A new research study released on Tuesday February 5th – France’s national suicide prevention day- has shed light on a mental health issue that still remains a taboo for many.
The country’s public health body released its latest suicide figures (from 2015), indicating that almost 9,000 people took their own lives in that year – although the real figure is likely higher.
Although there isn’t a obvious gulf between the north and south in terms of suicide rates, four regions in the north and northwestern region were well above the national average (15.8 per 1,000 inhabitants).
- In France a person commits suicide every hour, so what needs to be done
- French farming hit by 600 suicides a year
Brittany had the highest rate nationally (24.7/100 000) followed by Pays-de-la-Loire (21.3), Hauts-de-France (20.7) and Normandy (19.5).
By contrast Ile-de-France where the French capital lies had the lowest rate of suicide in metropolitan France with 7.6 suicides per 100,000 inhabitants, half the national average.
“If we consider all data (actual suicides, attempted suicides/hospitalisations and suicidal thoughts), the Hauts-de-France region has the worst results,” Santé Publique reported.
“The regions where this total proportion is the lowest are Île-de-France (6.2 percent) and Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes (5.9 percent).
En 2015, il y a eu 8.948 décès par suicide en France métropolitaine, rappelle l'agence sanitaire en citant les données du Centre d'épidémiologie sur les causes médicales de décès (CépiDc-Inserm) #AFP pic.twitter.com/LoSrYn82Af
— Agence France-Presse (@afpfr) February 5, 2019
Santé Publique’s study also found that 7.2 percent of French adults aged 18 to 75 have attempted suicide in their lifetime and that 4 in every 1,000 have done so in the previous 12 months.
But the research, which took data from 25,000 people, hasn’t included subjects aged 15 to 19, an age when attempted suicides are far more common than in adult life (30 percent among teenage girls and 19.5 percent among teenage boys).
The most common factors associated with suicidal behavior are “difficult financial situations, celibacy, divorce or losing a partner, unemployment and traumatic events”.
High rates of suicide have long been a concern in France especially in certain professions, notably farmers and police who last year were hit by dozens of suicides prompting the government to come up with a prevention plan.
Certain tragic events have brought the problem into the public eye such as the elderly couple who checked into a chic Paris hotel and took their own lives in bed.
Jean-Claude Delgenes, the director of Technologia, a company which works to highlight health concerns for workers and who has long studied the phenomenon of suicide in France, says the government urgently needs to make the issue a priority.
“In France suicide has never been a national public health priority,” he told The Local previously.
“We are a long way behind countries like the UK, who have been working on preventing suicides for 50 years. We had to wait until the 2000s. Today we just don't talk about it enough.