Does the French government really intend to privatize the railways?

French rail unions have claimed that a recently leaked document provides proof that the government ultimately plans to privatize the country's railways. But is this really what the government has in store for the SNCF?

Does the French government really intend to privatize the railways?
A protester holds a sign reading "No to the killing of SNCF" as striking railway workers demonstrate in front of Gare de l'Est station in Paris on May 14, 2018. Photo: AFP
The French rail strikes kicked off at the beginning of April and have caused disruption to the country's 4.5 million train users on a rolling basis since then. 
This intense industrial action has been an attempt to prevent the government's reform of the debt-laden and loss-making SNCF rail operator which includes putting an end to the special rail worker's status for new recruits that includes a job for life, seven-hour days and generous pensions. 
The government also wants to turn the sacred SNCF into a joint-stock company whose shares would be held by the state — a move unions see as a first step towards privatisation ahead of the opening up of France's rail passenger market to competition starting in 2020.
The hardline CGT has repeatedly accused the government of hiding its true intentions.
Their claims however have been denied by the government as well as SNCF chiefs, on Sunday — the 17th day of the ongoing strike action — a document was published by Le Parisien which rail unions say is evidence of the government's plans for privatisation.  
So, what did it say?
According to this document, the railway company has asked the government to “limit the non-transferability of shares to the SNCF holding company”. 
French train services severely disrupted as unions step up strike action
Photo: AFP
In other words, only SNCF would officially be protected from privatisation while its subsidiaries, which includes SNCF Mobilités (responsible for managing the trains) and SNCF Réseau (which manages the infrastructure) would not be. 
Unions have jumped on it as proof that they were right all along. 
“This request paves the way for a privatisation of the public company while for weeks the government and management repeated to us in chorus that this railway reform is not a privatization of the SNCF,” Fabien Villedieu, spokesperson for the Sud-Est rail union told Le Parisien
Fanny Arav from the Unsa rail union suggested that the move could be a way of opening up capital at the company “little by little”. 
But is it really true that the government is seeking to privatise the railways?
According to one ex-deputy CEO of SNCF who spoke to The Local anonymously these claims are a “complete fantasy” and are more about union attempts to garnering support from the French public who, as the strikes go on, are increasingly in favour of the government's reforms. 
“This is about the unions using something insignificant to gain support,” he said. “Privatisation has always been a sensitive issue in France and they know this.
“But there is no way the government would privatise the SNCF  — it would cost them more to sort out and make attractive for another buyer than to do it on their own,” he added.
Since the media furore over the leaked document, the government has been at pains to make its position clear and dispel the rumours it intends to sell off the railways.
One of the MPs reponsible for the rail reform bill, Jean-Baptiste Djeberri has come out and said that the government will add a clarification in order to dispel the “fantasy of privatisation”. 
And France's Transport Minister Elisabeth Borne also weighed in, tweeting on Sunday: “The three businesses, the SNCF, SNCF Mobilites and SNCF Reseau are and will remain 100 percent public and non-transferable: this is not only a promise, this is what have written in the law voted on in the National Assembly! We will confirm it during the debate in the Senate.”
And there's no doubt the government will be hoping their words will be enough to calm fears as unions launched a consultation of the SNCF's 147,000 staff on whether or not they back the reform.

SNCF chief Guillaume Pepy has dismissed the consultation, which will run until May 21, as having “no legitimacy”, but unions say it will help them decide how to move forward. 
French rail unions stepped up their strike action on Monday – the 18th day of the ongoing industrial action – which left rail services severely disrupted around the country. Strikers blocked train depots and access to offices for non-striking workers.
Fewer and fewer rail staff have been taking part in the strikes as the weeks have gone on, and the Unsa union had said it was “vital to deal a heavy blow” to pressure the government into making concessions.
But despite Monday being billed by unions as a “day without rail workers”, just a little under 28 percent of SNCF staff actually walked off the job, according to company management.

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French customs officers strike over job cuts

Customs officers across France will walk out on Thursday in protest at job cuts that unions say will “weaken the customs network”.

French customs officers strike over job cuts

The national strike on Thursday, March 10th is expected to lead to delays at ports, airports and on the Eurostar.

The strike, which will include a rally outside the National Assembly building in Paris, was called by the CFDT-Douane and has the support of other unions. 

A work-to-rule protest over pay and conditions by customs officers in 2019, under the shadow of Brexit, led to delays and disruption at airports, as well as ports including Calais and Dunkirk, and on Eurostar trains.

Unions are calling on the government to axe plans to switch responsibility for import duty collection to the Direction Générale des Finances Publiques by 2024, at the cost of 700 customs’ officer jobs – and, according to strikers, tens of billions of euros to State coffers.

“We are asking for the reforms to be stopped, mainly that of the transfer of taxation, which is disorganising the network with the elimination of nearly a thousand jobs,” CFDT-Douane’s secretary general David-Olivier Caron said.

The planned job cuts come after years of restructuring and streamlining that has seen thousands of positions disappear, the unions say, when customs fraud and smuggling is rising because of a lack of resources.