Q&A: What’s the latest on the oil slick heading for France’s west coast?

The south west coast of France is bracing itself for the arrival of an oil slick after an Italian cargo ship went up in flames and sank 300 kilometres west of the town of La Rochelle on Tuesday. Here is the latest on the situation.

Q&A: What's the latest on the oil slick heading for France's west coast?
Flames on the Italian merchant ship Grande America. Photo: MARINE NATIONALE / AFP
The French authorities are busy working to reduce the impact the sinking of the Italian cargo ship named the Grande America will have on the western coast of France. 
This is the latest on the situation. 
How exactly did the oil slick occur?
In addition to 2,200 tonnes of heavy fuel the “Grande America” had onboard, it was also transporting 2,000 cars and 365 shipping containers, 45 of which held dangerous materials, including a hundred tonnes of hydrochloric acid and 70 tonnes of sulphuric acid.
A 10-kilometre (six-mile) by one-kilometre oil slick was first spotted by a French naval aircraft on Wednesday afternoon, after the fire aboard the Italian cargo ship that sank on Tuesday, 300 kms west of the town of La Rochelle.
Oil in the ocean after the Italian cargo ship Grande America burned and sank off the western French coast. Handout / MARINE NATIONALE / AFP
What's happening now?
According to the latest reports, the slick has now divided, meaning two separate sheets of oil are now heading in the direction of the south west coast of France.
The two sheets are drifting “directly east” at a speed of 35km per day, said Stéphane Doll, director of Cedre (France's center, research and experimentation on accidental water pollution).
“One is 13 km long and 7 km wide, it has a fairly compact appearance, the second is 9 km long and 7 km wide and looks a little more fragmented,” said Riaz Akhoune
“These two sheets are about 20 km apart,” said the spokesman of the maritime authorities Riaz Akhoune. “The second is vertical to the wreck, which lies at a depth of 4,600 meters.”
All 27 people onboard were rescued. 

When is it expected to arrive on the French coast?
The oil slick is creeping towards the south west coast, with forecasts showing fragments of the slick reaching parts of the Atlantic coast as early as Sunday night or Monday. 
How are the French authorities planning to deal with it?
“There is a risk, so we must do everything to reduce it and to reduce the impact of pollution of our coasts,” France's Environment Minister Francois de Rugy said.
“Our goal is to pump everything that can be pumped,” he said although he added that the current conditions, with very rough seas, make it is impossible to pump any oil at the moment. 
“Reconnaissance helicopters have taken off from Brittany,” said the Minister of Ecological Transition and an underwater robot will also be deployed to see if there are any cracks on the wreck that could still leak oil.
On top of that, a large ship and spill guards are already on site and others should be deployed to try and contain the oil. 
A VN Partisan ship departing from Brest. Handout / MARINE NATIONALE / AFP

Is any other action being taken?
An investigation into the incident has been opened by the public prosecutor's office and French conservation NGO Robin des Bois has also announced its intention to file a complaint.
Several other environmental protection associations are also studying the possibilities of lodging a complaint.
French MP Matthieu Orphelin, who is close to former Environment Minister Nicolas Hulot, said it was necessary to “go further” in the regulation of maritime freight transport at European level.
How serious is the situation?
On a positive note, it is not an oil tanker that has caused the slick but a cargo ship which means the amount of oil in the sea isn't as high as it could be, Corinne Lepage, a lawyer and former Environment Minister, told La Depeche
However she went on to deliver the bad news which is that the oil from the Grande America is very dirty, very heavy oil and then there is the chemical pollution, with hydrochloric acid and sulfuric acid which are very harmful for marine fauna. There could also be toxic waste.
How are people reacting?
Oyster farmers have voiced their concerns over the situation, fearing that the pollution from the oil slick could destroy their product.
Normally the sea water which feeds the oyster beds is renewed every 15 days but Pierre-Julien Grassetin, an oyster farmer in Port-des-Barques (Charente-Maritime) told BFM TV that this month, “we will try to keep our water that is already in there and pure”. 
However they can only do this once and if they do not have pure sea water afterwards, the oyster farmer “will not be able to work, market our oysters and store them” because they will become unfit for consumption.

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France gets help from EU neighbours as wildfires rage

Firefighting teams and equipment from six EU nations started to arrive in France on Thursday to help battle a spate of wildfires, including a fierce blaze in the parched southwest that has forced thousands to evacuate.

France gets help from EU neighbours as wildfires rage

Most of the country is sweltering under a summer heatwave compounded by a record drought – conditions most experts say will occur more often as a result of rapid climate change.

“We must continue, more than ever, our fight against climate disruption and … adapt to this climate disruption,” Prime Minister Elisabeth Borne said after arriving at a fire command post in the village of Hostens, south of Bordeaux.

The European Commission said four firefighting planes would be sent to France from Greece and Sweden, as well as teams from Austria, Germany, Poland and Romania.

“Our partners are coming to France’s aid against the fires. Thank you to them. European solidarity is at work!” President Emmanuel Macron tweeted.

“Across the country over 10,000 firefighters and security forces are mobilised against the flames… These soldiers of fire are our heroes,” he said.

In total, 361 foreign firefighters were  dispatched to assist their 1,100 French colleagues deployed in the worst-hit part of the French southwest.

A first contingent of 65 German firefighters, followed by their 24 vehicles, arrived Thursday afternoon and were to go into action at dawn Friday, officials said.

Among eight major fires currently raging, the biggest is the Landiras fire in the southwest Gironde department, whose forests and beaches draw huge tourist crowds each summer.

It had already burned 14,000 hectares (35,000 acres) in July – the driest month seen in France since 1961 – before being contained, but it continued to smoulder in the region’s tinder-dry pine forests and peat-rich soil.

Since flaring up again Tuesday, which officials suspect may have been caused by arson, it has burned 7,400 hectares, destroyed or damaged 17 homes, and forced 10,000 people to quit their homes, said Lieutenant Colonel Arnaud Mendousse of the Gironde fire and rescue service.

Borne said nine firefighting planes are already dumping water on the blaze, with two more to be in service by the weekend.

“We battled all night to stop the fire from spreading, notably to defend the village of Belin-Beliet,” Mendousse told journalists in Hostens.

On several houses nearby, people hung out white sheets saying: “Thank you for saving our homes” and other messages of support for the weary fire battalions.

“You’d think we’re in California, it’s gigantic… And they’re used to forest fires here but we’re being overwhelmed on all sides — nobody could have expected this,” Remy Lahlay, a firefighter deployed near Hostens in the Landes de Gascogne natural park, told AFP.

With temperatures in the region hitting nearly 40C on Thursday and forecast to stay high until at least Sunday, “there is a very serious risk of new outbreaks” for the Landiras fire, the prefecture of the Gironde department said.

Acrid smoke has spread across much of the southwestern Atlantic coast and its beaches that draw huge crowds of tourists each summer, with the regional ARS health agency “strongly” urging people to wear protective face masks.

The smoke also forced the closing of the A63 motorway, a major artery toward Spain, between Bordeaux and Bayonne.

The government has urged employers to allow leaves of absence for volunteer firefighters to help fight the fires.

Meanwhile, in Portugal, more than 1,500 firefighters were also battling a fire that has raged for days in the mountainous Serra da Estrela natural park in the centre of the country.

It has already burned 10,000 hectares, according to the European Forest Fire Information System (EFFIS).