One death and ten in comas: Rise in use of recreational GHB drug sparks fears in Paris

French authorities are worried over the growing use of recreational drug GHB which has caused one death and put ten young people in comas since December in France.

One death and ten in comas: Rise in use of recreational GHB drug sparks fears in Paris
Photo: Anna_Om/Depositphotos
A growing number of young people in France are using a recreational drug called GHB.
And after the drug, made from easy to access industrial solvent GBL, killed a 24-year-old man in March in Paris and left ten people in comas, the French police and health authorities are trying to come up with a solution to the problem. 
“We will develop a working group on the legal side to see if we can limit the free sale of this product [GBL],” Michel Delpuech, the prefect of police in Paris told the French press after a meeting with health authorities and representatives of the French capital's night time entertainment industry. 
“Secondly, we will work on raising awareness among the general public about what these products are and the risks they present,” he added. 
Informally known as a date rape drug, GHB is also called Liquid X, Georgia home boy and Fantasy.
Users taking the drug report feeling a heightened feeling of euphoria, increased sex drive and tranquility. But the impact depends on each person and users have reported negative effects such as feeling dizzy, confused, drowsy or vomiting. It can also result in seizures, coma and death.
Used in small quantities, the drug is diluted into drinks, with the solvent GBL turning into GHB in the body when swallowed.  
Shot of GBL for sale online. Photo: BFM TV/Screengrab
And price isn't a deterring factor, with GBL available for €120 a litre, which equates to more than 500 doses.
“Since the mid-1990s, the drug has mainly appeared in the gay community but it has recently started spreading to other clubs,” head of drugs association Aides, Fred Bladou told Le Parisien. “Today, this drug is spreading in a mixed population and among [people who are] younger and younger aged 17-25 years.” 
In December, three girls were victims after a night at the Nuit Fauves club in Paris and three other young people had to be hospitalized after using the drug at the capital's Rex nightclub.  
“GHB or GBL is used for the purpose of stimulating sexual desire, amplifying the libido or even seeking endurance and sexual performance”, explains the French Observatory of Drugs and Drug Addiction (OFDT) , which notes that consumers are seeking effects similar to those of ecstasy.
Sold in liquid form, GBL is used as a solvent for paint or nail polish and selling it to individuals is banned. 
But the solvent is easily available on the internet, the OFDT said in 2009. 
And GBL/GHB isn't the first drug to have caused French authorities worry in recent months. 
In April 2017, a young British woman died in Paris after taking a substance she believed to be cocaine but turned out to be the psychedelic 'N-bomb' drug
After spending 11 days in a coma brought on by the drug the woman in her late 20s, who worked in marketing in London, died in Lariboisière Hospital in Paris's 10th arrondissment. 

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Revealed: The fastest way to get across Paris

Car, moped, public transport, or electric bicycle - which means of transport is the quickest way to get across Paris?

Revealed: The fastest way to get across Paris

One intrepid reporter for French daily Le Parisien decided to find out. 

The challenge was simple. Which mode of transport would get the journalist from the heart of Fontenay-sous-Bois in the eastern suburbs to the newspaper’s office on Boulevard de Grenelle, west Paris, fastest?

Over four separate journeys, each one in the middle of rush hour, the electric bicycle was quickest and easiest. More expensive than conventional bikes, electric bikes do come with a government subsidy.

The journey was described as ‘pleasant and touristy’ on a dry but chilly morning going via dedicated cycle lanes that meant the dogged journalist avoided having to weave in and out of traffic.

It took, in total, 47 minutes from start to finish at an average speed of 19km/h, on a trip described as “comfortable” but with a caveat for bad weather. The cost was a few centimes for charging up the bike.

In comparison, a car journey between the same points took 1 hour 27 minutes – a journey not helped by a broken-down vehicle. Even accounting for that, according to the reporter’s traffic app, the journey should – going via part of the capital’s southern ringroad – have taken about 1 hr 12.

Average speed in the car was 15km/h, and it cost about €2.85 in diesel – plus parking.

A “chaotic and stressful” moped trip took 1 hour 3 minutes, and cost €1.30 in unleaded petrol.

Public transport – the RER and Metro combined via RER A to Charles-de-Gaulle-Étoile then Metro line 6 to the station Bir-Hakeim – took 50 minutes door to door, including a 10-minute walk and cost €2.80. The journey was described as “tiring”.

READ ALSO 6 ways to get around Paris without the Metro