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Survivor of brutal 1978 Paris kidnapping Baron Empain dies aged 80

Leading Franco-Belgian industrialist Baron Edouard-Jean Empain, whose brutal kidnapping in France in 1978 made headlines, has died at the age of 80, a relative said.

Survivor of brutal 1978 Paris kidnapping Baron Empain dies aged 80
Baron Edouard-Jean Empain (C) speaks to reporters after hearing the verdict in the trial of 8 people involved in the kidnapping of the baron in 1978, 17 December 1982, in Paris criminal court. Photo:
Empain, who headed the Empain-Schneider group in the 1970s, died Wednesday in hospital in Pontoise, northwest of Paris, Diane Empain said on Facebook,  confirming Belgian media reports.
   
“I would like to thank the intensive care unit and all the hospital staff of this unit,” she said on her Facebook page.
   
An Empain-Schneider CEO from 1971-81, Empain was the grandson of Edouard Empain, ennobled by Belgium's King Leopold II, who built an industrial empire in the late 19th century. The company constructed the Congolese rail network and the Paris Metro.
   
The group was worth billions by the late 1970s, employing 150,000 people and comprising 300 firms.
   
Empain became famous after his abduction in broad daylight in front of his Paris apartment on January 23, 1978. He was held hostage for 63 days, during 
which time he chained up in a hideaway in a Paris suburb and starved, beaten and tortured.
   
The case grabbed public attention particularly after the kidnappers sent one of his fingers along with a ransom demand for a colossal 80 million francs.
   
A botched rendezvous to hand over the money turned into a two-day chase, with one of the kidnappers shot dead while another and two police officers were wounded.
   
The arrested kidnapper, Alain Caillol (see below), then asked his accomplices to release Empain, who was later found wandering around Paris. He had lost 20 kilogrammes (44 pounds) in weight.
 
Alain Caillol, Empain's kidnapper. Photo: AFP
 
'Man of exceptional courage'
 
Following his ordeal, Empain quickly withdrew from business, bitter that his kidnapping had not evoked sympathy on grounds that he had “disturbed” the establishment in France.
   
“I had plenty of friends who were willing to pay (the ransom), but since I did not have to come back, I did not have to pay,” he said in 2014 in an interview with Belgian newspaper L'Echo. 
   
He told the paper that at the time Belgium's King Baudouin was ready to pay for his release because of “what the Belgian crown owed the Empain family”.
   
The king informed his company but it did not respond, according to Empain.
   
In 2012, Caillol told of the kidnapping in the book “Lumiere” and said the abductors had “reverse Stockholm syndrome” towards their victim.
   
“I wanted to tell Mr Empain of the respect we had for him,” Caillol told AFP.
 
Baron Empain in 2003. Photo: AFP
   
“It's been bothering me for a long time, I did not want to die or him to die without telling him the truth,” he said.
   
“I recently saw Mr Empain, it went well. He addressed me first, I couldn't do it.
   
“We talked about things .. we shook hands,” Caillol said.
   
During the kidnapping, the abductors discovered he was “a man of exceptional courage”, according to Caillol. 
   
“There was an inverted Stockholm syndrome, he dominated us morally, everyone saw in him the dream of what he wanted to be: handsome, rich, powerful, intelligent …”
   
Empain's funeral will be held on June 29 at the church of Saint Georges de Bouffemont, just north of Paris, and he will be buried in the local cemetery, Diane Empain said.

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GAY RIGHTS

French fashion tycoon and gay rights campaigner Pierre Bergé dies aged 86

The French fashion tycoon Pierre Bergé - the business brains behind the Yves Saint Laurent empire - has died aged 86, his foundation said Friday.

French fashion tycoon and gay rights campaigner Pierre Bergé dies aged 86
AFP
Bergé, the longtime partner of the late designer Yves Saint Laurent, died in his sleep early Friday at his country home at Saint-Remy-de-Provence in southern France, the foundation said.
   
A passionate bibliophile and art collector, he was also a tireless campaigner for gay rights and donated a large part of his fortune to AIDS research.
 
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Berge in front of a portrait of longtime partner Yves Saint Laurent. AFP

Politically engaged to the end, he was an important backer and confidant of French president Francois Mitterrand, and this year threw his weight behind Emmanuel Macron's successful campaign for the Elysée Palace.
 
Former French culture minister Jack Lang led the tributes to a man he called a “true prince of the arts and culture.”
   
“He was a magician who made his life and those who he loved a symphony of happiness,” he said.
   
“Pierre Bergé was above all a marvellous and loyal friend… who was there to take on all the good fights, the noble causes, in particular to provide the means for research to defeat AIDS.”
   
Bergé and Saint Laurent were joined in a civil union a few days before the designer died of a brain tumour in 2008 aged 71.
   
Two museums dedicated to the life and work of Saint Laurent, financed by the foundation the two men founded, are to open in Paris and Morocco this year.