French student union UNL-SD has told the government to expect December 11 to be remembered as a “black Tuesday” (Mardi Noir) in the history books, with another round of student protests called in city centres across l’Héxagone.
France’s Ministry of Education believes 10 percent of lycées (French secondary and high schools) will be affected by the call to protest, around 450 institutions.
Fifty of them have been totally blockaded to prevent pupils who aren’t protesting from going to class. High school students are being encouraged to mobilise again “by whatever means possible, including barricades and occupations,” as UNL-SD’s newsletter reads.
By 9am on Tuesday, Twitter was already awash with videos showing student protests across France such as the following, with the hashtag #mardinoir trending.
— الأميرة✨ (@uaretheonlygod) December 11, 2018
— elisa (@bourgeoiselisa4) December 11, 2018
Last Tuesday saw educational facilities in Versailles, Créteil and Marseille affected and there were student protests in Lyon and in the eastern city of Mulhouse where police fired tear gas into the crowds of demonstrators. A lycée in Toulouse was set on fire. In Le Havre, 17 minors who were protesting were placed under police custody.
The protest movement shows no signs of subsiding and this “mardi noir” it’s expected to spread West across France.
Last week there was an outcry in France when students were pictured kneeling in front of police with the hands on their heads after being arrested follwing trouble in the town of Mantes-la-Jolie.
Students oppose the government's recent education reforms of the Baccalaureate and of the lycée (the last three years of secondary school) which are currently being implemented.
Before their final year students will now choose two specific “major” subjects as well as two “minors” alongside the standard curriculum.
And instead of being based purely on results in the final exams, the new Bac grade would incorporate marks and test results obtained throughout the two final years of school.
The reforms aim to orientate students toward specific degrees sooner and to eliminate the three broad subject choices — science, literature or social sciences.
The high school demos come at a time when France is engulfed by the ‘yellow vests’ protest movement, spurring some commentators to see these student protests as just teenagers jumping on the bandwagon of general discontent in Macron’s divided France.
“There are many reasons why we're protesting but our anger comes from the same place as the yellow vests and the government has made some really destructive reforms. It's in our interest to be on their side,” president of the UNL student union Louis Boyard told French media.