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Looking for work in France? Here are the most sought after jobs for 2019

There are job vacancies across every region in France, with openings for all kinds of trades. *This is a language learner article*

Looking for work in France? Here are the most sought after jobs for 2019
Photos: AFP

*This is a French language learner article. The words in bold are translated into French at the bottom of the article.

France’s economic growth under President Emmanuel Macron hasn’t been as stellar as initially predicted but even with Brexit and Trump’s trade wars with China set to dominate 2019, there's good reason to be positive about job creation this year. 

According to international recruitment agency Adecco, there are job shortages in every corner of the country, and not just in technical or specialised fields.

From October to December of 2018, there were more than 455,000 jobs available in retail, the most undersupplied job sector in France, followed by IT in second place with 279,000 available positions and in third the wholesale trade sector numbering 260,000 vacancies.

Other job sectors with employee shortages include the restaurant and catering industry (254,000 vacancies), architecture and engineering (227,000), office jobs (222,000), construction (180,000), community work (168,000), teaching (162,000) and real estate (157,500).

In terms of what specific job candidates are most in demand, storekeepers and warehouse clerks top the list with more than 44,000 unfilled positions, followed by mechanics with 35,000 and deliverymen/women and drivers in third with 32,000.

There are also more than 20,000 jobs available in France for sales assistants, software developers, logistics technicians and cleaners and between 15,000 and 20,000 for waiters, public works builders and technical sales representatives.

All in all there were 1.4 million jobs available in France during the three-month period at the end of 2018.

Understandably Ile-de-France where the French capital lies had the biggest job offering with almost 290,000 vacancies but the job market was also vastly undersupplied in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes – where you'll find cities such as Lyon, Grenoble and Saint-Etienne – with a huge shortage of 219,000 unfilled positions.

Another positive point worth noting is that full-time jobs increased by 10 percent by the last quarter of 2018.


French vocab to learn

livreur/livreuse: delivery man/woman

développeur informatique: IT/software developer

(le) commerce de détail: retail industry

(le) commerce de gros: wholesale trade

(la) restauration: restaurant and catering industry

(l') enseignement: teaching 

technico-commercial: technical sales representative

un poste vacant/un poste à pouvoir: a job vacancy 

à temps plein/complet: full-time 

FIND A JOB: Browse thousands of English-language vacancies in France 


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For members


How to get a summer job in France

As the summer holidays approach in France, many employers are looking for seasonal workers - so if you're looking for a summer job, here's how to go about it.

How to get a summer job in France

There are thousands of employment offers in France – a simple internet search for jobs d’été came up with numerous jobs boards offering work in France, while the government-backed Centre d’Information et de Documentation pour la Jeunesse (CIDJ) offers advice and information on all aspects of life for young people in France, including finding seasonal work and summer placements.

Sectors including agriculture, hospitality and tourism are always recruiting in the summer, seeking fruit-pickers, holiday camp workers and serving/hotel staff.

But what are the rules for people seeking summer jobs?

READ ALSO Vendange: What you really sign up for when you agree to help with the French wine harvest


Children from the age of 16 (under certain circumstances, the age limit drops to 14) who are legally resident in France can work as long as they have written authorisation from their parents or legal guardians. A model authorisation letter is available here

Those under the age of 18 cannot undertake certain jobs for health and safety reasons.

In the following circumstances, children as young as 14 or 15 can work during school holidays.

  • The holidays must last at least 14 days;
  • The child must work no more than half the days of the holiday – so, if a vacation period is two weeks, they can work for no more than one of those weeks;
  • The child is given ‘light duties’ that offer no risk to their safety, health, or development;
  • From the age of 15 and if the child has completed their troisieme education, a minor can register for an apprenticeship. 


Salary is usually paid monthly and will have a payslip. For those aged 18 and over, pay will be at least equal to the minimum wage.

 For those aged 14 to 17, who have less than six months’ professional experience, the minimum allowed rate is 80 percent of the minimum wage. For those aged 17 to 18, the rate rises to a minimum of 90 percent of France’s minimum wage.

  • The minimum wage in France is currently €10.85 gross per hour (€1,645.58 gross per month based on a 35-hour week);
  • the employment contract is fixed-term and can take different forms (fixed-term contract, seasonal employment contract, temporary employment contract, etc);
  • Seasonal employees are subject to the same obligations as the other employees of the company and have access to the same benefits (canteens, breaks, etc.).

Under 18s have certain additional protections:

  • between the ages of 14 and 16, during school holidays, employees on any contract cannot work more than 35 hours per week nor more than 7 hours per day;
  • They cannot work at night;
  • Those aged 14 to under 16 working during their school holidays can only be assigned to work which is not likely to harm their safety, their health or development.

Right to work in France

If you’re a French citizen or hold permanent residency in France then you have the right to work, but for foreigners there are extra restrictions.

Anyone who holds the passport of a EU/EEA country or Switzerland, is free to work in France or to travel to France seeking work without needing a visa or work permit.

Most other people will need permission to work in France – even if it’s only for a short period or for casual work such as grape-picking. Depending on your country of origin you may need a visa – everything you need to know about that is here.

In addition to the visa, you may also need a work permit, which is the responsibility of the employer.  To employ anyone in France for less than 90 days, an employer must get a temporary work permit – before the prospective employee applies for a short stay visa. This permit is then sent to the embassy at which the employee is applying for a visa.

If you come from countries including the UK, USA and Canada you can spend up to 90 days in France without a visa – but you may still need a work (convention d’accueil) if you want to work while you are here.

READ ALSO Six official websites to know if you’re planning to work in France

Certain countries have specific ‘seasonal worker’ visas on offer, for certain sectors which allows – for example – Canadians to come to France and work the ski season. 

Cash-in-hand jobs

Certain sectors which have a lot of casual workers – for example seasonal fruit-picking – do have cash-in-hand jobs, known in France as marché noir (black market) or simply travail au black (working on the black, or working illegally). 

This is of course illegal and working this way carries risks – as well as the possibility of losing your job if labour inspectors turn up you are also in a vulnerable position. If your employer suddenly decides not to pay you, or make unexpected deductions from your wages, there is very little you can do about it since you won’t have any kind of work contract.