French business leaders warn Macron they are running out of patience

French business leaders expected more from Emmanuel Macron and have sent a message of warning to the French president that their patience will eventually run out if he fails to turn to the economy round.

French business leaders warn Macron they are running out of patience
Macron needs to do more for businesses in France, says the corporate world. AFP

When he won the presidency 15 months ago, Emmanuel Macron charmed company chiefs with a promise to make it easier to do business in France. But the economy remains sluggish, and bosses' patience is waning.

A former investment banker, Macron had pledged to run France more like a start-up, moving swiftly to shake-up the country's famously complex labour laws to make it easier to hire and fire people.

He vowed to attract foreign investment, kickstart slow growth and slash unemployment which had been stuck at around 10 percent under his Socialist 
predecessor Francois Hollande.

But tax cuts intended to spur spending and investment have yet to bear much fruit: his government has been forced to reduce this year's growth forecast from 2.0 percent to 1.7 percent. 

This prompted Prime Minister Edouard Philippe to announce at the weekend that he was dropping targets for reducing the deficit.

Lacklustre economic results add to a growing pile of problems on Macron's desk, including the resignation of his popular environment minister Nicolas 
Hulot and a scandal involving a top security aide.

Unemployment is edging down only slowly — it remains at 9.1 percent — and Macron's popularity ratings are hovering at record lows around 36 percent.

'Hasn't all been terrible'

For now, the 40-year-old centrist can still count on widespread support in the business community, although bosses warn that will change unless Project Macron yields better results.

“We have to acknowledge that it hasn't all been terrible. Reforms that had never been taken have been put in place in a year,” said Jacques Letort, head of a construction company.

His view was widely shared at the summer gathering of employers' organisation MEDEF, which wrapped up in the Paris suburb of Jouy-en-Josas on Wednesday.

Business leaders were impressed that Macron managed to push through the labour reforms in the face of repeated mass protests led by trade unions. 

“Macron has made very strong decisions,” Francoise Cattalan-Johnson, head of a real estate rental company, told AFP at the conference. 

In a survey of business leaders by OpinionWay last month, 54 percent said they were satisfied with Macron's actions — 13 percent more than in May when he was struggling with public sector protests and rolling rail strikes. 

And 65 percent agreed the government was keeping up the pace of the reforms in the face of protests.

But the corporate world is starting to show signs of impatience. 

Macron's government has “given confidence back to entrepreneurs”, MEDEF chief Geoffroy Roux de Bezieux said Tuesday, but “this regained confidence remains fragile”.

“We'd prefer proof of his love over declarations of love,” he said.

'Too much fat'

In particular businesses hoped cuts to public spending — which represents 57 percent of GDP in France, against 46 percent on average in Europe — would create private sector opportunities.

Macron promised on the campaign trail to slash 120,000 of France's 5.6 million public sector jobs by the end of his five-year term, an issue that has  contributed to angry street protests.

Philippe said on Sunday that only 4,500 public sector jobs will be axed in 2019 and some 10,000 in 2020 — figures seen as too low to allow Macron to  keep his promise. 

Some business leaders say the government should not be using slow growth as an excuse for delaying public sector cuts.

Philippe Marty, who runs a consultancy, said there was “too much fat” in the French public sector, which employs 80 staff for every 1,000 people —  significantly higher than the European average of 61.

“Yes, Macron is more pro-business, but there are still things to do,” Marty said.

“Macron has said he wants to deliver for businesses. That's great, but I'm waiting for action,” he added.

“Business leaders still have faith in him but watch out, it won't last.”

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French court hands Amazon €90,000-per-day fine over contracts

French authorities on Wednesday slapped a €90,000-per-day fine on e-commerce giant Amazon until it removes abusive clauses in its contracts with businesses using its platform to sell their goods.

French court hands Amazon €90,000-per-day fine over contracts

The anti-fraud Direction générale de la concurrence, de la consommation et de la répression des fraudes (DGCCRF) service said the online sales giant’s contracts with third-party sellers who use its website contain “unbalanced” clauses.

“The company Amazon Services Europe did not comply completely with an injunction it was served and it is now subject to a fine of €90,000 per day of delay” in applying the changes, the DGCCRF said in a statement.

It also urged the platform to conform with European rules on equity and transparency for firms using online platforms.

Amazon said the order would harm consumers.

“The changes imposed by the DGCCRF will stop us from effectively protecting consumers and permit bad actors to set excessive prices or spam our clients with commercial offers,” the e-commerce giant said in a statement.

“We will comply with the DGCCRF’s decision but we absolutely do not understand it and we are challenging it in court,” responded the e-commerce giant in a statement.

Amazon said the clauses that the DGCCRF has ordered removed had, for example “prevented the appearance of exorbitant prices for mask and hydroalcoholic gel during the pandemic”.

In 2019, Amazon was fined €4 million for “manifestly unbalanced” contract clauses with third-party sellers on its site in a case brought by the DGCCRF.