) of respondents said they plan to live permanently in the EU or the other countries of the European Economic Area and Switzerland. In fact, 65.7 per cent said that Brexit has increased the likelihood of this choice.

For some, the decision is linked to the difficulty to bring non-British family members to the UK under new, stricter immigration rules.

“My German wife and I decided we no longer wanted to live in UK post Brexit referendum. In particular, we were affected by the impact of immigration law […] We cannot now return to UK on retirement as I cannot sponsor her on my pension. We knew it was a one-way journey. Fortunately, I could revive an application for German citizenship,” was a testimony.

“My husband is a US citizen and getting him a visa for the UK was near impossible due to my low income as a freelance journalist. We realized under EU law, moving to an EU country was easier. We settled on Austria as we had both lived there before… we could speak some German, and we like the mountains,” said another respondent.

Professor Bueltmann noted that the loss of free movement rights in the EU could be a factor too in the decision of many to stay where they are.

Citizenship and representation

Among those who decided to stay, 38.2 per cent are either applying or planning to apply for a citizenship and 28.6 per cent are thinking about it.

A key finding of the research, Bueltmann said, is that the vast majority of British citizens do not feel politically represented. Some 60 per cent of respondents said they feel unrepresented and another 30 per cent not well represented.

Another issue is that less than half (47.5 per cent) trust the government of their country of residence, while a larger proportion (62 per cent) trust the European Union. Almost all (95.6 per cent) said they do not trust the UK government.

Feeling European

The survey highlights the Brexit impacts on people’s identity too. 82.6 per cent of respondents said they see themselves as European, a higher proportion than those identifying as British (68.9 per cent).

“Brexit has really left me unsure of what my identity is. I don’t feel British, and I certainly don’t identify with the mindset of a lot of British people who live there. Yet, I am not Danish either. So, I don’t really know anymore!” said one of the participants in the survey.

Professor Bueltmann said the survey “demonstrates that Brexit impacts continue to evolve: this didn’t just stop because the transition period was over or a deadline for an application had been reached. Consequently, Brexit continues to shape the lives and experiences of British citizens in the EU/EEA and Switzerland in substantial, sometimes life-altering, ways.”

Considering the results of the study, Professor Bueltmann recommends policy makers in the EU and the UK to address the issue of lack of representation, for instance creating a joint UK-EU citizens’ stakeholder forum.

The report also recommends the UK government to rebuild trust with British citizens in the EU introducing voting rights for life and changing immigration rules to allow British-European families to return more easily. 

This article was prepared in cooperation with Europe Street News.