Why south west France has much to fear if Brexit goes pear-shaped

France's largest region Nouvelle-Aquitaine, home to tens of thousands of Britons, potentially has a lot to lose from Brexit. Here's why the prospect of a hard-Brexit is sending jitters through the business community there, not least the vineyard owners around Bordeaux.

Why south west France has much to fear if Brexit goes pear-shaped
Photo: Jean-Pierre Muller, AFP
But that's not the only reason Brexit is likely to have a huge impact in the area.
When the British parliament massively rejected Theresa May's Brexit deal last month, UK supermarket Tesco chairman John Allan sarcastically commented that Britain would have no problem in coping with a no-deal, provided it is ‘happy to live on spam and canned peaches’.  
In the Nouvelle-Aquitaine especially – which exports millions of euros worth of wines and food to the UK each year – Allan's comments might have felt a little too close to the bone.
His words came amid a flurry of warnings from UK businesses about how a no-deal  – which looks increasingly likely – would harm British industry. But with less than five weeks to go until Brexit, businesses in Nouvelle-Aquitaine are also holding their breath. 
How the British have made south west France their home
This map of the Nouvelle-Aquitaine shows where Brits have settled there.                                                       Photo: AFP
The UK and Nouvelle-Aquitaine have been close trading partners for centuries. The region – a vast area (larger than Austria) which encompasses seven departments in the country's south west around Bordeaux is famous for its fine wines and food delicacies. It also has thriving agrifood and paper and forest-products industries.
Whatever happens on March 29th, the region – which has close historical ties to the UK dating back to the 12th century when the Eleanor of Aquitaine married the king of England – potentially has a lot to lose if things go pear-shaped.
France urges businesses to prepare for no-deal Brexit
Today, the UK is the region's fifth largest trading partner and the region's trade surplus with the UK – €869 million  – is the third biggest when compared to other countries.
A recent report from the Ministry of Agriculture and food shows that in 2015, Nouvelle-Aquitaine exported over 1.5 billion euros worth of goods to the UK, which left it ranked behind the United States, Spain, Germany and Italy as the biggest receiver of goods from the region.
Top of those exports are the region's famed alcoholic drinks, which obviously include Bordeaux wines and Cognac, which accounted for 422,9 million euros worth of exports over 12 months.
Brits are enthusiastic consumers of Bordeaux fine wines and spirits. They are the third biggest importers of expensive regional wines such as Saint Emilion, Médoc and Pessac-Léognan, and Europe's biggest importers of Cognac.
But Brits are even bigger fans of the cheaper Bordeaux wine variety with two thirds of the volumes exported being  wines costing less than 4 euros per litre.
Second and third in terms of exports to the UK are other foodstuffs and products from the agrifood and paper and forest industries, which totaled 137 millions euros and 103,4 million euros in 2015 respectively.
The economic fallout from a no-deal Brexit goes both ways: Nouvelle-Aquitaine also imports 660 million euros worth of goods every year from the UK which is its tenth biggest supplier.
A no-deal Brexit could certainly lead to a number of damaging consequences for French businesses and France has never made any bones about the fact it would prefer the UK to stay in the Union. 
“There's no point lying to ourselves, things won't be nearly as good as they used to be,” France's Europe minister Nathalie Loiseau said recently. When the UK parliament rejected Theresa May's Brexit deal, Loiseau said it  “was bad news for all parties”.
But if Brexit affects trade, it won't have the same impact throughout the region, with some departments if the Nouvelle-Aquitaine trading much more with the UK than others depending on the local delicacies produced in each area.
  • The Gironde, home to Bordeaux wines, exports more to the UK than any other department in terms of value (407 million euros in 2015), with two thirds of those goods being wine. 
  • The Dordogne is also high on the list, with €118 million of exports – mostly cardboard, bakery and patisserie goods – heading across the channel. 
  • The Charente exports €164 million of goods – mainly Cognac – to Britain while Les Landes department exports mainly cereals and foie gras.
  • The departments of Correze, Creuse, Haute-Vienne and Deux-Sevres export mainly meat and other animal products.
The Nouvelle-Aquitaine chamber of commerce has set up a number of meetings across the region to advise businesses on specific matters that will arise if the UK crashes out of the EU without a deal. 

