The figures, which have never before been made public, were released by the General Inspectorate of the French police (IGPN) dubbed “the police of the police” in a move to appear more transparent.
They revealed that between July 2017 and May 2018 14 people have been killed and around 100 injured by bullets fired from police weapons.
Those killed include terrorists who had staged attacks such as the jihadist who killed who students at Marseille train station and the jihadist who went on a knife rampage in the Opera area of Paris in May before being shot dead by police.
According to the IGPN the number of times police use their service weapons rose by 54 percent in 2017.
In all, police firearms were used 394 times between 2016 and 2017.
Most cases were police officers firing their hand guns that they carry on them at all times, and many cases were linked to drivers refusing to comply with a police stop.
Among France's gendarmes, military police who mainly patrol rural areas around France, the rise in the use of fire arms was 15 percent. The number of violent attacks against gendarmes have risen by 68 percent in the last year.
The figures have been revealed during a climate that has seen police protest against the rising violence they face on the ground whilst officers have also come under scrutiny for violence towards suspects, several incidents of which were caught on camera and posted online, creating yet further anger.
The IGPN revealed that the number of investigations opened against police officers accused of violence rose to 574 in 2017 compared to 543 in 2016.
Marie-France Monéger-Guyomarc'h from the IGPN said each case where a policeman has opened fire was followed by an internal investigation.
In February 2017 the previous French government passed a law that widened the definition of “legitimate defense” which effectively made it easier for police officers to use their guns without being punished.
The move was designed to help police respond more effectively to terror attacks.
The spate of terror attacks in 2015 also saw police forces in rural towns across France move to arm themselves. Municipal police forces which police small towns had been able to decide for themselves whether or not to carry arms, but were positively encouraged to do so after the November 2015 attack in Paris.