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What kind of school in France is best for my kids?

Choosing what kind of education you want your kids to have in France is a tough decision international parents will have to make. It's important to know the pros and cons of each option.

What kind of school in France is best for my kids?
Photo: AFP

If you’re a parent living in France, you will have to decide what is the best option for your children’s education. But the language factor and perhaps the fact you might not be in France forever add extra complications to the decision.

Do you go for a free French state school or is it better to go private? Do you want your children to mix with other international pupils or would you rather keep things French? There are no right or wrong answers but it’s worth considering your options closely before making a decision. 

Obviously, your choice is personal and will be based on many factors such as cost, location and personal preferences. But the good news – especially if you live in Paris or in other big French cities such as Nice, Bordeaux or Strasbourg which have international schools – is that you probably have the choice of several options.

State schools

In France, anyone between the ages of three and 16 has go to school (école maternelle is required starting at age three).

Most parents send their children to the local state schools, which are free apart from the cost of the means-tested canteen and after-school care fees.

British expat Tracy Thurling, who’s lived in France for over 25 years, shared with The Local in a previous interview that there was little hesitation when registering her son and daughter for a local French school.

“The kids were born in France and our intention is to make France our home,” Thurling, a wine tour guide in Burgundy told The Local previously. “We felt it was important the children get a total French cultural experience.”

What school your child goes to will depend on where you live as schools are allocated along geographical boundaries.

This is called “la sectorisation” and you can find out which primary schools you are districted to by asking your local town hall or by checking on its website.

Secondary school allocation is managed by administrative bodies called “academies”. Each one has a website where you can find out which your local secondary school is. There are different websites for the “collège” (the first part of secondary school for children aged 11 up to 15) and the “lycée” (from ages 15 to 18).

If you haven’t yet found somewhere to live, bear this in mind. Some of the best-ranked schools in France in terms of exam results are state-run but, inevitably, they are very popular and are often located in the more expensive areas especially in big cities.

If you want to send your kids to school outside your catchment area, it is possible to ask for another school. This is called a “dérogation”. You must write to the relevant “académie” giving the reasons for your request, which will be granted depending on the places available.

Often parents will make their decision on which school to choose based on how well their child is picking up their native language. So, for example, if their English is developing well at home then a free French state school will seem like the best option. Although bear in mind that your child won’t learn much English to begin with in a French state school.

If children are struggling to pick up English then parents may decide to pay out for a bilingual school, and there are an increasing number of them. Many French parents are also taking this option, believing it is a good investment if their child can pick up English as early as possible.

READ MORE: France to launch ’emergency’ English learning plan for schools

In the state system, children are supposed to have grasped some basic words and sentences in English by the end of primary school, but that’s not always the case as teachers are not normally trained to teach this.

When they start secondary school, schoolchildren have to take foreign language classes for a few hours a week, and it’s usually English. So if your kids are bilingual, they probably won’t learn much (but at least they’ll get good marks in their schoolwork.)

But there is another option in certain parts of the country, notably the capital, for parents who want their children to get lessons in English but can’t afford, or simply don’t want to pay out for, private school.

“Sections Internationales”

Some state schools in Paris and in the country’s larger cities have international sections called “sections internationales”, where classes are taught in different languages whether English, Chinese, Spanish, German or Arabic or several other languages, depending on what section parents get them into.

In primary school, children there are taught three hours of the foreign language, for example English, each week. You can find a list of all of these primary schools here: Les sections internationales à l’école primaire

In the state secondary schools with international sections, students study English literature and History and Geography in English for up to 8 hours a week, on top of all their other coursework. They read the same books as their UK or US counterparts and sit the national UK or US exam board exams in those subjects.

For all of the ‘sections internationales’ availble in France, see here: Les sections internationales au collège. And what is most attractive about these schools is that on top of the intensive language teaching, the schools are free.

What you might need to bear in mind is that these international sections, especially in Paris, are tough to get into because places are limited. Children will have to pass a rigorous English test (or the language of the international section the child has applied for) to get in. Plus places may be prioritized for those living in certain areas, for example children of families living in Paris have been favoured over those living outside the capital in the city’s suburbs.

READ MORE: Do French kids get the best school lunches in the world?

Plus given that there are only a few of them, you may be faced with transport issues in getting your kids to school on the other side of town. Many families simply end up having to move house to be nearer the school. All these factors need to be taken into account when choosing to go down this route.

And then there are….

Bilingual private and international schools

The other option is to go for a private education. In France, some private schools get state funding and therefore have to follow the national curriculum.

They are called “sous contrat” and are generally quite cheap – although the international sections aren’t always subsidised and canteen and after-school care can be more expensive than in the state schools.

Examples of these schools are the Ecole Massillon, a Catholic school in Paris which has British and German sections that run all the way from the last year of nursery through to the end of the lycée, and the Ecole Active Bilingue Jeannine Manuel in Paris which also has a branch in Lille.

