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NUDITY

Can people go topless in French towns in the summer?

As temperatures soar in France this week, you might be tempted to remove your top in order to cool down. But beware, you could pay hefty price for going topless in a French town.

Can people go topless in French towns in the summer?
Illustration photo: AFP
Even if nudism is enjoying a boom in France that doesn't mean you wander round French seaside towns bare-chested in order to beat the heat.
 
While it is no longer illegal in France to be shirtless in public — that law was abolished in 1994 — several municipalities, including several seaside towns have taken action against people who don't cover up, with mayors ordering the police to fine those baring their chests. 
 
For example those who decide to go shirtless in the town of Trouville-sur-Mer on the Normandy coast, face fines of up to €17 while at La Grande Motte, a popular seaside resort in the southern French region of Occitanie this penalty jumps to €60.
 
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How to make the most of Paris in the summer heatPhoto: AFP

Last year, Bandol on the French Riviera introduced its own fine of €38.

However while you might get an on-the-spot fine for going topless in certain French towns, according to lawyer Elise Humbert these penalties aren't strictly legal. 
 
Up until 1994 French law prohibited any public show of contempt for modesty and the crime was punishable by up to two years of prison and up to €15,000 in fines. 
 
But today, only “sexual exhibition imposed on the sight of others” is punished with offenders facing up to one year in prison and up to €15,000 in fines.
 
As a result, there are cases of people who have challenged these local fines in court and won. 
 
In 2008, for example, pensioner André Bauer who had been convicted twice for walking around bare-chested brought his case to the administrative court of Montpellier in the south of France. 
 
In the end, the court decided that there was no justification for prohibiting going shirtless. 
 
This ban can only be “decided if there are particular local circumstances that justify it,” Humbert explained to the French press.
 
Even so, you might want to avoid the hassle and just cover up. 
 
For women the issue of going topless can be a bit more complicated… and that includes on the beach — even though it's fine for women to be topless on most public beaches in France, it's not accepted everywhere. 
 
Touristy spots along the Riviera and Atlantic coast are good bets, and it's also worth noting that for reasons ranging from skin cancer to people taking pictures on mobile phones, French women aren't quite so willing to take off their bikini tops in public. 
 
Photo: AFP
 
If in doubt, it's a good idea to check out the rules at public beaches and ask the locals what's acceptable.
 
Meanwhile in parks in Paris it is strictly forbidden to go topless unless you make a special trip to a designated naturist area. 
 
In fact bathing suits should not be worn in official city parks and, according to the official rules, dress should be “decent and in accordance with good morals and public order.”
 
And those caught wearing inappropriate clothing face fines of up to €38 euros, police say.

 
But even though you aren't supposed to sunbathe topless, that doesn't mean you won't see people doing it. 
 
At Paris plages however the rules are a little more relaxed. Police say that “when the thermometer rises a few degrees to put on your best bathing suit and find a little corner of grass or the welcoming banks of the Seine to put down your towel.” 
 
For more rules on going au naturel in France, click here
 
Going au naturel: The rules for taking your clothes off in France
Photo: AFP

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NUDITY

Bare necessities: The rules for taking your clothes off in France

France is known for its topless sunbathers and nudist resorts. But it isn't just a simple case of getting your kit off willy-nilly, there are some rules you need to abide by. Here's what you need to know about getting naked the French way.

Bare necessities: The rules for taking your clothes off in France
Photo: AFP
It's not just beaches where you're likely to find groups of people going au naturel in public in France. 
 
In fact for a brief period Paris even had a nudist restaurant, although that closed after 15 months die to a lack of custom, and in August 2017, Parisian nudists were finally given a spot to take it all off – at a secluded zone in the Bois de Vincennes park east of the city.
 
And with the places to get naked on the rise in France, it's a good idea to familiarise yourself with the rules that govern baring all in public. 
 
“The first rule for any naturist is to respect other people,” Jacques Freeman of the Association for the Promotion of Naturism in Liberty (APNEL) tells The Local. “And it's really important not to be confrontational about your choice to be nude, for example if your neighbours don't like you sunbathing naked in the garden.”
 
“There is no law against being naked in public in France – there is a law against disturbing the public order which means you'd probably be arrested if you walked into a church naked, for example,” he says. 
 
