France's news in English

Editions:  Austria · Denmark · France · Germany · Italy · Norway · Spain · Sweden · Switzerland

French Word of the Day: genre

Share this article

French Word of the Day: genre
Photo: Depositphotos
15:40 CET+01:00
It’s like… you know… sort of… one of those words you can use when you’re not quite sure how to say what you mean.

Why do I need to know genre?

Genre is used all the time in conversation in France and it's one of those words that great to say when you want to sound French even when you're not sure how to express yourself. 

What does it mean?

Genre, besides 'gender', can be roughly translated as ‘type’, which may explain why we use it in English to categorize films and novels.

It has many uses in French, but the one we’re discussing here is a particular one: genre is often used as a filler word to imply a certain degree of vagueness or nonchalance, similar to the way English speakers will (over) use the word ‘like’.

So genre can precede an estimation, and mean ‘about’ or ‘more or less’. 

For example, Le mec faisait, genre, 2 mètres et 120 kilos. (The guy was, like, 6 foot 6 and 260 pounds.)

Or On a bu genre 5 bouteilles de vin avant de sortir. (We drank like 5 bottles of wine before going out.)

It can also be used to vaguely describe a certain ‘type’, often when giving examples, as in the following example: J’aime bien les chanteuses françaises genre Zaz ou Carla Bruni. (I like French singers, like, Zaz or Carla Bruni.)

Or, Je la trouve prétentieuse, genre trop belle pour traîner avec des gens comme nous. (I find her pretentious, like, too beautiful to hang out with people like us.)

Since genre is a filler word, you may also hear it pop up in conversation without any real meaning or explanation, just as you’ll hear ‘like’ overused in English.

And as you can probably tell, using genre in this way probably won’t make you sound more educated or professional (though it may make you sound more natural or laid-back), so it’s probably best to save it for informal social situations or conversations with teenagers you’re not responsible for.

How is it pronounced?

With most French speakers, you will probably notice that the -re at the end of genre pretty much disappears, leaving you with a nasally ‘jah(n)’.

For an example, check out this video from French-language instruction Youtubers Damon and Jo (the genre explanation runs from 1:55-2:29):

 
 
 
Get notified about breaking news on The Local

Share this article

The Local is not responsible for content posted by users.
Hounddogman - 27 Feb 2019 18:15
In one of Truffaut's later films ("L'Amour en fuite" perhaps?) I recall that Jean-Pierre Leaud is followed on to a train by a private detective described by Marie-France Pisier as 'Un type genre Lino Ventura'. Played, of course, by Lino Ventura.
Become a Member or sign-in to leave a comment.

From our sponsors

How to work 9-5 and travel the rest of the time

A full-time job shouldn’t stop you from satisfying your wanderlust. The Local spoke to Travel After 5 blogger Alline Waldhem to find out her tips and tricks for travellers who only have 25 days of annual leave.