For many anglophone parents living in France, one primary consideration is whether their child will be capable of working or living in an anglophone country as an adult. Bilingual and international schools can follow country-specific requirements, so if a child were to apply for university in the United States, they might be able to have passed Advanced Placement exams (AP) if the school offers them. 

Again, these schools are highly sought-after and there is generally an entrance exam so if you want your child to attend one of them, it’s best to get in early. And again you’ll have to think about moving house if you are already in France.

Other private schools receive no state subsidies and are free to follow their own independent curriculum. They are called “hors contrat” and are obviously much more expensive.

One example is the British School of Paris in Croissy-sur-Seine to the west of the capital, which follows the British Curriculum.

Parents who may only be in France for a set amount of time often choose this option.

That’s the option UK expat Nikki Wilson went for. Wilson told The Local previously that it was purely practical to enroll her boys in the British School of Paris, where lessons are taught in English. Her family came over to France for her husband’s job, and knew they wouldn’t be staying long term

“The boys were too old to start their education in France,” she said of her two teenage sons in a previous interview. “We didn’t know when we were going back. So we needed to able to slip back into the British education system.”

International schools generally have a much higher number of children from international parents enrolled in them. So you will be well and truly surrounded by other international parents, which may be an advantage although you might feel less integrated in French life.

Other examples of these schools in Paris are the bilingual “Cours Molière” in the 12th arrondissement of Paris, the American School of Paris in Saint-Cloud to the west of Paris and the International School of Paris, under the shadow of the Eiffel Tower.

By Emilie Boyer-King


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Fees to class sizes – what you need to know about private schools in France

In many countries, private schools are the preserve of the wealthy elite, but France has a wide network of private schools that are well within the financial reach of ordinary families - James Harrington explains more.

Fees to class sizes - what you need to know about private schools in France

The education system in France has its problems – at the start of the new school year some 4,000 teaching posts were unfilled and the government has launched an ‘emergency plan’ for English language lessons – but there’s no doubting there are wonderful schools and wonderful teachers making every effort to ensure children from aged three to 18 get the education they deserve.

However the country also has a sizeable network of private schools and around 15 percent of French children go to a private school. While some are undoubtedly expensive and elite, others are surprisingly affordable and provide an extra option for parents when deciding on  a school for their children.

Here’s what you need to know; 

Different types

There are two types of private school – sous contrat and hors contrat.

Sous contrat schools, of which there are about 7,500 in France, are part-funded by the state – teachers are paid by the Department of Education, for example – but also charge fees. France’s numerous Catholic schools, or regional language schools are usually sous contrat.

Hors contrat schools – which number about 2,500 – must still meet general education requirements but can choose their teaching methods and have no state funding. Private international schools found in most big cities, such as the American School of Paris, are hors contrat, but still follow mainstream teaching methods.

For comparison, there are around 60,000 state schools in France.


Yes, there are expensive private schools in France. Sending your child to the exclusive Ecole des Roches Private Boarding School, for example, will set you back more than €12,000 a term – not quite Eton or Winchester-level fees, but still well out of the reach of a large portion of the population. But, like Eton and Winchester, they’re not the norm. 

On average, fees for a day pupil – one who goes home at the end of the school day, rather than one who boards at the school – are in the region of around €2,250 a year. Meals are not included, and are generally charged at a slightly higher daily price than at state schools.

Financial aid, including scholarships, may be available for less well-off families.

READ ALSO French school canteens to cut cheese course as inflation bites

Boarding and hours

A large number of state and private schools offer Monday-Thursday boarding. It is not uncommon for pupils who excel at certain subjects or sports to attend collèges or lycées some distance from home, and board during the week.

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Daily school hours, meanwhile, are broadly similar, with children generally starting their school day at around 8am and finishing soon after 4pm on school days. Collège and lycée pupils also go into school on Wednesday mornings, and some may have classes on a Saturday, too.


Smaller class sizes and a reputation for “better” results means that private schools are increasingly popular. The number of French private schools has increased steadily over the last decade, and now 15-20 percent of pupils go to a private establishment of some form. 

On the whole, private schools tend to do better in results league tables – perhaps in part because of the additional investment from parents, but also because class sizes tend to be smaller, which allows for more one-to-one education. Smaller class sizes and more individual attention mean they may also be a better option for children who struggle in big schools.

READ ALSO What kind of school in France is best for my kids?


State schools and sous contrat schools teach to the national curriculum, which leads, in turn, to brevet and baccalaureate qualifications.

In contrast, some hors contrat private schools offer different qualifications, including American High School Diplomas and SATs, British GCSEs and A-Levels, or the international baccalaureate.


Although many sous contrat schools are Catholic, most readily accept non-Catholic children and are not allowed to indoctrinate the Catholic faith. Hors contrat schools, on the other hand, may include a religious element to their teaching.