“If you're walking in a forest naked and you come across people who are shocked or surprised by it then you should cover up and, if you have a chance, talk to them about it.” 
 
Photo: AFP
 
Freeman also stressed that there can be misunderstandings on both sides of the divide, with some naturists against the fact that you can be clothed in naturist areas, such as beaches. 
 
Naturism, Freeman says, is primarily about allowing people in society to accept each other for their differences, for example religion or skin colour. 
 
Nevertheless, he added that when it comes to getting naked in France, there are some rules you will want to follow to avoid being yelled at by beachgoers.
 
Here's our list of what you need to know before getting naked in France. 
 
Going topless
 
Even though it's fine for women to be topless on most public beaches in France, it's not accepted everywhere. 
 
Touristy spots along the Riviera and Atlantic coast are good bets, and it's also worth noting that for reasons ranging from skin cancer to creepy guys, French women aren't quite so willing to take off their bikini tops in public. 
 
If in doubt, it's a good idea to check out the rules at public beaches and ask the locals what's acceptable.
 
Going bottomless
 
If you're someone who's willing to go completely au naturel in France, then you'll need to do a bit more homework. 
 
Being completely naked is accepted on certain stretches of isolated public sand and on designated nudist beaches or colonies like the famous Cap d'Agde in the south of France. 
 
So please don't slip your shorts or skirts off in the midst of the beach crowd just because you're in France. 
 
 
Photo: AFP
 
Be respectful
 
As Jacques Freeman of the Association for the Promotion of Naturism in Liberty (APNEL) tells us, it's important to be respectful of others. 
 
Of course, the sight of unclothed flesh on the beach can be a bit of an eye-catcher for the uninitiated, but it's bad form to take photos without asking first, or to stare or point. 
 
It sounds like common sense, but to many foreign visitors, especially from the UK or the United States, attractive people in public without much (or any) clothing can be something of a novelty. 
 
Also for the gentlemen 'sans culottes' who find themselves a bit too excited by the spectacle, please consider covering up or going for a swim, or you could land yourself in trouble.
 
You don't have to get completely naked
 
At the vast majority of French beaches clothing is mandatory, though topless women bathers are generally tolerated too. 
 
But if you end up on a designated nudist beach it is OK to keep your clothes on, though there are some high-profile exceptions like the so-called ‘naked city' naturist colony in Cap d'Agde in south-western France. There they'll tell you you have to get naked on the beach.
 
Naturist holiday centres
 
There's a wide selection of naturist resorts in France and most have their own set of rules when it comes to getting naked. 
 
In holiday centres, wearing clothes is tolerated in some situations, for example if the weather isn't as hot as you'd hoped or participating in some sporting activities.
 
It's best to contact the centre you're thinking of visiting to find out its policies. 

 
But nudity is generally the norm when the temperature permits and usually required near swimming pools and bathing places.
 
Photo: AFP
 
Naked hiking
 
Some nudists in France enjoy straying from the beach to go for a scenic walk. While there is no law forcing you to keep your clothes on while on footpaths, several naturists have been fined in the past. 
 
Freeman told The Local anyone wanting to go for a naked hike should “keep a low profile” and be prepared to put on clothes when they come into contact with people, to “avoid any confrontation”.
 
Paris parks 
 
Strictly it is banned to be naked in a Paris park unless you make a special trip to a designated naturist area. 
 
In fact even bathing suits should not be worn in official city parks and, according to the official rules, dress should be “decent and in accordance with good morals and public order.”
 
And those caught wearing inappropriate clothing face fines of up to €38 euros, police say.

 
But even though you aren't supposed to sunbathe topless, that doesn't mean you won't see people doing it. 
 
Wear sunscreen
 
Whether you're just dropping your top or going for the full monty, some tender parts of your anatomy, which aren't used to so much sunlight, are going to get a hefty dose of ultraviolet rays. 
 
This might sound obvious, put please don't forget to slap on the sun cream. If you think a sunburned back hurts, just wait and see how unpleasant too much daylight is on your more sensitive areas. 
 
Photo: AFP
 
And be warned, “cooler” parts of the country like Brittany where beaches might be covered in cloud or hit by strong winds can be deceptive. 
 
The sun can be just as cruel in the north-west as it can be on the Riviera, if not worse.
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