Some of these businesses concerns include how their products will be taxed, if there will be bans or restrictions on their goods, and what paperwork will have to be filled in.
Many businesses, especially winemakers around Bordeaux are most worried about the possible consequences of a weaker pound. 
If the pound continues to fall after Brexit, British goods will become cheaper and more competitive which in turn could make French goods less competitive.
Photo: Georges Gobet, AFP
“The impact on currency is more important than Brexit itself. If there's no deal, the pound will fall, and our wines will become less competitive,” Bordeaux wine expert Jérémy Cukierman told Le Point
If the pound keeps falling, winemakers could face stiff competition from cheap wines in neighbouring Italy, Spain and further afield Australia, New Zealand or South Africa.
Another uncertainty is the question of standards – which until now are harmonized across the EU – which could also change, adding extra costs for businesses who would have to adapt their goods to new UK standards.
“The consequences of Brexit are multiple. The reinstatement of a border will hinder free movement of goods and people,” Natalia Richardson, from the Nouvelle-Aquitaine chamber of commerce told businesses at a Brexit meeting this week. “Border controls will increase paperwork and delivery times. This will also delay payments and will have a financial and personal cost.” 
Nationally, the French government has released a series of recommendations to help French businesses cope with Brexit. For now as the prospect of a no-deal creeps closer, businesses are just having to wait and see. 

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Brits in Europe won right to vote for life in UK but questions remain

After years of campaigns and promises British citizens living abroad finally won the lifelong right to vote in UK general elections in April 2022. But campaigners say more needs to be done to allow all those Britons abroad to be able cast their votes easily.

Brits in Europe won right to vote for life in UK but questions remain

What’s in the law?

The Elections Act 2022 introduced several changes to the current legislation on electoral participation. Among these, it removed the rule by which British citizens lose their voting rights in the UK if they have lived abroad for more than 15 years

The new rules also abolished the requirement to have been previously registered in the UK electoral roll to become an overseas voter. In addition, the registration in the electoral roll will now last up to three years instead of only one year.

It is estimated that these changes could increase the number of overseas voter registrations by some 3 million. But the way new measures will be applied in practice is still to be defined.

READ ALSO: ‘Mixed feelings’ – British citizens in Europe finally get right to vote for life

Defining the practicalities

Under the new law, Britons living abroad will have to register to vote in the last place they were registered in the UK. This means that people who have never lived in the UK will be ineligible to vote, regardless of how long they have been overseas, while those who left when they were children will be able to use a parent or guardian’s address.

But given that the UK does not require residents to register with local councils, how to prove previous UK residence? “Typical documents accepted as a proof of residence are Council tax or utilities bills, but not everyone will have them or will have kept them in an international move,” says Fiona Godfrey, co-founder of the British in Europe coalition.

Ballot papers are pictured in stacks in a count centre as part of the 2019 UK general election. (Photo by ANDY BUCHANAN / AFP)

Other questions concern how people will effectively cast their ballot. UK citizens overseas will be able to vote by post or by proxy or in person at their polling station if they are in the UK at the time of the election. However, few people are likely to travel to the UK for an election and in the past there have problems and delays with postal voting.

The Electoral Commission has recommended that overseas electors appoint a proxy to vote on their behalf. But who could that be for people who have been away from their constituency for a long time?

New secondary legislation will have to answer these questions, defining how to be included in the electoral roll and how to exercise the voting right in practice.

According to British in Europe, the government should present draft legislation in the first half of the year so that the parliament can adopt it before summer and registrations of overseas voters can start in the autumn.

British in Europe survey

British in Europe are currently running a survey to understand the difficulties UK citizens abroad may face in the registration and voting process, as well as their intention to participate in elections.

The survey asks for instance which documents people can access to prove their previous residence in the UK, what problems they had voting in the past, and if and how they plan to vote in the future.

“We need to get an up-to-date picture of British citizens living around the world and have information to make recommendations to the government, as it prepares secondary legislation,” Godfrey said. “If millions of people will exercise their voting rights, there will be consequences for council registration offices, post office and authorities that will manage the process, among other things” she argued.

The right to vote concerns only UK parliamentary elections and national referendums, not elections in the devolved administrations of Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland, or at local level.

The survey is open to UK citizens living anywhere in the world and is available at this link.