Arsene Tchakarian, a tailor of Armenian origin, died on Saturday at a hospital near his home in the Paris suburb of Vitry-sur-Seine.
He was a member of a small group of foreign Resistance members led by Armenian poet and fellow communist Missak Manouchian that carried out attacks on German forces and acts of sabotage in Nazi-occupied France in 1943.
In 1944, the group, which included a number of Jews, was put out of action when 23 of its members were rounded up and sentenced to death by a German military court.
The collaborationist Vichy regime later tried to discredit the group and defuse the anger over the executions in an infamous red poster depicting the dead fighters as terrorists.
L'Affiche Rouge (“Red Poster”) is a famous propaganda poster distributed by Vichy France and German authorities in the spring of 1944 in occupied Paris, to discredit the Manouchian Group. Photo: YouTube
Tchakarian, who was born in Turkey in 1916, managed to avoid arrest and escape to Bordeaux, where he remained active in the Resistance until the war ended.
He received multiple medals for his bravery but had to wait until 1958 before being granted French citizenship.
After the war the father of six became a tireless campaigner for the recognition of the mass killings of Ottoman Armenians during World War 1 as genocide.
In 2012, he received the Legion of Honour, France’s highest distinction.